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BBC六分钟英语听力精选: Sleeping on the job上班时间打盹能提高工作效率

Cherie207 于2014-12-11发布 l 已有人浏览
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大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是上班时间打小盹的话题。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

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Sleeping on the job

上班时间打盹能提高工作效率

在工作时间睡觉是不是好的呢?有专家认为如果我们在办公室闭目养神一小段时间,工作效率会大大提高。因此,是时候让老板们在办公室提供休息的地方呢?

Rob和Finn将会在节目中与大家一起说说在上班时间打盹的好处。

本周问题:

当前任英国首相玛格丽特•撒切尔任职时,她每天工作都会打盹一小会儿。你知道她一晚上睡多少个小时吗?

a) 3小时

b) 4小时

c) 5小时

听力内容:

Rob: Hello I'm Rob. Welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm joined today by Finn. Hello Finn.

Finn: ...

Rob: Finn? …Hello Finn?

Finn: Oh sorry Rob, you caught me napping. It's that time of day when I need to nod off – or in other words, fall asleep.

Rob: Well, sleeping on the job – or sleeping at work - is no bad thing – and I hope today's programme will wake you up to the idea that sleeping in the workplace might be a good thing.

Finn: Oh really! That's good to hear. I would have thought that sleeping at work was against the rules.

Rob: Not in every office, Finn, and I'll tell you why soon as well as explaining some sleep-related vocabulary. But now you're wide awake, how about a question?

Finn: OK, let's hear it.

Rob: When the former British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, was in power, she did her job with very little sleep. Do you know how many hours of sleep she is said to have had each night?

a) Three hours

b) Four hours

c) Five hours

Finn: I always thought she got by, she managed her job, with just four hours of sleep a night.

Rob: Not much, is it? We'll find out if you are right or wrong later. I'm not sure if she chose not to sleep for long or she just wasn't able to sleep for long. Someone who can't sleep is called an insomniac.

Finn: And I'm certainly not an insomniac. I enjoy sleeping all night and some of the day too. And Rob, you said napping during the day is a good thing?

Rob: It's always nice to have a short sleep – or what I call 40 winks – during the day, but when you're at work this can be a problem. In some companies, like Google and the Huffington Post, workplace naps are positively encouraged. They're seen as a way to make staff more productive.

Finn: So you mean they work harder and are more creative because a power-nap – a quick sleep – makes workers feel refreshed and more alert. I like the sound of this!

Rob: An Australian health writer called Thea O'Connor, is a founder of a campaign called Nap Now which is trying to make sleeping at work more acceptable. She calls herself a 'naptivist'! Let's hear from her now. What does she say is stopping us from doing this? Thea O'Connor, health writer and speaker:

I think that our culture is a bit crazy not to embrace it, and one of the reasons we don't is our attitude, you know it's quite counter-cultural to do nothing in order to get ahead. I just really see that it's time to disrupt the prevailing work ethic which is all about work longer and harder.

Finn: Right, so she wants us to embrace – to accept – the idea of a workplace power-nap. But it is our attitude – the way we think about work – that stops society from accepting this.

Rob: Yes, she explains that it is counter-cultural – so going against the normal way of thinking – to actually do nothing and have a snooze.

Finn: That's why she is trying to change – or disrupt – our current work ethic of working longer and harder. She believes this doesn't necessarily bring better results. But Rob, is this idea just a fad – something that's popular for a short while?

Rob: Maybe, but research has certainly shown that good quantity and quality of sleep is important for our wellbeing. A few years ago research by the East of England Development Agency found 30% of people have their best ideas in bed compared to just 11% who have them at their desk. It called for companies to install beds in the workplace.

Finn: Well, there aren't any in our office yet Rob. I think putting beds or areas for naps in the office would help us workers feel more able to rest and recharge our minds.

Rob: An alternative idea would be to change our working hours. The UK's Sleep Council claims the nine-to-five work culture does not fit into the natural sleeping pattern of the human race and bosses need to introduce a more sleep-friendly working day.

Finn: That sounds like a siesta to me - a short period of sleep in the middle of the day that people in warm places like Spain often have.

Rob: My problem with a siesta is that if I have a sleep in the afternoon I'd never wake up!

Finn: Well before you nod off now Rob, could you please tell me the answer to today's question.

Rob: Yes. I asked you if you knew how many hours of sleep the former British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, is said to have had each night? Three, four or five hours?

Finn: I said four hours Rob.

Rob: You are right. It has often been said she needed just four hours of sleep – only on weekdays, not weekends. Well before you have another power-nap, could you remind us of some of the vocabulary we've heard today:

Finn: Yes, we heard:

napping

nod off

sleeping on the job

insomniac

40 winks

power-nap

naptivist

attitude

counter-cultural

work ethic

wellbeing

nine-to-five

siesta

Rob: Thanks. We hope you've enjoyed today's programme. Please join us again soon for another 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English.

Both: Bye.

词汇学习:

1. napping 午睡,小睡

2. (to) nod off 打盹

3. sleeping on the job 偷懒,打瞌睡

4. insomniac 失眠症患者

5. 40 winks(不正式地)打盹

6. power-nap 睡懒觉

7. naptivist 提倡午休的人

8. attitude 态度,意见

9. counter-cultural 反主流文化

10. work ethic 职业道德理论

11. wellbeing 幸福,福利

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