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BBC六分钟英语听力精选: Cigarettes v e-cigarettes 电子烟的前世今生

Cherie207 于2015-01-10发布 l 已有人浏览
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大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是电子烟的话题。
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Cigarettes v e-cigarettes

电子烟的前世今生

世界卫生组织建议应该禁止在封闭的公共场合下吸电子烟,因为电子烟很可能会危害到不吸烟者的健康。

Rob和Finn会在节目里讨论有关这个很多吸烟者用来戒烟的新设计所带来的危害。让我们一起听节目吧。

本周话题:

听力内容:

Cigarettes v e-cigarettes

NB: This is not a word-for-word transcript

Rob: Hello I'm Rob. Welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm joined today by Finn.

Finn: Hello.

Rob: Today we are going to talk about electronic cigarettes – also called e-cigarettes – and teach you words that will help you to discuss the subject or understand news about it. Let's start by asking you Finn, do you smoke?

Finn: No, I don't Rob. Although sometimes the smoke from other people's cigarettes makes me cough (coughs a bit) – like that.

Rob: Yes, it's because you are a secondary smoker – in other words, you're someone who doesn't smoke but breathes in the smoke from someone else's cigarette. And this smoke is very harmful to your health. So, here is today's question, Finn.

Finn: Go ahead.

Rob: According to the World Health Organisation, there are more than 4,000 chemicals in cigarette smoke. How many of these are known to be harmful to our health? Is it at least:

a) 50

b) 150

c) 250

Finn: Rob, you know, I honestly have no idea. Let's say c) 250.

Rob: Always the pessimist! Well, you'll get the answer at the end of the programme. Some estimates say there are more than a million people using e-cigarettes just in the UK. But these devices might not be very safe for secondary smokers …

Finn: Really? I thought they were OK because they produce vapour – that's water in the form of gas – rather than the smoke full of harmful chemicals that you get in ordinary cigarettes.

Rob: Well, the World Health Organisation is not convinced e-cigarettes are any safer to secondary smokers. It has recommended a ban on the use of electronic cigarettes indoors and their sale to people under 18 years old.

Finn: A ban? In other words, they don't want them to be permitted indoors anymore? Well, I know that e-cigarettes work by heating liquid nicotine – nicotine is the substance in tobacco which makes it addictive. And it turns this into vapour which is then breathed in by the smoker. I thought because it was just vapour, and therefore OK for non-smokers too.

Rob: Well, you see, it's vapour with some chemicals in it. And experts fear it could have similar effects to the smoke produced by ordinary cigarettes. Listen to what Professor John Ashton has to say. He's from the Faculty of Public Health here in the UK. Which words does he use to describe the use of e-cigarettes for an extended period of time?

INSERT

Professor John Ashton, from the Faculty of Public Health in the UK:

There are scientists in America who've been studying second-hand effects of tobacco smoke who are raising these issues now about the e-cigarettes. And we really can't allow these things to get established before we know what the long-term effects are going to be.

Finn: He talks about long-term effects. And he means that the constant use of e-cigarettes for an extended period of time might cause harm which we are not aware of yet.

Rob: You can't light up a cigarette in a pub or bar anymore. It was the effect of people's cigarette smoke on others that led to the ban on ordinary cigarettes in Britain. Private companies and the authorities are keen not to risk bringing back any kind of smoking to closed spaces in public places.

Finn: This is likely to annoy many smokers who have been moving to electronic cigarettes in an attempt to cut down on nicotine or even to quit smoking.

Rob: Yes, many people want to quit smoking – stop smoking – at once. And they find it easier to do this if they can use e-cigarettes. In the last few decades smokers have been feeling persecuted.

Finn: Well, there's a lot of pressure for them to quit the habit.

Rob: Listen to this smoker who uses e-cigarettes. He's in a pub in Bristol. Which word does he use to talk about the harm certain things do to children?

INSERT

Bristol pub, male customer:

We react to absolutely everything in this world. What we'll gonna have eventually though is 'no drinking beer' in pubs because it's damaging for children to watch it happening.

Finn: He uses the word 'damaging', meaning harmful. He complains that there's an overreaction to things like cigarettes and alcohol.

Rob: Yes. An 'overreaction' means responding to something in a way which is more forceful than required. He complained that one day the authorities might end up banning people from drinking alcohol in pubs. Pubs, as we know, are bars to which most customers go to drink alcohol.

Finn: And I think he's using some irony here, maybe. Making a joke there I think.

Rob: Well, the right to smoke or not smoke generates passionate debates. But here are some facts, which might make people, who are about to light up a cigarette, think again.

Finn: Maybe.

Rob: I told you earlier in the programme that there are more than 4,000 chemicals in cigarette smoke. And I asked you how many of these are known to be harmful to health. The options were: at least 50, 150 or 250?

Finn: I said 250 – is it as many as that Rob?

Rob: It is as many as that. Yes, at least 250, according to the World Health Organisation website. It says that more than 50 chemicals in tobacco smoke are known to cause cancer. Any amount of second hand tobacco smoke is thought to be unsafe and second hand smoke causes more than 600,000 early deaths per year. Well, as we're nearly at the end of the programme let's just remember some of the words we used today, Finn.

Finn: OK. We heard:

cough

secondary smoker

ban

nicotine

long-term

quit smoking

damaging

overreaction

Rob: Thanks Finn. Well that's it for this programme. Please join us soon again for 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English.

Both: Bye.

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