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BBC六分钟英语听力精选:Literacy heroes文坛英雄

Cherie207 于2014-09-12发布 l 已有人浏览
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大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是文坛英雄的话题。
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Literacy heroes

文坛英雄

我们越来越多的人喜欢读书,并且知道读书有很多益处。正因为如此,联合国教科文组织宣布每年的9月8日为世界读书日。

在本周的节目里,我们会听到“文坛英雄”这个术语,这是用来称呼鼓励更多的人享受阅读的乐趣的人。

Rob和Finn也会和大家一起讨论下阅读是怎样帮助坐牢的人们的?

本周问题:

世界上最长的一本著作是由马塞尔•普鲁斯特在法国编制完成的,英文翻译为《追忆似水年华》。你是否知道这本书大概有多少字吗?有:

a) 267,000

b) 1,267,000

c) 10,267,000

让我们一起听节目,找答案吧。

听力内容:

Literacy heroes

NB: This is not a word-for-word transcript

Rob: Hello I'm Rob. Welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm joined today by Finn. Hello Finn.

Finn: Hi Rob.

Rob: Today we're talking about literacy – that means the ability to read and write. And one way to improve your literacy is to read books and literature in general.

Finn: Yes, reading is good for you – and it can be educational – so you can learn things – but of course it's enjoyable too, isn't it Rob?

Rob: Well, it depends on what you're reading. But you sound like a fan of books Finn, could we say you're a bookworm – that's a person who reads a lot?

Finn: Yes, well, I do. I'm reading a book at the moment on the way to work every day and it's very exciting.

Rob: Well, I also like to read books but the problem is there are so many books available, it's difficult knowing which one to choose. Anyway, soon we'll be talking about some people who've been awarded for promoting – or encouraging – the love of reading.

Finn: Yes, and we'll be using some book-related vocabulary.

Rob: But let's start with a question for you Finn. It's about one of the world's longest books which is in French, and it's by Marcel Proust, and translated into English it's called Remembrance of Things Past. So, do you know approximately how many words that book contains? Is it:

a) 267,000

b) 1,267,000

c) 10,267,000

Finn: I know this is a very long book. I think it's in several volumes. I'm going to say b) 1,267,000.

Rob: OK. Have you read it?

Finn: No.

Rob: We'll find out if you are right or wrong later on. So let's talk more about literacy. I think we all know that learning to read has many benefits – many good things that help us. But what inspires us, or encourages us to read?

Finn: Well, I suppose there were our parents and our school teachers – and then we have the authors – the people who write the books. A good author can really capture your imagination and make you read their stories. Which authors do you like, Rob?

Rob: Well, as a child, I loved Roald Dahl, who wrote stories like Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. Now, that was fiction – imaginary stories – not based on real people. Now I like travel stories, such as ones by American travel writer, Paul Theroux.

Finn: Yes and he also writes novels so we could also call him a novelist.

Rob: Now, you may have heard of J.K. Rowling. She wrote the Harry Potter books. She is one author who was recently recognised for improving people's love of reading. The UK's National Literacy Trust named her a 'literacy hero' for "turning a generation of children into readers".

Finn: Another 'literacy hero' was the actor Henry Winkler, who has dyslexia – that's a condition where your brain makes it hard to read certain words. He has written books about a boy with learning difficulties.

Rob: Now, not all the 'heroes' are authors. The Trust also honoured schoolchildren, a librarian and teachers for their efforts in trying to get people to read.

Finn: Yes, reading can also help in other ways. Recently, the former world champion boxer, Mike Tyson said he read books by Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky when he was in prison.

Rob: Well, author, Pat Winslow, who worked as a writer in prisons explains why reading and understanding books is a good thing. What words does she use to describe how they looked at characters – that's the people – in a book?

Pat Winslow, author

When I was working in prison, very often we would have discussions about the moral compass of a character, what was the motivation of somebody, why did they behave that way? And when people were writing as well, they were actually reflecting on themselves and reflecting on their own patterns of behaviour.

Rob: So she says she discussed stories with prisoners – and one of things they looked at was the moral compass of the characters. That's a natural feeling someone has that makes them know what is wrong and what it is right.

Finn: They also discussed characters' motivation – what made them do things a certain way. And this helped prisoners look at what they themselves had done and what they should do in the future.

Rob: So there's an example of how reading can help. Now Finn, have you had any help in answering today's question?

Finn: No Rob. It was a complete guess, Rob!

Rob: Well, earlier I said the world's longest book is called, in English, Remembrance of Things Past by Marcel Proust. Did you know approximately how many words it contained? Was it:

a) 267,000

b) 1,267,000

c) 10,267,000

Finn: Rob, I really have no idea so I'm going to go for b) the middle option.

Rob: Which means you were right. It is 1,267,000 words.

Finn: That's nothing. A novella. A short novel!

Rob: The first volume of this 13-volume book was published in 1913 and contained 9,600,000 characters – I don't mean people, but letters.

Finn: I just googled it and found the name in French – À la recherche du temps perdu.

Rob: Well done! Well, we hope you've enjoyed today's programme. Please join us again soon for another 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English.

Both: Bye.

词汇学习:

1. literacy 读写能力;有文化;精通文学

2. bookworm 书虫

3. inspires 鼓励,激励

4. authors 作者

5. capture your imagination 捕捉你的想象力

6. fiction 小说

7. novelist 小说家

8. dyslexia 失读症,阅读障碍

9. librarian 图书管理员

10. characters 特征,特点

11. moral compass 道德指南针

12. motivation 动机

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