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BBC六分钟英语听力精选: Blood血型

Cherie207 于2014-09-20发布 l 已有人浏览
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大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是血型的话题。
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Blood

血型

我们身上流淌的鲜血是否能决定我们的个性呢?

今天,Callum和Jennifer将会在节目中说说血型的话题,以及在某些国家里,大家有多相信血型对一个人性格的影响的重要?

本周问题:

哪一年开始使用字母A, AB, B, 和O给血型进行分类的呢?

a) 1899年

b) 1909年

c) 1919年

d) 1929年

让我们一起听节目,找答案吧。

听力内容:

Blood

Callum: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. I’m Callum.

Jennifer: And I’m Jennifer.

Callum: Now Jennifer, how squeamish are you?

Jennifer: Squeamish?

Callum: Yes, squeamish. For example, how do you feel when you see blood?

Jennifer: Well it depends on whether it’s mine or not! But generally I don’t have a problem with the sight of blood, why?

Callum: Well the topic of today’s programme is blood and in particular how in some countries, particularly in Asia, your blood type can play an important part in your life. Do you know what your blood group, also called your blood type, is?

Jennifer: I think that I’m blood type O but I can’t remember for sure. Do you know?

Callum: Er, I haven’t the foggiest idea what my blood type is. Do you actually know what the main groups are though?

Jennifer: Well I certainly know that O is one of them and I think A too. Erm, not sure about the rest.

Callum: Well there’s A, AB, B and O are the four main classifications. I mean I’m no doctor, no scientist but that’s what I understand are the main classifications. And before we explore this topic a little more here’s your question. When were these four blood groups first classified with the names, A, AB, B and O? Was it:

1899, 1909, 1919 or 1929

Jennifer: Well I imagine they’ve been around for quite some time so I will say 1899.

Callum: OK, we’ll find out if you’re right at the end of the programme.

Our World Service colleague Ruth Evans has made a fascinating programme about the topic of blood groups and how they are used by some people in Japan. Here she is describing the importance of blood groups. Of course blood and blood groups are important in medicine and science, but what other areas does she say blood groups can influence? Here’s Ruth Evans.

Ruth Evans

Here in Japan blood isn’t just important for medicine and science, it’s also got big implications for life, work and love.

Callum: So Jennifer, as well as medicine and science, what else can blood type influence?

Jennifer: She says that blood can be important to life, work and love. I can see how blood is important to life – we all need blood – but I’m not sure how it is connected to work and love.

Callum: Well let’s listen to a bit more from Ruth, she goes on to explain the connection.

Ruth Evans

Here in Japan blood isn’t just important for medicine and science, it’s also got big implications for life, work and love. “What’s your blood type?” is often a key question in everything from matchmaking to getting a job.

Callum: She says “What’s your blood type?” is a key question. What does she mean by that – a ‘key’ question?

Jennifer: A ‘key’ question is an important question. She says blood type is important to ‘matchmaking and getting a job’.

Callum: Matchmaking?

Jennifer: Yes, finding a boyfriend or girlfriend.

Callum: Mmm, not very romantic is it? You can imagine the situation, you’re out a bar, you meet someone, you say: “Hi, would you like a drink? Would you like to dance? What’s your blood type? ”

Jennifer: Well I’ve definitely never had that chat-up line before. It’s not really very romantic, no.

Callum: Let’s listen to some more of Ruth who explains why blood types are important.

Ruth Evans

“What’s your blood type?” is often a key question in everything from matchmaking to getting a job. A person’s blood type is popularly believed to determine temperament and personality.

Callum: She says that blood type is popularly believed to determine temperament and personality. Tell us about temperament.

Jennifer: Your temperament describes your natural character – whether you are usually cheerful, pessimistic, friendly, reserved, outgoing and so on. And Ruth says that in Japan blood type is popularly believed to determine – or decide – your temperament. I think the phrase ‘popularly believed’ is interesting here.

Callum: Why’s that?

Jennifer: Well if you say that something is ‘popularly believed’ it means that it’s not a proven scientific fact – it’s just something that a lot of people believe, even if there is no real evidence for it.

Callum: Let’s listen to all of Ruth again.

Ruth Evans Here in Japan blood isn’t just important for medicine and science, it’s also got big implications for life, work and love. “What’s your blood type?” is often a key question in everything from matchmaking to getting a job. A person’s blood type is popularly believed to determine temperament and personality.

Callum: Do you think there is something to this? Do you think your blood type can determine your personality?

Jennifer: I think it’s a really interesting question. I think it could be possible. What about you? What do you think?

Callum: Do you want a diplomatic answer?

Jennifer: I think that’s best!

Callum: Personally I’m a sceptic. I find it hard to believe that my character could be determined by the blood that flows around my body. But then I don’t believe in astrology either – that the position of the stars and planets in the sky when you are born can determine your temperament or personality. It seems to me these are quite similar theories, neither of which has any scientific background – yet are popularly believed in different parts of the world.

Anyway, it’s nearly time for us to go – but before that it’s time to get the answer to this week’s question. The question was: In what year were blood groups described with the groupings A, AB, B and O? And Jennifer you chose?

Jennifer: 1899

Callum: And the correct answer was, in fact, actually, 1909. But just a stab in the dark, you were right it was quite, quite early on. For now, that’s all from this week’s 6 Minute English. Thank you very much Jennifer.

Jennifer: You’re welcome

Callum: Goodbye.

