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BBC六分钟英语听力精选: London skyline 伦敦天际

Cherie207 于2014-09-18发布 l 已有人浏览
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大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是伦敦天际 的话题。
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140918104239_london_skyline_470x150_bbc.jpg

London skyline

伦敦天际

你喜欢摩天大楼吗?你愿意住在满是高楼大厦的城市里吗?在经历了一段没有摩天大楼的时光之后,现在越来越多的大楼出现成为了伦敦天际。

那个时候,有些人很喜欢这些摩天大厦,也喜欢为这些高楼起昵称,例如小黄瓜、对讲机和干酪刨丝器,很多伦敦市民都担心城市这种楼层发展的新趋势。

今天,我们将加入Rob和Neil一起学习更多有趣的事情以及与城镇和楼层有关的词汇。

本周问题:

圣保罗大教堂是在哪一年建好的呢?在:

a) 1508年

b) 1608年

c) 1708年

让我们一起听节目,找答案吧。

听力内容:

London skyline

NB: This is not a word-for-word transcript

Rob: Hello, I’m Rob. Welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m joined today by Neil.

Neil: Hi there Rob. Yes, I'm Neil.

Rob: Now Neil, tell me, when you think of skyscrapers – the very tall, thin buildings – which cities do you think of?

Neil: Oh, well, probably New York, Shanghai, and perhaps Dubai...

Rob: Well, London is also the home to a growing number of skyscrapers – with nicknames like the Gherkin, the Walkie Talkie and the Cheese Grater – but not everyone likes them… Do you like them, Neil?

Neil: Well, I like the nicknames – I think they're very fun. And actually, I quite like the buildings too – they're quirky – which means unusual, odd, in a nice way.

Rob: Yeah, I agree. But, today we'll be talking about why many people are unhappy about these new skyscrapers, and learning some language about towns and buildings. But first…

Neil: But first, a question, Rob.

Rob: Oh yes, of course! For many years, the tallest building in London was St Paul's Cathedral. But when was it built? Was it completed in:

a) 1508

b) 1608

c) 1708

Neil: Well, I think… I think that it was c) 1708.

Rob: Well, we'll find out if you're right, or wrong, at the end of the programme… Well, let's start our discussion with that very building – St Paul's Cathedral in central London.

Neil: We're going to hear from BBC reporter Jonathan Savage. Which adjective does he use to describe the height of St Paul's, and which word does he use to say that it now seems much smaller than the skyscrapers nearby?

BBC reporter, Jonathan Savage:

This is St Paul's Cathedral in central London. It's a modest 111 metres high, but for nearly 300 years it was the tallest building in this city. Now, it is dwarfed by nearby skyscrapers, many of which have sprung up in just the last few years. They've got irreverently British nicknames like the Gherkin, the Cheese Grater and the Walkie Talkie.

Neil: So, we heard those three skyscrapers again – but what about St Paul's? He said it was a modest 111 metres high. Modest here means not large in size or amount – it means it's only 111 metres.

Rob: That was the adjective. And the other word we asked you to listen out for was dwarfed. St Paul's is dwarfed by the nearby skyscrapers. If something dwarfs another thing, it makes it seem small in comparison.

Neil: Yes, and this has happened recently. He says the new buildings have sprung up in the last few years. When he says they've sprung up, he means they've suddenly appeared – and it's often used to talk about buildings.

Rob: And he also used a great word to talk about those nicknames – he said they were irreverently British nicknames – if something is irreverent, it doesn't show the respect you might expect for official things, and often treats serious subjects in quite a fun, jokey way.

Neil: By calling them irreverently British, he suggests that being irreverent is quite typically British! Now, Rob, you're quite typically British but are you irreverent?

Rob: I think I am. I joke about everything! But, whether these nicknames are respectful or not, as I mentioned, many people are not happy with these tall new buildings. What reasons does Jonathan Savage give?

BBC reporter, Jonathan Savage:

They are not universally popular. Some say they obstruct sightlines of old-fashioned landmarks like this one; that they threaten London's cultural identity; that they're just plain ugly. A group of high-profile Londoners, politicians, artisans and academics are now campaigning to halt this incoming tide. They say more than 200 more skyscrapers are being thoughtlessly thrown up across London.

Rob: OK, so, what were their reasons? They said they obstruct sightlines – they block the views of some older landmarks.

Neil: They also threaten London's cultural identity – and some think they're just plain ugly. Using the word 'plain' in this context emphasises the adjective that follows. Just plain ugly – means: very ugly.

Rob: Indeed, well that's the opinion of this group, but not of all Londoners. Nonetheless, they're working to halt – or to stop – the incoming tide of new skyscrapers. An incoming tide is the rise of the sea that happens every day, which makes it come further into the land. A strong image – and a lovely idiom to use when something is happening more and more.

Neil: Yes, earlier we heard the phrasal verb 'spring up'. Which similar phrasal verb was used by the reporter?

BBC reporter, Jonathan Savage:

They say more than 200 more skyscrapers are being thoughtlessly thrown up across London.

Rob: Thrown up. If something is thrown up, it's made quickly and without a lot of care.

Neil: But be careful – to 'throw up' also has a different meaning – which is to vomit or be sick! Rob, have you got a head for heights?

Rob: I've certainly got a head for heights and it doesn't make me sick being up high.

Neil: Well, in that case you are unlikely to throw up from the top of one of these buildings!

Rob: Indeed, well, back to the ground level to answer today's question! Earlier I asked you when St Paul's Cathedral was finished. Was it in 1508, 1608 or 1708?

Neil: And I said 1708.

Rob: OK. And you were right. They actually started building it back in 1675.

Neil: Ah yes, not too long after the Great Fire of London in 1666, which is why they had to rebuild it.

Rob: Thank you Neil, and thank you everyone for listening. Do join us again next time for more 6 Minute English. Bye.

Neil: Goodbye.

词汇学习:

1. quirky 古怪的,离奇的

2. modest 谦逊的;适度的

3. dwarfed 使矮小;矮小的

4. sprung up 如雨后春笋般涌现;突起

5. irreverently 不逊地;不敬地

6. obstruct 妨碍;阻塞

7. plain 平的;简单的;朴素的;清楚地

8. tide 趋势

9. thrown up 呕吐;产生;匆匆建造

10. (to have) a head for heights 有一个头的高度

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