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每日英语听力:新西兰,毛利人发现的世界上最后一片大陆

wjrxm 于2021-05-07发布
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Article #98 New Zealand

新西兰

New Zealand is a country that is located in the South Pacific ocean. The country is made up of two large islands, the North Island and the South Island, which are separated by a narrow channel of water. Although New Zealand has many beautiful mountains and forests, much of the land is used for farming. In fact, New Zealand has almost 70 million sheep, but only four million people! New Zealand's farms are also famous for their delicious fruit, especially apples and kiwi fruit.

新西兰是一个位于南太平洋的国家。这个国家由北岛和南岛两个大岛组成,它们被一条狭窄的运河分开。虽然新西兰有许多美丽的山脉和森林,但大部分土地都用于农业。事实上,新西兰有将近7000万只羊,但只有400万人口!新西兰的农场也以其美味的水果而闻名,尤其是苹果和猕猴桃。

About ten percent of the people who live in New Zealand belong to an ethnic group called the Maori. The Maori came to New Zealand by boats from small Polynesian islands. They arrived about 1000 years ago, and lived by farming, hunting, and fishing. About 200 years ago, many more people came to New Zealand. These people were from the British Isles, and they came to New Zealand to begin farms. Today, most of the people of New Zealand are descended from people who came from Britain.

生活在新西兰的大约10%的人属于一个叫做毛利人的民族。毛利人乘船从波利尼西亚小岛来到新西兰。他们大约在1000年前来到这里,以农耕、狩猎和捕鱼为生。大约200年前,更多的人来到新西兰。这些人来自不列颠群岛,他们来到新西兰开始经营农场。今天,大多数新西兰人都是移民来的英国人的后裔。

During the 19th century, some wars started between the Maori and the British settlers.

在19世纪,毛利人和英国殖民者之间爆发了一些战争。

After years of fighting, the two sides signed a treaty to end the wars. Today the Maori have achieved equal rights, but there are still some disagreements about land ownership.

经过多年的战斗,双方签署了结束战争的条约。今天,毛利人已经获得了平等的权利,但在土地所有权问题上仍然存在一些分歧。

In recent years, many more people have come to New Zealand, mostly from Asian countries and from other Pacific Islands.

近年来,越来越多的人来到新西兰,大部分来自亚洲国家和其他太平洋岛屿。

There are three large cities in New Zealand. Auckland is the largest city, with more than one million people. It is located in the northern part of the North Island. The capital city of New Zealand is Wellington. It is located in the southern part of the North Island. The largest city of the South Island is Christchurch. The cities of New Zealand are very modern and clean. Many tourists enjoy visiting the cities of New Zealand, but they also enjoy the beautiful countryside. New Zealand is an excellent place for outdoor recreation, such as climbing or walking.

新西兰有三个大城市。最大的城市是奥克兰,人口超过100万。它位于北岛的北部。新西兰的首都是惠灵顿,位于北岛的南部。南岛最大的城市是克赖斯特彻奇。新西兰的城市非常现代化和干净。许多游客喜欢参观新西兰的城市,但他们也喜欢美丽的乡村。新西兰是户外娱乐的好地方,比如爬山或散步。

Most of New Zealand has a mild, or temperate, climate. The summer is not very hot, and the winter is not very cold. Because New Zealand is in the southern part of the world, summer begins in December and winter begins in June. The South Island is cooler than the North Island, but both islands have similar amounts of rain. This rain gives the fields and forests of New Zealand a beautiful green colour. Each year, many tourists visit New Zealand, to experience the beautiful countryside and the interesting cultures of its people.

新西兰的大部分地区气候温和。夏天不是很热,冬天不是很冷。因为新西兰位于世界的南部,所以夏天从12月开始,冬天从6月开始。南岛比北岛凉爽,但两个岛的降雨量差不多。雨水使新西兰的田野和森林呈现出美丽的绿色。每年都有许多游客来新西兰体验美丽的乡村和新西兰人有趣的文化。

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