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BBC六分钟英语听力精选:你有多精通音乐呢?

Cherie207 于2014-08-09发布 l 已有人浏览
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大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是音乐天赋。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

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How musical are you?

你有多精通音乐呢?

今天Yvonne和Rob要说说与音乐相关的话题,以及人类的音乐天赋。

本周问题:

请听以下两种音乐,你认为它们的类型是:

a) 完全相同

b) 不相同

让我们一起收听节目,找答案吧!

听力内容:

How musical are you?

NB: This is not a word for word transcript

Yvonne: Hello, I'm Yvonne Archer, this is 6 Minute English – and I'm delighted that Rob has joined me today! Hello Rob.

Rob: Hello Yvonne, nice to be here.

Yvonne: To start the New Year, BBC Radio 3 ran a Mozart festival, playing 12 days of the genius' classical music. Now, many people believe that we need to be musical to enjoy classical music. So Rob, what makes someone musical in your opinion?

Rob: Hmm – well, I don't think it's just about playing musical instruments. I thinkit's somebody who appreciates and understands the rhythm of a piece of music or a song.

Yvonne: OK – that means that you'll probably find today's question quite interesting. Are you ready?

Rob: Absolutely.

Yvonne: Listen to these two pieces of music, and, ignoring the pitch – that's the key they're played in – tell me whether they're

a) exactly the same or

b) different

Insert 1: BBC Learning English music test

Yvonne: Well?

Rob: Hmm, it's tricky but I do think they're different. Yes, a different beat in the second piece of music there.

Yvonne: OK, we'll find out whether you're right or wrong later on, Rob. Now that's the sort of question you might be asked in BBC Radio 3's online test to find out about people's musical abilities.

Rob: Hmm - that sounds like fun.

Yvonne: It does. Dr Lauren Stewart of Goldsmith University is one of the scientists running the Radio 3 project. So, is the traditional description of musical people as people who can play a musical instrument or who've had formal music training a good one?

Insert 2: Dr Lauren Stewart

We think that this is far too narrow, and even just being immersed in our very musical world engenders people with a very sophisticated level of musicality that they probably aren't even aware of. So if people can choose the right music for a social occasion, know how music affects their moods and emotions - we say that that's already a sophisticated skill.

Yvonne: Dr Lauren Stewart says our view of what makes someone musical is too narrow – it's just too limited. So many people who don't play a musical instrument or haven't had formal music training could actually be really musical too.

Rob: Mm, and she also says that we're 'immersed' in a 'very musical world' – we're surrounded by lots of music – and that can also make us musical.

Yvonne: I agree with her. We do live in a very musical world. Even the BBC Learning English office is musical – think of all those musical ring tones on our mobile phones.

Rob: Yes, they can be great fun – but they can also be very annoying too! Anyway, Dr Stewart says all that music helps to engender us with music skills – music skills that become a natural part of who we are.

Yvonne: We also heard how lots of us probably have a very sophisticated, or advanced, level of musicality, but we don't even know – we're not aware of it. Rob, can you tell us how Dr Stewart explains 'musicality' please?

Rob: Mm, certainly. Well, a part of musicality is an understanding of how music can change the way we feel – how it can affect our moods and emotions. And it takes a sophisticated level of musicality to be able to choose music for a social occasion, such as a wedding.

Yvonne: So being musical isn't only about playing an instrument, getting the beat, all of that kind of stuff. And even if we think we're tone-deaf – totally incapable of humming a few notes in a tune – we may still do quite well on that test.

Rob: That's good to know! So we'll have a go later on then, Yvonne?

Yvonne: Definitely!

Rob: But I wonder whether some people are simply born musically gifted?

Yvonne: Well, that's what the scientists running the project hope to find out. And as BBC Radio 3 presenter Petroc Trelawny explains, there's also another reason why they want as many people as possible to take that online test…

Insert 3: Petroc Trelawny

Actually, maybe it'll debunk some of the myths about music being frightening and alarming. I think people are often put off by classical music because they think they're gonna make a fool of themselves. This, hopefully, will prove that we've all got it in us.

Yvonne: So Petroc Trelawny hopes the test results will prove that we're all born with musical abilities. But he also hopes the test will debunk some of the myths – the stories that aren't true - about music being frightening and alarming. Rob, what does Petroc mean by 'debunk'?

Rob: He means to destroy and break down the ideas that make people afraid of music, especially classical music. And I agree that many people are put off by classical music – they don't even listen to it - partly because they think they won't understand it.

Yvonne: And that's a real shame, isn't it? Because I think it's perfectly possible to listen to music that's totally new to us or isn't from our own culture, and still enjoy it in our own way. Now, earlier Rob, I asked you whether two pieces of music you'd listened to were the same or different. Here's a brief reminder of what you heard:

Insert 4: Extract from BBC Learning English music test

Rob: I do think they're different.

Yvonne: And Rob, you were wrong.

Rob: Oh dear, I'm a failure!

Yvonne: Sorry. No! You're still musical in my eyes.

Rob: That's good!

Yvonne: So, why not go to BBC Radio 3's website to find out how musical you are? Join us again soon for more "6 Minute English".

Both: Goodbye!

词汇学习:

1. the pitch 音高

2. the key 音调

3. too narrow 太窄

4. immersed 沉湎于

5. engenders 产生

6. a sophisticated skill 一个精细的技巧

7. ring tones 手机铃声

8. tone-deaf 音痴,乐盲

9. debunk 揭露,拆穿……的假面具

10. myths 神话

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