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BBC六分钟英语听力精选:星座

Cherie207 于2014-08-01发布 l 已有人浏览
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大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是大家都比较感兴趣的星座问题。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

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Star signs

星座

在世界各地,成千上万的人相信他们的命运是取决于太阳、月亮以及各行星所处的位置。但是,我们如何理解占星术呢?

今天,双子座的Rob和处女座的Neil将会和大家一起聊聊占星术在现代世界里的地位。他们能否从中读取有关自己的星座预言呢?让我们一起来听他们的谈话,同时学习一些新词汇吧。

本周问题:

以下哪一个是由于被揭露过于依赖星座来做决定而受到公开批判的著名人物呢?是:

a) Margaret Thatcher玛格丽特•撒切尔

b) Nancy Reagan南希•里根

c) Michael Jackson 迈克尔•杰克逊

让我们一起来听节目,找答案吧。

听力内容:

Star signs

NB: This is not a word-for-word transcript

Rob: Hello I’m Rob – a Gemini. Welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m joined today by Neil.

Neil: Hi Rob. I'm a Virgo. So, what does that say about my personality? That's the group of thoughts, feelings and behaviours which make you who you are. It means I am supposed to be independent and observant!

Rob: Really? OK, observant – in other words, quick at noticing things. Well, as a Gemini, I'm supposed to be witty and adaptable!

Neil: I think that's true. You are adaptable, Rob. You get used to new things and situations very easily, I think.

Rob: Well, these characteristics we've mentioned are based on what astrologers say. And astrology is today's theme.

Neil: Astrologers are people who say they can find out about your personality, and maybe your future, by analysing the position of stars and planets the day you were born.

Rob: It's controversial. Many astronomers – the scientists who study the stars and planets – don't believe it's true, but some well-known people believe it's a very serious business. And I'll put a question to you about that.

Neil: People born under the sign of Virgo are said to be very precise. Hmm, I'm not so sure about that… But I'd better make sure everything I say today is very accurate so I fit the description!

Rob: OK. Let's see if you can answer this question accurately. Which of these famous people were publicly criticised when it came to light that they relied too much on horoscopes to take decisions? Was it:

a) Margaret Thatcher

b) Nancy Reagan or

c) Michael Jackson

Neil: I think… I can remember this. I think it's Nancy Reagan, b.

Rob: OK. Are you sure?

Neil: I am.

Rob: OK. Well, you'll have to be patient because you won't get the answer until the end of the programme.

Neil: Now, let me read my horoscope for today…

Rob: Oh, you and your horoscopes, honestly, Neil! Do you know when newspapers and magazines started to offer horoscopes to their readers?

Neil: No, I don't.

Rob: Well, let's hear from Nicholas Campion, who teaches the cultural history of astrology at the University of Wales. What does he have to say about it? Campion, a Pisces, uses one particular word when he describes how people feel about their place in the universe. Which word is it?

Nicholas Campion, University of Wales:

The newspaper horoscope was invented about 1930. There's a parallel between what was happening in astronomy at the time. In the late 20s, the idea that the universe is huge and expanding was discovered and popularised by the astronomer Edwin Hubble. This became a metaphor for the idea that we live on the edge of a distant corner of the universe and we are all very insignificant. At the same time we suddenly get these horoscope columns appearing which I see as a kind of domestication of astrology.

Neil: Insignificant! It means of very little importance. He says that's how people felt when astronomer Edwin Hubble discovered how huge the universe is…

Rob: And this academic thinks astrology tried to bring this idea under control; it domesticated it. It brought it to our personal level, and made it all about routine, everyday events.

Neil: How interesting. It makes us think that the stars are all about us. Astrology tells us that the stars are all about me! I want to read my horoscope now!

Rob: Well, before you do that, you have to listen to what another specialist, this time a psychologist, has to say. Paul Rogers, a Sagittarius, teaches at the University of Central Lancashire, in the north of England.

Neil: A Sagittarius – he might be independent like me. Yes, go ahead!

Rob: OK. Well, he might spoil the fun you're having with your newspaper. Here he is:

Paul Rogers, University of Central Lancashire, England:

People are misperceiving these generalised statements as being unique to their own personality. There are other counter biases that people fall prey to, for example, the confirmation bias. If you believe in something, you'll look for evidence to support that belief and you'll ignore evidence that rejects that belief.

Neil: He talks about belief! Something which you think is true without much proof. He says that people who think horoscopes are true do so because the predictions seem to confirm what they already think about themselves.

Rob: Yes, people look for evidence – an indication that something they believe is true. But it's all in their mind and not in the stars themselves. People believe what they want to believe. They need some sense of control over life.

Neil: You know what? This is true. Believe in horoscopes or not, it's very comforting to have this sense of direction in life.

Rob: Everything seems so unpredictable! Here's something predictable: our quiz. Let's go back to it and see if you got the question right. I asked you which of these famous people were publicly criticised when it came to light that they relied too much on horoscopes. Was it Margaret Thatcher, Nancy Reagan or Michael Jackson?

Neil: I said Nancy Reagan.

Rob: And you were right. Nancy Reagan, wife of the late president Ronald Reagan, has long been interested in astrology. In 1988, she was criticised and ridiculed when it was revealed that she had consulted astrologers during her time at the White House.

Neil: I knew I was right because I'm always accurate!

Rob: Of course. Well done! Right, well, before we go, could you remind us of some of the English words we’ve heard today?

Neil: personality

observant

adaptable

astrologers

astronomers

insignificant

domestication

evidence

belief

Rob: Thank you, Neil. Well, that’s it for this programme. Please join us soon again for 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English.

Neil: Here's one thing you can predict: we’ll be back! Bye.

Rob: Bye bye.

词汇学习:

1. personality 个性;性格

2. observant 善于观察的;观察力敏锐的

3. adaptable 适应性强的;适合的,能适应的

4. astrologers 占星家

5. astronomers 天文学家

6. insignificant 无关紧要的;不重要的

7. domestication 驯养;教化

8. evidence 证明;依据

9. belief 信念,信仰

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