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每日英语听力:田径是一项有趣和健康的运动

wjrxm 于2021-05-10发布
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Article #99 Track and Field

田径赛

In many parts of the world, the sport of track and field is very popular. Actually, the sport of track and field includes many different sports. In some of these sports, the athletes run on a track. The athletes race against each other to find out who can run the fastest.

在世界许多地方,田径运动非常受欢迎。事实上,田径运动包括许多不同的运动。在其中一些运动中,运动员在跑道上跑步。他们互相赛跑,看谁跑得最快。

Some of these track events require great speed for a short distance. In the 100 metre race, the athletes must sprint as quickly as possible. Some athletes can run 100 metres in only 10 seconds!

有些径赛项目在短距离内需要很高的速度。在100米赛跑中,运动员必须尽可能快地冲刺。有些运动员能在10秒内跑完100米!

Other track races are much longer, and these events require great endurance. In the marathon, the athletes must run a distance of 42 kilometres. Because this is such a long distance, the athletes cannot run too quickly at the start. Instead, it is important to run at a steady pace and keep some energy for the end of the race. Some athletes can run the marathon in little more than two hours!

其他的径赛要长得多,这些比赛需要很大的耐力。在马拉松比赛中,运动员必须跑42公里的路程。因为这是一段很长的距离,运动员在起跑时不能跑得太快。相反,以稳定的速度跑步并在比赛结束时保持一些能量是很重要的。有些运动员跑马拉松只需要两个多小时!

Some races are called middle distance races because the distance is not very short, yet it is also not very long. For example, the 1500 metres requires a mixture of speed and endurance. Some athletes can run the 1500 metres in less than four minutes! There are also some track events for people who use a wheelchair. Wheelchair athletes can race even faster than athletes who run!

有些赛跑被称为中距离赛跑,因为它的距离不是很短,但也不是很长。例如,1500米需要速度和耐力的结合。有些运动员跑完1500米全程不到四分钟!还有一些径赛项目是为坐轮椅的人准备的。坐轮椅的运动员比跑步的运动员跑得更快!

Some of the races on the track are for teams of four runners. Each athlete carries a small stick called a baton. After running a certain distance, the runner must hand the baton to a team-mate, who then runs with the baton. To win this race, the team's runners must be very fast, but they must also cooperate very well with each other.

有些跑步比赛是四人一组的。每个运动员都带着一根叫做接力棒的小棍。跑完一段距离后,运动员必须将接力棒交给队友,队友再拿着接力棒跑。为了赢得比赛,队伍的选手必须跑得非常快,但他们也必须很好地相互配合。

In the field events, athletes compete by jumping or throwing. In the long jump, the athletes run up to a line, and then try to jump as far forward as possible. In the high jump, the athletes must try to jump over a very high bar. Another field event is called the shot put. In this event, the athletes try to throw a heavy metal ball as far as possible. Yet another field event is called the javelin throw. In this event, the athletes try to throw a long spear as far as possible. Athletes who compete in the throwing events must be very strong!

在田赛项目中,运动员通过跳跃或投掷进行比赛。在跳远比赛中,运动员跑到一条线上,然后试着向前跳,跳得越远越好。在跳高比赛中,运动员必须试着跳过一个很高的杆。另一个田赛项目叫做铅球。在这个项目中,运动员要把一个重金属球扔得越远越好。还有一个田赛项目叫做标枪。在这个项目中,运动员们尽量把长矛投得越远越好。参加投掷项目的运动员必须非常强壮!

Both men and women compete in the sport of track and field. Many boys and girls enjoy track and field as part of their education in school. Those boys and girls who have much talent, and who work very hard, might someday compete in the Olympics. But for most people, track and field is just a fun and healthy way to get exercise and to make friends.

男子和女子都能参加田径运动。许多男孩和女孩喜欢作为他们学校教育一部分的田径运动。那些很有天赋、很用功的男孩和女孩,也许有一天会在奥运会上竞争。但对大多数人来说,田径只是一种有趣和健康的锻炼和交朋友的方式。

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