英语四级

听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

BBC六分钟英语听力精选:Laughter is bad for you 大笑也有危害

Cherie207 于2015-01-20发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是大笑有害健康的话题。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

624.jpg

Laughter is bad for you

大笑也有危害

大笑对身体有好处,是吗?对的,大笑能够减缓愤怒、焦虑和压力,但根据英国医学期刊的一篇学术文章所说,大笑偶尔会对人们的身体产生有害的副作用。他们翻阅了700篇学术论文,并得出了一系列会由大笑引起的健康问题。

今天,Finn和Rob会说说大笑的利弊,还给大家解释与健康相关的词汇。

听力内容:

Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript

Finn: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English with me, Finn.

Neil: And me, Neil.

Finn: Neil, I'm going to tell you a joke.

Neil; OK, come on.

Finn: Which part of learning the English language are boxers best at?

Neil: Which part of English are boxers best at? I don't know.

Finn: Punch-uation (punctuation).

Neil: That's actually quite funny.

Finn: Do you really think so?

Neil: I do, yes.

Finn: Well, I'm glad I made you laugh. But you might not thank me for it after the programme.

Neil: Why's that?

Finn: Because a paper published by the British Medical Journal says that laughter is not always the best medicine, and sometimes, it can actually be harmful.

Neil: Well, in that case I definitely won't be laughing at your jokes any more! And, to be honest, it wasn't funny anyway.

Finn: Anyway, today we'll be exploring the connection between laughter and health, and looking at some health-related vocabulary. But before we get into the story, Neil: a question. You're a parent. At what age do babies begin to laugh? Is it:

a) 0-3 months

b) 3-6 months

c) 6-8 months

Neil: Right I'm pretty sure, unless my memory is very bad, that it's a) 0-3 months.

Finn: OK, well, we will find out if you're right at the end of the programme. OK, so laughter, as I said, is generally thought of as a good thing. There's a phrase I said earlier which is: laughter is the best medicine.

Neil: Yes, and talking of medicine, there are many medical studies which examine the benefits of laughter - it reduces stress, it's good for your heart, things like that. But now you're telling me it can have some negative effects?

Finn: Well, why don't we listen to Professor Robin Ferner, who is one of the authors of the research paper. How many negative effects of laughter does he mention?

INSERT

Robin Ferner, University of Birmingham

We found people with heart rhythm disturbance which had stopped their heart, we found people who had fainted, we found people whose gullets had burst, we found people who'd dislocated their jaws or burst their lungs.

Neil: Quite a few! It seems laughing can be no laughing matter!

Finn: Indeed - he mentions five problems caused by laughter, including heart rhythm disturbance, fainting, burst gullets, dislocated jaws and even burst lungs.

Neil: Some of those sound quite nasty. Fainting is when you lose consciousness and pass out; and your gullet is the tube through which food passes from the mouth to the stomach, so a burst gullet would be horrible.

Finn: I think it would be very bad! We also heard about burst lungs - lungs are the organs in your chest that you use to breathe. And - I think you'd have to be laughing really hard to do this - to get a dislocated jaw. To dislocate something is to move it out of its normal place or position, so you dis-locate it. A dislocated jaw - ouch.

Neil: Well, thankfully there is no danger of dislocated jaws with your jokes Finn!

Finn: OK! Well, in fact, these five dangers are only some that were mentioned in the study.

Neil: But surely, there must have been some positive findings?

Finn: Yes, let's listen to Professor Robin Ferner again - which health benefit does he mention?

INSERT

Robin Ferner, University of Birmingham

You actually use energy when you laugh, you move your diaphragm, you expand your lungs, and both those things can be helpful. For example, it's said that laughing for quarter of an hour will burn up 40 kcal, and if you laughed all day you'd use up about 2,000 calories.

Finn: That's more like it! Laughing can help you lose weight, because you use energy when you laugh.

Neil: In fact, quite a lot of energy: if you laughed all day you'd use 2,000 calories, which is what most people consume in a day.

Finn: He also thinks laughing makes people feel better, and it can reduce the chance of having a heart attack.

Neil: So overall - what's the story - laughing: good or bad?

Finn: Well, he says for most people, most of the time, laughing is a great thing. And well, that's good, because I like to laugh, don't you Neil?

Neil: Oh yes I do.

Finn: Earlier I asked you Neil, at what age do babies begin to laugh? Was it 0-3 months, 3-6 months or 6-8 months?

Neil: And I said 0-3 months.

Finn: Well, Neil, the answer was in fact b) 3-6 months. A little bit later! And 0-3 months, which was your answer, Neil, is when babies smile for the first time.

Neil: Well, you had the last laugh there Finn.

Finn: Very good - and if you have the last laugh it means you're successful in the end. Right, that's it for this programme. Do log on to bbclearningenglish.com for more 6 Minute English. Goodbye!

Neil: Bye.

 1 2 下一页

分享到

添加到收藏

听力节目排行