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BBC六分钟英语听力精选:巴西美食

Cherie207 于2014-06-28发布 l 已有人浏览
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大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是巴西的美食。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Brazilianfood.jpg

Brazilian food

巴西美食

巴西因它充满活力的音乐以及人民的亲切热情而有名。Rob是一个很喜欢探索新奇事物的人,他也很很喜欢尝试各地美食,如果他去一个国家旅游的时候,就热衷于发现了解更多的美食类型。

我们的巴西同事Grace和Thomas将会在节目里和大家一起谈论巴西一道最出名的菜式,叫“巴西豆饭”(feijoada),还会给我们透露巴西其中一种最传统的鸡尾酒——“凯匹林纳鸡尾酒”(caipirinha)的调酒方法。

让我们一起去发现了解一下巴西人的口味,以及学习一些与美食相关的词汇。

本期问题:

根据世界咖啡组织的研究,哪一个国家是第二大咖啡生产国呢?

a) 哥伦比亚

b) 印度尼西亚

c) 越南

让我们一起听节目,找答案吧。

听力内容:

Brazilian food

NB: This is not a word-for-word transcript

Rob: Hello I’m Rob. Welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m joined today by my colleague Grace, who's from Brazil. Hello Grace.

Grace: Hi Rob. It's good to be here. But I hope you don't mind my Brazilian accent.

Rob: Of course not. Most people have an accent – the important thing is to be able to communicate… and your accent is charming, Grace! So, you're going to talk about Brazilian culture?

Grace: Yes, Brazilian food is on the menu today, and we will whet your appetite with language about food.

Rob: Great! Well, nothing makes me happier than tasty food! And I'm a bit of a gourmet, you know.

Grace: Well, if you are a gourmet – someone who likes high-quality food – you will not be disappointed if you go to Brazil. But first, let me put a question to you.

Rob: OK, I like a challenge.

Grace: Brazil is the biggest coffee producer in the world. According to the International Coffee Organization, which of these countries is in second place? Is it…

a) Colombia

b) Indonesia

c) Vietnam

Rob: Yes, all places that produce coffee but I'm going to go for: a) Colombia.

Grace: We’ll find out if you're right or wrong later. Now let’s talk about food.

Rob: Good, yes. I'd like to know: if I go to a Brazilian family's home, what will I eat? What's the staple food of Brazil?

Grace: The basic food in Brazil – the staple food – is rice and beans. You can have it with fried eggs, a steak or some salad. But there's a special dish called 'feijoada'. Thomas Pappon, a Brazilian who blogs about food, explains what it is. And then, tell me: what kind of dish is this?

Thomas Pappon, Brazilian food blogger:

There’s a sophisticated version of rice and beans which is served during festivities and in every restaurant on Saturdays. It's called 'feijoada'. It's a stew made of black beans and with pieces of pork. The main dish is served with side dishes such as fried greens and toasted manioc flour. There's no room left for dessert after this!

Rob: It's a stew! I like a good stew – a kind of food in which meat or fish or vegetables are cooked slowly with just a little bit of liquid. But no dessert?! I need my dessert, Grace!

Grace: The main dish is quite filling, Rob. You won't need a pudding, sweet or fruit afterwards. And there are lots of side dishes with it.

Rob: These are small dishes which accompany the main one – and they sound very appetising too.

Grace: They sound appetising; in other words, it makes you really want to eat them. And at the end of the meal you wash these dishes down with a 'caipirinha'.

Rob: A caipirinha?

Grace: A very special Brazilian drink. Thomas Pappon can give you the traditional recipe for it. Listen out for what he does with the lime.

Thomas Pappon, Brazilian gastronomy blogger:

You cut a lime into quarters, put it in a glass with a tablespoon – a generous tablespoon – of sugar. You break up the lime by pounding and pressing the lime with a wooden spoon until the sugar is dissolved into the lime juice. Then you add crushed ice, mix it very well and add – of course – the main ingredient here, 'cachaça' which is a spirit made of sugar cane. I tell you, be adventurous. Why not experiment with other fruits like passion fruit, strawberries or kiwis. Some people dilute this cocktail with a bit of water, but most Brazilians like myself, take it without any water at all.

Grace: There you go. The traditional caipirinha!

Rob: So you break up the lime by pounding it – by hitting or beating it very hard. I think I can do that.

Grace: Yes. And, a surprise for you, Rob, I don't have a caipirinha here but I brought a bit of Brazilian cachaça in this little cup. I brought the bottle from my native Sao Paulo. It's a spirit – a strong alcoholic drink – so be careful with it.

Rob: I'll have a little sip first time, OK.

Grace: Strong, huh?!

Rob: Yes.

Grace: Are you still on your feet?

Rob: Just about, just about.

Grace: Good, well let me tell you the answer to the question from the beginning of the programme. Brazil is the biggest coffee producer in the world. I asked which of these countries is in second position. Is it… Colombia, Indonesia or Vietnam?

Rob: And I said Colombia.

Grace: Well, Rob, I'm afraid it's not right. The correct answer is: c) Vietnam. The other two countries, they are really great producers of coffee as you know but Brazil has been consistently the biggest producer and Vietnam has kept the second place, with roughly half of what Brazil produces. The main types of coffee exported are Arabica and Robusta. Good strong coffee, Rob!

Rob: Indeed. Sounds good.

Grace: Talking about coffee makes me want a cafezinho, which is a good strong coffee in a small cup as we have in Brazil. And you might need one after the cachaça, Rob.

Rob: I might, indeed.

Grace: But first let's recall the words we heard today:

Rob: OK, we heard:

gourmet

staple food

stew

side dish

dessert

appetising

pounding

spirit

Grace: Thanks, Rob. Now, shall we go and have our cafezinho?

Rob: Well, actually, I'd like some more cachaça, if that's possible? Please join us soon again for more 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English.

Both: Saúde! (Cheers!) Bye.

词汇学习:

1. gourmet 美食家

2. staple food 主食

3. stew 炖(煮),焖

4. side dish 配菜

5.dessert 餐后甜点

6. appetizing 美味可口的;诱人的

7.pounding 重击;重敲

8. spirit 烈酒(例如威士忌、伏特加)

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