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BBC六分钟英语听力精选: Watt's workshop 瓦特的工作坊

Cherie207 于2014-09-18发布 l 已有人浏览
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大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是瓦特的工作坊的话题。
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Watt's workshop

瓦特的工作坊

今天,Alice和Stephen将会在节目中说到苏格兰的发明家——詹姆斯•瓦特,他是工业革命中一个很重要的人物。瓦特的工作坊曾经重修过,作为伦敦博物馆的一个展览项目。

本周问题:

你能根据时间顺序,从最早的到最后的把以下四个发明排列好吗?

热气球,摩斯密码,吸尘器和打字机。

让我们一起来听节目,找答案吧。

听力内容:

Watt’s workshop

NB: This is not a word for word transcript

Alice: Hello, I'm Alice.

Stephen: And I'm Stephen.

Alice: And this is 6 Minute English! This week we’re talking about an inventor’s workshop which has been reassembled after almost 200 years.

Stephen: Reassembled – reconstructed or rebuilt.

Alice: This is the workshop of James Watt, an inventor born in Scotland in 1736. He’s often credited with inventing the steam engine – though in actual fact, he improved on one which had already been developed. He’s seen as a key figure in the Industrial Revolution. But anyway Stephen, before we find out more I’ve got a question for you.

Stephen: Ok – I’m feeling clever today!

Alice: Oh, well, in that case here’s a difficult one. Can you put these four inventions in chronological order - that’s the oldest one first? Ready?

Stephen: Ok.

Alice: The hot air balloon, Morse code, the vacuum cleaner and the typewriter.

Stephen: That’s hard. I’m going to have to think about that and get back to you!

Alice: Ok, good. So, let’s talk about today’s topic. Curators at the Science Museum in London have reassembled the workshop of 18th century inventor James Watt, so people can see what it was like. Here’s the BBC’s science correspondent, Tom Fielden:

Insert 1: Tom Fielden

When Watt died in 1819, this workshop was locked up and its contents left pretty much undisturbed until the 1920s when it was more or less picked up lock, stock and barrel by the Science Museum and put into storage. It’s been a long wait, but the contents, a regular cornucopia of gadgets, tools, contraptions, you name it, have all been painstakingly reassembled here in the main hall of the Science Museum. I think, really, it’s its spiritual home if nowhere else.

Alice: Watt’s workshop was locked up after his death in 1819 but curators from the Science Museum in London collected all the things they found there, lock, stock and barrel.

Stephen: Lock, stock and barrel – those are the three parts of an old-fashioned gun. It’s a term that’s used in English to mean everything. They took everything in the workshop and put it in storage.

Alice: Tom Fielden says Watt’s workshop was a relative cornucopia of gadgets, tools and contraptions.

Stephen: A relative cornucopia – a cornucopia in classical mythology is a horn full of food and drink. But in modern English it’s often used to mean a collection of wonderful things.

Alice: In this case, a cornucopia of gadgets, tools and scientific contraptions. Tom Fielden says that Watt’s workshop has found its spiritual home at London’s Science Museum.

Stephen: Its spiritual home – a place where it feels very comfortable.

Alice: The Curator of Mechanical Engineering at the Science Museum, Ben Russell, says the workshop is full of inventions and interesting objects – bits of machinery, engines, sculptures and musical instruments. He says it is a treasure trove.

Stephen: A treasure trove – full of wonderful, valuable things.

Insert 2: Ben Russell

It’s an absolutely astonishing… it’s a treasure trove, really. We actually counted 8,430 objects, and it’s a complete physical record of Watt’s entire working life and interests, going back to the 1750s. So it’s unparalleled anywhere. But really what the workshop does, it shows the engine, and there are some fragments about the engine, but it shows a lot of his other projects as well, from chemistry to pottery, instrument making, even musical instrument making. So it shows how diverse a bloke he was.

Alice: Curator Ben Russell says the workshop is unparalleled anywhere. It’s unique. It shows that Watt was interested in lots of different things – not only steam engines but other inventions. The workshop shows what a diverse bloke he was.

Stephen: A diverse bloke indeed – that’s a conversational way of saying he was a wellrounded man. He had lots of interests.

Alice: Here’s Andrew Nahum, the Curator of Innovation Curator at London’s Science Museum:

Insert 3: Andrew Nahum

He didn’t just do steam, as Ben said, he was a chemist, he was a potter, he built bridges and harbours and canals. He was, if you like, a one man innovation centre.

Alice: Andrew Nahum says James Watt didn’t just ‘do steam’.

Stephen: He wasn’t interested in just one thing - steam - but lots of other things.

Alice: He was a chemist, a potter and he built bridges, harbours and canals. Andrew Nahum uses a nice phrase to describe him - he was a one man innovation centre.

Stephen: A one man innovation centre – a man full of ideas and inventions.

Alice: And the improvements he made to the steam engine led the way to developing sophisticated machinery. OK, Stephen, have you had a chance to think about my invention question?

Stephen : OK, this is very hard, so I’m going to try: hot air balloon, typewriter, Morse code and then vacuum cleaner.

Alice: Stephen, you’re brilliant! (Alice and Stephen laugh) Hot air balloon, developed in the 1780s, typewriter, 1830, Morse code, 1832 and the vacuum cleaner in 1860. Though the one on 1860 wasn’t electronic – that came a bit later. So, you’ve done so well – will you read the words and phrases we’ve had today?

Stephen: Sure:

inventor

workshop

credited

chronological order

cornucopia

treasure trove

Alice: Thanks very much, Stephen.

Stephen: You’re welcome.

Alice: Well, that’s all we have time for today, and we’ll have more 6 Minute English next time.

Both: Bye!

词汇学习:

1. inventor 发明家

2. workshop 工作室,工作坊

3. credited 被认为;记入

4. chronological order 时间顺序

5. cornucopia 聚宝盆

6. treasure trove 宝藏,宝物

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