Jennifer: Bye.

词汇学习:

1. to be squeamish 晕血

2. to not have the foggiest idea about something 对某事没有一点概念

3. a key question 关键问题

4. matchmaking 婚介;媒人;牵线搭桥

5. a chat-up line 开场白

6. temperament 气质;性情

7. a diplomatic answer 巧妙答复

8. a sceptic 怀疑者;质疑者 Multi-million dollar sound

百万之声

由斯特拉迪瓦里家族在十七到十八世纪之间制作的小提琴价值数百万美元。为什么它们会如此特别呢?

在今天的6分钟英语里,Alice和Neil会聊聊音质的话题,以及学习一些形容音质的词汇。

本周问题:

Alice问Neil词汇“timbre(音色,音质)”出自哪里?是:

a) Russian 俄罗斯

b) Italian 意大利

c) French 法国

让我们一起听节目,找答案吧。

听力内容:

Multi-million dollar violin

Alice: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English: the programme in which we talk about a story in the news and learn some vocabulary while we’re doing it. I’m Alice and joining me today is Neil. Hi there, Neil.

Neil: Hi Alice.

Alice: Now, Neil I know you’re very musical – but can you spot a multi-million dollar violin when you hear one?

Neil: A multi-million dollar violin? So, that’s a musical instrument which costs several million US dollars? Who’s got that kind of money to spend on an instrument?

Alice: Somebody with lots and lots of money. When we talk about dollars in English, they usually mean US dollars. Anyway, let's listen to these two violins, and then tell me which sound you like the best, and which do you think is the most valuable?

Neil: OK.

The same musical scale played on two different violins

Alice: So, did you like the sound of the first violin, or the second?

Neil: Well, my perfect musical ears are telling me the second violin was the multi-million dollar one.

Alice: And was that the one you liked best?

Neil: Oh yes. Of course!

Alice: Good taste. Well done. One of the qualities which makes the sound so wonderful is what’s called timbre – the quality of the sound. And that leads me to another question, Neil. Which language does the word timbre come from originally? Is it:

a) Russian

b) Italian

c) French

Neil: Hmm. Definitely not Russian. I would be tempted to say French but most musical expressions come from Italian. So I’m going to say Italian.

Alice: Well, as usual we won’t find out the answer until the end of the programme. Let’s talk some more about violins. What makes one violin sound so much better than another?

Neil: I like that very mellow sound – a sound that that is sweet and rich.

Alice: Mellow. We talk about coffee being mellow, rich and sweet - and sound can be mellow too. What makes an instrument top of the range? The best that is on offer. Here’s Professor Tasmin Little from the Royal Academy of Music, who is also a concert violinist – a soloist.

Professor Tasmin Little:

There are two most famous and great makers. Stradivari is the most famous, but also there is Guarneri del Gesu who is also very favoured by top soloists, perhaps the instruments are more mellow in sound. But certainly, there is nothing to beat a Stradivarius, because they are just really the top of the range instruments. And I'm very, very fortunate to have this instrument on loan from the Royal Academy of Music.

Alice: So Professor Tamsin Little says there is nothing to beat a Stradivarius – it’s the top of the range.

Neil: And she’s very fortunate – very lucky to have one on loan. That means she’s borrowing the violin to play at concerts.

Alice: Yeah – as some Stradivarius violins cost several million dollars, I don’t think many musicians would be able to afford them themselves.

Neil: And what is it about violins made by the Stradivari family in 17th and 18th centuries that makes them so special?

Alice: As we’ve heard that word before, they have great timbre – the sound they make reverberates.

Neil: Reverberates – it echoes back at you. A really rich, deep sound. How did violin makers like the Stradivari family give violins that special sound quality?

Alice: Professor Little says that’s the billion dollar question. It means that’s the question that everybody would like answered. If we could only understand what gives these violins their very special quality, people would have copied the technique ages ago:

Professor Tasmin Little:

That’s the billion dollar question, isn't it – it's one that has foxed people for centuries. People have come up with all sorts of explanations. There are a few, such as: at the point when Stradivarius was choosing his wood, there had been a particularly cold spell of temperature and the trees had grown very slowly and, therefore, with more density. Apparently he used to go into forests and tap on the trees and listen to how reverberant they were and, according to the results, he would chop them down or not.

Alice: So it’s believed that violin makers chose the wood they used to make the violins for their reverberant qualities. There had been a cold spell, and the trees had grown slowly, so the wood was more dense.

Neil: Professor Tasmin Little says that’s one possibility why the violins are so special.

Alice: Now, before we go, Neil - have you had a think about the origins of the word timbre? I asked if the word came originally from French, Russian or Italian.

Neil: Well I said Italian, but judging by the way you’ve been pronouncing that word, I think I’m probably wrong!

Alice: You’re right. It’s French. Well, well done anyway. Now, time for a recap of some of the words we heard in today’s programme.

Neil: They are: multi-million, timbre, mellow, top of the range, reverberates, the billion dollar question

Alice: Join us again soon for more 6 Minute English from bbclearningenglish.com.

Neil: And don’t forget to find us on Facebook and Twitter.

Alice: Bye for now.

Neil: Bye.

词汇学习:

1. multi-million 数百万

2. timbre 音色,音质

3. mellow 富饶的;甘美的;醇香的

4. top of the range 最高水准

5. reverberates 回响的;使回响

6. the billion dollar question 非常重要的问题

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