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BBC六分钟英语听力精选:说话的猴子(mp3)

Cherie207 于2013-11-26发布 l 已有人浏览
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大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是会说话的猴子。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

猴子.jpg

Talking monkeys 说话的猴子

狒狒的奇异叫声使我们发现与人类的语言有着惊人的相似。科学家也正在研究这是否能帮助我们了解人类是在多久以前产生语言的。

Finn和Neil将会与大家一起说说关于人类语言的发展历程,期间还会弄一些奇怪搞笑的声音。

这一期的问题:

狒狒是吃什么的呢?

a) 鱼

b) 草

c) 冰淇淋

让我们一起来听节目,找答案吧。

听力正文:

Finn: Hello, I’m Finn. This is 6 Minute English and I’m joined this week by Neil. Hello Neil.

(Monkey sounds)

Finn: Err, Neil?

(Monkey sounds)

Finn: Neil, are you OK?

(Monkey sounds)

Finn: Actually that wasn't Neil, you'll be glad to know, he is safe and sound here in the studio with me.

Neil: Hello. Yes, that wonderful sound you just heard was in fact a gelada – a kind of monkey – which we'll be hearing more from later in the programme.

Finn: Yes. Could the gelada monkey provide an important clue about the development of human language? But first, as always, we have a question. Neil – could you please tell me what geladas eat?

a) fish

b) grass

c) ice-cream

Neil: Well, I can see you're trying to trap me with ice-cream here, because the name of the monkey sounds like the Italian word for ice-cream. So, I'm not that stupid, I'm going to go for 'b', grass.

Finn: Wonderful knowledge of Italian there Neil. Don't worry I'm not trying to make a monkey out of you – I'm not trying to make you look stupid. Now let's listen to the gelada monkey again. How would we describe that sound?

(Gelada monkey gurgling)

Neil: Well, it sounds a bit like a gargle – a gargling noise.

Finn: Yes, it does. Gargle is a great word because it's an example of what we call onomatopoeia – a word which sounds like its meaning. Neil, gargle is the word, could you please demonstrate a gargle?

Neil: (Neil gargles)

Finn: Very good. Neil is gargling – and the sound it makes is a gargle. That's lovely!

Neil: Can I stop now?

Finn: Yes, you can stop now. Thank you very much. How about another quick example of onomatopoeia:

(Clicks mouse)

A click. Listen again. Click.

Neil: Or this, oops:

(Crash sound)

A crash.

Finn: Now, anyway, let's get back to the gargling monkey. Behind the fun sound is some serious science - about the origins, or beginnings, of human speech.

Neil: Scientists from the University of Michigan believe that these gelada calls might be similar to the primitive noises – early and simple sounds – that our evolutionary ancestors made, that is – what we, humans, were before we developed into modern humans.

Finn: Dr Thore Bergman, who was the main author of the study, said that geladas make sounds which have "speech-like properties" – they have qualities which are like… speech.

Neil: And the interesting thing is – most monkeys and apes can only make the most basic noises because they don't have the vocal anatomy required – that is they don't have the physical mouth and throat parts needed – to make more complex sounds.

Finn: All other monkeys and apes can do is called lip smacking – rapidly moving their jaws, lips and their tongues. And I think, Neil, it's time for another demonstration please.

Neil: (Neil making lip smacking noises)

Finn: Lip smacking, very nice.

Neil: The gelada, on the other hand, is the only one that can produce vocalisations – or sounds from the vocal chords in the throat while doing this.

Finn: That’s it! So – lip smacking and vocalisations – together are maybe a possible step between the sounds of other monkeys – and human speech.

Neil: Though there is a question – the scientists don't know yet what the noises mean exactly. They believe the noises might be used the way humans use small talk – chatting about things that are not really important – to help the monkey societies feel more closely bonded or connected.

Finn: That’s right, so, small talk, things like saying: "Fine day, isn't it?"

Neil: "Not bad, not bad. How are the kids, Finn?"

Finn: "Oh yeah, keeping me awake all night."

Neil: "Oh yes, I know the feeling."

Finn: Or as you would say in gelada:

(Gelada gargle)

Finn: I think that's quite enough monkey business for one day – quite enough of us being silly, wouldn't you say? Neil, earlier I asked you what geladas eat. Was it:

a) fish

b) grass

c) ice-cream

Neil: And I am not stupid so I'm going to go for 'b' grass.

Finn: And you're right, they are herbivores, they eat grass. Anyway, before we go let's run through the words and phrases one more time.

Neil: gargle

onomatopoeia

origins

primitive noises

evolutionary ancestors

vocal anatomy

lip smacking

vocalisations

small talk

monkey business

Finn: Thanks Neil. Sadly, it's time to go. So please join us again soon for more 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English.

Both: (Gargle).

词汇学习:

1. gargle 咕噜声

2. onomatopoeia 拟声

3. origins 起源

4. primitive noises 原始的声音

5. evolutionary ancestors 进化祖先

6. speech-like properties 说话一样的特性

7. vocal anatomy 声带

8. lip smacking 吧唧嘴

9. vocalizations 元音

10. small talk 闲聊

11. monkey business 恶作剧

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