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每日英语听力: 体育运动中的药物使用

kira86 于2021-03-18发布
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Article #70 Drug Use in Sport

体育运动中的药物使用

Athletes using drugs to enhance performance has become one of the greatest problems facing elite international sport. Major sports organizations, such as the International Olympic Committee, are putting a lot of time, effort, and money into the detection of drugs. The race between athletes using drugs and detection agencies seems to be just as fierce as sport competition itself.

运动员使用药物来提高成绩已成为国际精英体育面临的最大问题之一。主要的体育组织,如国际奥林匹克委员会,正在投入大量的时间、精力和金钱来检测药物。兴奋剂运动员与兴奋剂检测机构之间的竞争似乎就像体育竞赛本身一样激烈。

Athletes have been using drugs or other stimulants to enhance performance for centuries. Even athletes in the ancient Olympic Games in Greece used various stimulants to enhance performance. However, since the 1950s the degree of drug use has risen to a level never before seen in human athletic history.

几个世纪以来,运动员一直在使用药物或其他兴奋剂来提高成绩。甚至古希腊奥运会的运动员也使用各种各样的兴奋剂来提高成绩。然而,自20世纪50年代以来,使用兴奋剂的程度已经上升到人类运动史上从未见过的水平。

Drug testing began in the Olympic Games in the 1960s. One of the first sports to encounter drug use was cycling. During the 1960 Summer Olympic Games in Rome, Italy, a cyclist died from amphetamine use. In 1967, another cyclist died in the Tour de France cycling race. Around the same period, body-builders in the United States were experimenting with newly developed synthetic steroids that built muscle mass. As a result, the International Olympic Committee started testing for steroids during the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal, Canada.

兴奋剂检测始于20世纪60年代的奥运会。自行车运动是首批使用药物的运动之一。1960年意大利罗马夏季奥运会期间,一名自行车运动员因服用安非他明而死亡。1967年,另一名自行车手在环法自行车赛中死亡。大约在同一时期,美国的健美运动员正在试验新开发的合成类固醇,以增强肌肉质量。因此,在1976年加拿大蒙特利尔奥运会上,国际奥委会开始对类固醇进行检测。

Probably the most famous case of an athlete using drugs was Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson. After winning the 100-metre sprint in the 1988 Summer Olympic Games in Seoul, South Korea, Johnson's drug test was found to be positive. Johnson took a synthetic steroid to build muscle mass and enhance power. Eventually, Johnson was stripped of his gold medal.

也许最有名的运动员服用药物的案例是加拿大短跑运动员本·约翰逊。在赢得1988年汉城夏季奥运会100米短跑冠军后,约翰逊的药检呈阳性。约翰逊服用合成类固醇来增加肌肉和增强力量。最终,约翰逊的金牌被收回。

In the aftermath of Johnson's positive drug test, the Canadian government conducted a federal inquiry into drug use in Canadian sport. The government inquiry was the largest one to have been conducted in any country up to that point in time. The results of the inquiry found that drug use among Canadian athletes was very common. The inquiry stated that there were problems beyond just individual athletes, such as Johnson, taking drugs to enhance performance. Indeed, it was stated that there was a moral crisis throughout sport.

在约翰逊的药检呈阳性之后,加拿大政府对加拿大体育界的药物使用进行了联邦调查。政府调查是迄今为止在任何国家进行的最大的调查。调查结果发现,加拿大运动员使用药物非常普遍。调查表明,不仅仅是像约翰逊这样的运动员服用药物来提高成绩,还有其他问题。事实上,据说整个体育运动都存在着道德危机。

Today, the race between drug detection agencies and athletes who use drugs continues.

今天,药物检测机构和使用药物的运动员之间的竞争仍在继续。

In January 2000, the International Olympic Committee created a new agency to detect drug use: the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). WADA has provided increased resources for drug detection, especially in Olympic sports. Hopefully, WADA will be able to keep pace with the current moral crisis in sport.

2000年1月,国际奥委会成立了一个新的检测药物使用情况的机构:世界反兴奋剂组织(WADA)。世界反兴奋剂组织增加了对药物检测的资源,特别是在奥林匹克运动中。希望世界反兴奋剂组织能够跟上当前体育领域的道德危机。

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