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BBC六分钟英语听力精选:生活在一个狭小的空间里

Cherie207 于2013-05-24发布 l 已有人浏览
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大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是关于英国目前的住房危机问题。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

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生活在一个狭小的空间里

你能够在一个只有30平方米的房子或公寓里生活吗?

目前,英国存在着住房危机,没有足够的房子提供给人们居住,而且正在筹建的房子面积也变得越来越小了。为了自己和家人能够有足够的空间生活,人们不得不围绕着这个问题发挥“创意”。

在这期的节目里,Jen和Neil会一起讨论居住在狭小空间里的人越来越多的问题。

这一期的问题:

哪一个欧洲国家有大约80%的房子面积比英国的大呢?

a.爱尔兰

b.荷兰

c.丹麦

让我们一起在节目里寻找答案吧。

听力内容:

Jennifer: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English from bbclearningenglish.com. My name is Jennifer and with me in the studio is Neil. Welcome, Neil!

Neil: Hi there Jen. In this programme, we take a look at a topic in the news and learn some new vocabulary and phrases from it.

Jennifer: In this programme, we’re talking about the growing number of people living in very tiny places. How big is your house, Neil? I bet you live in a castle!

Neil: I wish! No, I live in a small, two-bedroom flat, which is not big enough because there are four of us in it! How about you, Jen?

Jen: Well, my house is very small indeed, but I do feel grateful to have it, particularly as Britain is experiencing a housing crisis at the moment.

Neil: There’s a shortage of houses in Britain and this has meant that the price of houses has become very expensive.

Jennifer: The prices have become so expensive that people can’t afford to buy their own home. A popular way to describe buying your first home in English is ‘to get a foot on the property ladder’.

Neil: Even if you can afford to buy your own home, you might find that your money doesn’t buy very much. Research out this week has revealed that the UK has some of the smallest properties in Europe.

Jennifer: I’m glad you mentioned that, Neil, as it reminds me: I haven’t asked you the quiz question yet!

One European country has new homes which are, on average, almost 80% bigger than the homes in Britain. Is it:

a) Ireland

b) The Netherlands

c) Denmark

Neil: I don’t really know and I’m going to guess that it’s b) the Netherlands.

Jennifer: Well, we will find out if you are right at the end of the programme. So, we know that there is a housing crisis in Britain, and we also know that many of the new houses which are on the market, or for sale, are very small. A typical one-bedroom home in Britain is just 46m².

Neil: That is tiny! You could say ‘you wouldn’t have room to swing a cat’: now don’t take that phrase literally; it simply means that a room is very small.

Jennifer: The people building the houses are trying to meet the demand for properties, so they are building houses with two or three bedrooms, but those rooms are much smaller than anywhere else in Europe.

Neil: And that’s an interesting difference between Britain and the rest Europe. Here in the UK, houses are sold according to the number of bedrooms they have. Elsewhere, people pay more attention to the measurement of the floor space.

Jennifer: You’re right, Neil. The number of bedrooms you have in your house is very important to many people in Britain. Now, according to research from the Royal Institute of British Architects, lack of space is the most common cause of dissatisfaction that people have in relation to their homes and it can be really frustrating.

Neil: Yes, especially if you have a lot of belongings and kids to squeeze into a small space! So what can you do to make a small space more habitable, or easy to live in?

Jennifer: Well, the design of your house can make a difference. If you have a minimalist approach it can make your house feel bigger. Listen to this clip from BBC correspondent Jennifer Pak. She describes a man in Hong Kong who has transformed his small living space to make it multifunctional…

BBC correspondent, Jennifer Pak:

Architect Gary Chang lives alone. He has created a walk-in closet, with the help of sliding walls. This apartment is only 30m², but, using tracks on the ceiling and wheels, Mr Chang can transform it into a linen closet, a bathroom, and even a full-size kitchen behind the television set. But the renovation cost as much as the flat itself, so for other homes in the territory, it’s a constant battle against clutter.

Jennifer: So Mr Chang has modified, or changed, his tiny apartment using sliding walls. That’s great if you’ve got the skills to do that, but lots of people won’t be able to.

Neil: As we heard in the report, other people have a real battle against clutter. If you de-clutter your house, you get rid of lots of things that you don’t need, like ornaments, books or CDs.

Jennifer: It’s not so bad nowadays – you can store all of your music and books digitally, which does save a lot of space.

Neil: Many people who live in small places will buy gadgets which save space and make their lives easier. Here’s Jennifer Pak again, describing a multifunctional cooking gadget:

BBC correspondent, Jennifer Pak:

Maple Ma likes to make food. This pot can grill, bake, fry and steam using a halogen lamp to cook. It replaces her oven, microwave and stove. The Hong Kong company that makes this pot, German Pool, says its best sellers are gadgets that perform multiple functions.

Neil: An oven, microwave and stove, all in one! That’s really handy for small spaces.

Jennifer: Now, we’ve heard a lot about small homes in Britain, it’s time to go back to our quiz question from earlier. I asked you which European country’s homes are almost 80% bigger than those in the UK.

a) Ireland

b) The Netherlands

c) Denmark

Neil: And I said b) the Netherlands…

Jennifer: And you were wrong! It's homes in Denmark which are, on average, 80% bigger than those in the UK. Homes in the Netherlands are 53% bigger and in Ireland they’re 15% bigger.

Neil: So, all in all, living space is pretty small here in the UK.

Jennifer: Yes, if you want more space, you’ll have to move abroad. We’re almost out of time now, so Neil, could you remind us of some of the words and phrases we’ve heard today?

Neil: Yes. They were:

housing crisis

to get a foot on the property ladder

on the market

room to swing a cat

to squeeze

minimalist

de-clutter

Jennifer: Do join us again for another edition of 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. Bye for now!

Neil: Goodbye!

词汇学习:

1. housing crisis 住房危机

2. to get a foot on the property ladder 买第一个房子

3. on the market 上市的,出售的

4. room to swing a cat 转个身的余地

5. to squeeze 挤进,挤紧

6. minimalist 极简抽象派艺术的

7. de-clutter 整理,收拾

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