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BBC六分钟英语听力精选:Sharing economy 分享型经济

Cherie207 于2015-01-19发布 l 已有人浏览
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大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是分享型经济的话题。
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Sharing economy

分享型经济

需要更多外快吗?那为什么不把空的房间出租呢?或者出租自己的专用车道给别人?很多网站把人们聚集起来做着称之为“分享型经济”的事情。

Rob和Finn今天会在节目中聊到这种经济发展的新趋势以及学习相关的赚钱词汇。

听力内容:

Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript

Finn: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Finn, and Rob's here too.

Rob: Yes, hello.

Finn: Hi. Rob - tell me - do you have a spare room in your house?

Rob: Absolutely not. We're full to capacity in our house.

Finn: And what about a driveway for your car?

Rob: A driveway - so you mean a parking space off the road at my house? Not exactly a driveway, but yes I do have a parking space, yes.

Finn: Well - both of these are ways of making money in the 'sharing economy'. Interested? Well, we'll be talking about this new economy in the programme, and learning some language related to making money. But first - a question.

Rob: Great. I don't have to pay for it do I?

Finn: It's a free question. But no prize either. In February 2014, Britain's most expensive parking space went on sale, but for how much? Was it:

a) £80,000

b) £100,000

c) £400,000

Rob: Well, it's just a parking space isn't it? So I'm going to go for the lowest value: £80,000.

Finn: £80,000 - still a lot of money. We'll find out if that's the right answer at the end of the programme. But first, let's find out a bit more about this sharing economy. Rob, are you feeling the pinch?

Rob: Feeling the pinch - you mean feeling poor. Yes, I'm always feeling the pinch. So come on Finn, tell us how we can make some money.

Finn: Well, perhaps the best-known example of a company in the sharing economy is Airbnb - it's an American web business which allows you to rent out your spare room to holidaymakers.

Rob: OK. Holidaymakers - so these are people on holiday. Using your spare room as a B and B - that's a bed and breakfast?

Finn: Yes - you can provide breakfast for your guests too...

Rob: That sounds like a clever way to make a few pennies.

Finn: Yes, to make a few pennies - to make a bit of extra money.

Rob: OK well, Airbnb say they operate in 34,000 cities and have 800,000 listings of rooms and apartments. In fact, we could say they're the market-leader in this industry - the main, most successful company.

Finn: There are many companies doing very similar things. And one doing something with parking spaces is JustPark. It's a British business that lets you rent out your driveway or parking space.

Rob: Another way to make money on the side - which means to make some extra money in addition to your normal job. We're going to hear from the founder of JustPark now, Anthony Eskinazi. Where did the idea for the business come from?

Anthony Eskinazi, founder of JustPark

When I had the original idea, I spotted a driveway close to a sports stadium. It would have been so convenient if I could have just parked in that driveway rather than in a commercial car park.

Rob: So, Anthony said that he got the idea when trying to park near a stadium. He said he saw a driveway. He thought it would be more convenient to just park there than in a commercial car park - a normal one which makes money.

Finn: So he set up this site. And around 20,000 people have put their spaces on the site, and he says around half a million drivers use it.

Rob: Interestingly, a church near Kings Cross in central London has apparently made over £200,000 by renting out space in its yard to travellers!

Finn: And of course there are other sites doing very similar things, like Uber and Lyft - these let drivers share their cars with other passengers.

Rob: And there's even a company in Hong Kong which lets you share space under your umbrella when it rains!

Finn: That sounds like one for a rainy day.

Rob: Haha - an idea to store away until you need it. But I do have a question. What about the people who run things like traditional B and Bs, or commercial car parks - or taxi services - things like that? Won't they be out of pocket?

Finn: Out of pocket, yes - lose money. Many of them are out of pocket and are not happy about this. And there is another issue: regulations - or laws. Listen to the editor of Tech City News, Alex Wood. Why are regulations for these new businesses unclear?

Alex Wood, editor of Tech City News

Take the example of someone who has a driveway in their house. They've got some spare capacity there - they're looking to make some more money. But how does that affect their neighbours? How does that affect the Council and the regulation and the rules around them? Because this is a new business world, those rules aren't there yet.

Finn: Well, he says they're unclear - because the rules aren't there yet. Because it's a whole new business world.

Rob: In fact, Airbnb has had problems with the law. But, in a time when the economy is doing badly, these businesses seem to be thriving - doing really well - and provide an extra source of income for many people.

Finn: That's right. Many are benefitting from this new economy. But others are out of pocket. That's business. Rob, what about us? Could you make some money from this sharing economy? You could rent out your bike - your lovely folding bike - while you're at work?

Rob: That's a really good idea - it's kind of a downtime, the bike's not being used, so why not! Anyway - how about the answer to today's question?

Finn: Yes, earlier I asked you about the most expensive parking space ever to go on sale in London. How much was it on sale for?

Rob: Well, I had a guess and I said £80,000.

Finn: Well, you were completely wrong. It was the most expensive one: £400,000.

Rob: No way! For a parking space!

Finn: It was a space in London, in Kensington and it went on sale for £400,000, which is over twice the price of the average UK house. So very expensive! Anyway, Rob, before we go any further, how about those words again?

Rob: OK, the words we've heard today were:

driveway

feeling the pinch

holidaymakers

make a few pennies

on the side

market leader

one for a rainy day

out of pocket

regulations

thriving source of income

Finn: Thank you Rob. And that's it for today - if you want to listen to more programmes like this one, visit our site bbclearningenglish.com. Bye bye.

Rob: Bye.

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