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BBC六分钟英语听力精选:英国的年轻人,清醒吧

Cherie207 于2014-05-24发布 l 已有人浏览
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大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是英国年轻人喝酒的问题。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

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Young, British and sober

英国的年轻人,清醒吧

英国的年轻人都喜欢喝很多酒,是吗?有评论说,18岁以后才出去喝酒可能不再现实了。在这个节目中,我们将会听到英国广播公司的调查研究,发现越来越多的年轻人不再酗酒了。

我们会发现这种改变后面的一些因素,并学习与喝酒和戒酒相关的词汇。

本期问题:

通常一瓶酒的酒精量达到多少度?是:

a) 8

b) 10

c) 13

让我们一起听节目,找答案吧。

听力内容:

Young, British and sober

NB: This is not a word-for-word transcript

Rob: Welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m Rob…

Neil: …and hello, I'm Neil.

Rob: Hello Neil. Today we’re talking about the increase in the number of young people who have decided not to drink alcohol.

Neil: We're particularly talking about young people in the UK – teenagers and people in their early twenties. In some countries, drinking is not a big issue, but in Britain, we’re seeing a change in attitude – in other words, a change in people’s beliefs and behaviour.

Rob: Now, I started to drink alcohol in my mid-teens. It made me feel grown-up and helped me let my hair down at parties. It didn't always taste good though! What about you Neil – when did you start drinking?

Neil: Just like you Rob, I started drinking in my mid-teens, I'd say. It's a big part of the British social life I would say.

Rob: Yes, and you've never stopped?

Neil: Not to this minute!

Rob: Well, teenagers in the UK may have had a reputation – they were known for binge drinking. That means drinking lots of alcohol and very quickly. But as we'll hear, that image is changing. And we’ll be looking at some vocabulary around the topic of drinking - but not before I give you Neil a question to stew over.

Neil: 'To stew over'! You mean to think about – so go on, let's have it.

Rob: OK, well, alcoholic drinks can be measured in units. This gives drinkers a guide to how much they've consumed – or drunk. Drinking too many units of alcohol can be bad for your health. So how well do you know your units Neil? Do you know how many units there are in a typical bottle of wine? Is it:

a) 8

b) 10

c) 13

Neil: I am going to go for 13. I'm pretty confident about this one.

Rob: Unlucky for some, but we’ll find out if you are right or wrong later on. Did you know the UK National Health Service recommends that a man should not drink more than 3 or 4 units of alcohol a day, and for women it's 2 or 3 units?

Neil: But we know some young people in the UK who drink far more than that and get intoxicated – another word for getting drunk. And this often leads to a hangover – feeling tired and ill the day after drinking – or worse.

Rob: Well, a report earlier this year by the BBC's Asian Network, found this picture is changing. Young people are drinking less, or not at all – they are abstaining.

Neil: That's good news. I find, even at my age, cutting back on drinking is a hard thing to do. It takes willpower – that's the ability to control my own behaviour.

Rob: Yes, of course this is not an issue for people from certain cultures, who don’t drink alcohol because of their religious beliefs. But for others, there are a number of changes that have encouraged younger people to remain sober – or not get drunk.

Neil: Well, there have been awareness campaigns – that's when organised publicity in the media has shown the benefits of not drinking. Also, British pubs and clubs have been stricter when stopping underage drinkers from buying alcohol.

Rob: Yes, because officially you have to be 18 years old before you can buy alcohol. Another reason is the recession – people can't afford to go out and drink.

Neil: But Jonathan Birdwell, who's a senior researcher at the think-tank Demos, has another reason. A think-tank, by the way, is a group of experts brought together, usually by a government, to develop ideas on a particular subject and to make suggestions for action. See if you can hear what his reason is…

Jonathan Birdwell, Senior Researcher for Demos:

Around 2004 we see the rise of awareness campaigns around units to consume, and daily guidelines, we see the arrival of 'drink aware' labels on alcohol. We also see the rise of negative media stories around binge drinking culture.

I think also significant, is the rise of social media technologies, smartphones, iPads. You know we have not only new ways of interacting with our friends, which takes up time, but we also have multiple forms of entertainment that didn't exist, say ten years ago.

Rob: Interesting! One factor for the change is the rise – the increase – in people using social media technology. He calls this significant – so it’s important.

Neil: Yes, all this interaction with our friends takes up time. And time is also taken up using what he calls multiple forms of entertainment – things like gaming and watching films online. There's more of it now.

Rob: So maybe one way to cut down on drinking is to keep busy! But does this mean going out boozing – or drinking alcohol – is a thing of the past?

Neil: Not yet, Rob. Although there are more coffee shops and ice cream parlours now, to spend time in – alcohol abuse still remains a problem among the young in the UK.

Rob: Well, on that sobering thought, let me reveal the answer to the question I set you earlier. I asked if you knew how many units there are in a typical bottle of wine. Is it:

a) 8

b) 10

c) 13

Neil: I said 13 but I want to change my mind and say b) 10.

Rob: Well, actually, that's a good idea because it is 10. Did you know that one unit equals 10 ml or 8 grams of pure alcohol, which is around the amount of alcohol the average adult can process in one hour? OK, before we go, please could you remind us of some of the words and phrases that we've heard today?

Neil: Yes, we heard:

attitude

let my hair down

binge drinking

consumed

intoxicated

hangover

abstaining

willpower

sober

awareness campaigns

boozing

Rob: Thanks. Well, it's time now for a healthy glass of orange juice I think. We hope you’ve enjoyed today’s programme. Please join us again soon for another 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. Bye.

Neil: Cheers!

词汇学习:

1. attitude 态度

2. let my hair down 让我们放松一下;不拘小节

3. binge drinking 酗酒,豪饮

4. consumed 消费;挥霍

5. intoxicated 喝醉的

6. hangover 宿醉

7. abstaining 弃权

8. willpower 意志力,毅力

9. sober 使清醒

10. awareness campaigns 开展运动

11. boozing 喝酒

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