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BBC六分钟英语听力精选:欢笑瑜伽

Cherie207 于2014-07-25发布 l 已有人浏览
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大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是瑜伽的一种——欢笑瑜伽。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

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Laughter yoga

欢笑瑜伽

笑对一个人在生理上、精神上和心灵上是好的。跟随Kate和Rebecca来听听英国广播公司电台记者的经历,他尝试过欢笑瑜伽,这是目前在世界上很受大众欢迎的印度的新运动。

本周话题:

欢笑瑜伽是在印度哪一个城市里起源的呢?是:

a) 德里

b) 大吉岭

c) 孟买

让我们一起来听节目,找答案吧。

听力内容:

Laughter yoga

NB: This is not an accurate word-for-word transcript

Kate: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Kate Colin and joining us today to help with some of the language in today's programme is Rebecca. Hi Rebecca. Now you may be familiar with the idea that laughter is supposed to be healthy! Have you ever heard before of this idea before Rebecca?

Rebecca: Well I have vaguely heard that laughing is meant to be good for stress levels and I know from personal experience that you always feel better after a good laugh – it just gives you a natural high. This expression means to feel happy or energetic without any artificial stimulants.

Kate: Indeed, well, this principle has led a Dr Madan Kataria in India to devise a new type of activity…. laughter yoga.

Rebecca: This is a type of exercise routine which combines laughter with yogic breathing and is carried out in a group with other people. There are now more than one hundred laughter clubs across India and they are increasing in number all the time.

Kate: But before we find out more, let's have the question for this week. Are you ready? In which city in India did laughter yoga originate? Was it:

a) Delhi

b) Darjeeling

c) Mumbai

Rebecca: answers

Kate: Well, according to research laughing releases endorphins into the body which bring on a natural high. Endorphins are a chemical naturally released in the brain which can reduce pain and make us feel relaxed or energetic. Before we listen to the next extract about the benefits of laughing, let's go over some of the health-related vocabulary we might come across. First, immune system. What does immune system mean?

Rebecca: Yes, the immunue system is the ability of our body to protect itself against infection. If we have a strong immune system we are able to fight off illnesses and remain fit and healthy most of the time. To boost means to make stronger so if something boosts our immune system it means that it helps it become more powerful and therefore prevents us from getting ill so often.

Kate: And anesthetic?

Rebecca: An anesthetic is a substance which make your pain disappear.

Kate: And the expression burning off calories.

Rebecca: A calorie is a unit of energy which is used as a measurement for the amount of energy which food provides. So to burn off calories is often used to refer to an activity which helps you lose weight.

Kate: A BBC reporter, Rob Crossan tried laughter yoga while he was in India and we're going to hear him talk about the health benefits that laughter can bring. Have a listen and try to hear the words and expressions we've just learnt.

Insert 1

It's got incredible health benefits. The fellow who started up the whole concept of laughter yoga, Dr Gore Bredan Getaria believes that laughter can boost the immune system, it can act as an anesthetic, it burns off calories, it's exercise, it's a muscle relaxant…'

Rebecca: So he said that that the health benefits of laughter yoga include boosting the immune system, acting as an anesthetic, burning off calories, it’s good exercise and it's also a muscle relaxant.

Kate: Well it all sounds good to me! But how does it work? Does everyone just wait for someone else to say something funny? What actually causes people to laugh in the first place?

Rebecca: Well, apparently people all round the world are learning to laugh for no reason. You don't need a sense of humour or indeed any jokes…

Insert 1

You know, rather than just waiting for someone to say something funny which often can take quite a while, let's just do it deliberately.

Rebecca: The idea is that you laugh deliberately at silly and trivial things. Let's hear a bit more about how our reporter dealt with it. Did he feel awkward or embarrassed to be laughing at things which he might not normally find that funny?

Insert 2

Well, I did think I'd be awfully British about it and feel incredibly uncomfortable. It's amazing, when you have a group of thirty or forty other people all doing incredibly silly things with you. All they really have to do really is look you in the eye and laugh and it's incredibly contagious. Suddenly I'm just convulsed in laughter.

Rebecca: He said that so many other people were doing it that he found himself convulsed in laughter. Convulsed is a word we often use when describing uncontrollable laughter. He said he thought he was going to feel uncomfortable but when it came down to it, he was in a large group and he found that laughter was contagious. Contagious means something that spreads easily from one person to another. So usually we talk about illnesses being contagious but we can also use it for actions or in this case, laughter.

Kate: Well, it seems to work and Rob seemed to really enjoy his laughter yoga. Is this someone you might be interested in trying Rebecca, or is there enough laughter in your life already?

Rebecca: answers

Kate: We're nearly at the end of the programme but before we go, could you take us through the vocabulary we've come across today?

Rebecca: Certainly, so first we had natural high, endorphins, boost the immune system, anesthetic, burning off calories, contagious and convulsed.

Kate: Thanks and now to the question I asked you earlier. Which Indian city did laughter yoga originate in?

Rebecca: answers

Kate: It was in fact started in Mumbai and is spreading fast across the world. In fact, it's already reached over 60 different countries so far. That's all we have time for today. Thanks for all your help Rebecca and until next week. Goodbye!

词汇学习:

1. a natural high 天然的

2. boost 推动;宣扬;促进

3. immune system 免疫系统

4. anesthetic 麻醉药

5. burning off calories 燃烧卡路里

6. convulsed in laughter 哄堂大笑;捧腹大笑

7. contagious 传染性的

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