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BBC六分钟英语听力精选: Smokers to face one more ban 新禁烟令

Cherie207 于2015-01-23发布 l 已有人浏览
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大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是新禁烟令的话题。
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Smokers to face one more ban

新禁烟令

今年英国明令禁止在有孩子的车里吸烟,政府已经颁布了新法规。Rob和Neil今天谈吸烟者对于此举动的反应。

让我们一起听对话,学习新词汇。

听力内容:

Smokers to face one more ban

Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript

Neil: Hello, I'm Neil. Welcome to 6 Minute English. With me in the studio today is Rob.

Rob: Hello, Neil.

Neil: Traditionally, January is the month in which people try to make their New Year's resolutions work. Some want to get fit, others swear they will drink less alcohol and there are those who want to stop smoking.

Rob: Many people might wish to stop smoking here in England because, according to a plan, smoking in cars with children will be banned under new laws put forward by the government.

Neil: And a similar move is being discussed in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Today we're talking about this new proposal restricting where people are allowed to smoke. And you'll learn some related vocabulary so you can have your own discussion on the subject.

Rob: We usually talk about smoking as a habit – that's what we do every day without even thinking and it's difficult to give up. Well, this ban is going to cause controversy, in other words, disagreement expressed in an angry, public way.

Neil : Yes, smokers are trying hard to carry on enjoying their cigarettes. But there are a couple of places where they've already lost the battle, Rob.

Rob: And where's that?

Neil: I'm giving you a chance to tell me. Bans on smoking in cars where children are present already exist in some regions of particular countries. Is it:

a) in the French capital, Paris

b) in some US states

c) in Greece

Rob: I don't know but I'm gonna go for b) in some US states.

Neil: OK. Well, we'll have the answer to that question at the end of the programme. Now let's hear the argument in favour of a ban. Here's Dr Hilary Wareing. She is the director of the Tobacco Control Collaborating Centre, which works with the World Health Organisation.

Rob: The World Health Organisation is campaigning to discourage people from smoking. Campaigning means working in an organised and active way to achieve an objective.

Neil: Listen out for what Dr Wareing calls the smoke from other people's cigarettes.

Dr Hilary Wareing, Tobacco Control Collaborating Centre in Britain

Those children who are exposed to second-hand smoke in cars are more likely to end up going to their doctors with respiratory infections, more likely to end up going to hospital with a respiratory infection and much more likely to get a wheeze or actually have asthma through their childhood.

Rob: So Dr Wareing calls smoke from other people's cigarette second-hand smoke. Second-hand is something which has had a previous owner.

Neil: And she also mentions asthma. This is an illness you hear a lot about when people discuss the effects of tobacco smoke and pollution on people's lungs. People with asthma sometimes find it difficult to breathe. You faced this problem as a child, didn't you, Rob?

Rob: Asthma? No, but when I was a kid my brother, who was much older than me, used to smoke in the car. Now, the smell was terrible, the smoke bothered me a lot and even if I don't have asthma now, I just don't like breathing in smoke. If people want to smoke, it's their personal choice, but not near me.

Neil: The proposal under discussion here in England includes a fine of up to £50 – that's about $80 – imposed on the driver of the car if there's somebody smoking when there's a child passenger.

Rob: A fine is the money you pay as a punishment for having broken the law. And the driver is responsible, even if he is not the person smoking in the car. This will really cause some conflict.

Neil: It probably will. But it's difficult to find anyone who doesn't defend a child's right to be healthy. Children are vulnerable – vulnerable means they are exposed to harm and can't defend themselves. We have to protect them. But many smokers see this proposal with suspicion.

Rob: Yes, in the last few years, smokers have seen restrictions in their ability to smoke. In many countries they aren't allowed to smoke in closed public places like bars anymore. And cigarette packages show disturbing pictures of diseased lungs.

Neil: Smoking doesn't look so cool anymore. One of the smokers suspicious of the new ban is Hayley. This British driver said she doesn't smoke when her children are on board. But that's as far as she goes in agreeing with the ban.

Rob: What objection – I mean what reason for disagreeing – is she raising?

Neil: Listen out for the two words Hayley uses when talking about the physical area surrounding her which she feels is very personal.

Hayley, a smoker

If they are going to stop it with people in the cars with their children I completely agree with that. I completely understand where they are coming from, but to take it to the next level of stopping it even if you haven't got children in the car then I think that's a little bit beyond people's personal space, really.

Rob: Hayley talks about her personal space – it means the area around her body which she feels is hers and if invaded makes her feel uncomfortable. In this case, Hayley feels that her car is her personal space and she should be able to choose if she wants to smoke in it.

Neil: Well, it seems that enforcing this ban will be a bit of a challenge for the authorities. There's a ban on smoking inside buses but I tell you, sometimes I can smell smoke from somewhere.

Rob: They breach the law at their own peril. But other places have managed to implement the ban on smoking in cars with child passengers. So what's the answer to the question you put earlier in the programme, Neil?

Neil: Where are people not allowed by law to smoke in private cars with children on board: is it Paris, some US states or Greece?

Rob: Well, I said some US states.

Neil: And you were correct!

Rob: Oh good.

Neil: Well, the proposal here in England has yet to be voted for in Parliament and it might be implemented only by October.

Rob: So plenty of time there for a good debate.

Neil: Yes but two people who can't continue the discussion, at least for the moment, are both of us. That's because we've run out of time, Rob. Let's just remember some of the words used today.

Rob: habit

controversy

campaigning

second-hand smoke

asthma

fine

vulnerable

personal space

Neil: That's it for today. Do log on to www.bbclearningenglish.com to find more 6 Minute English programmes. Until next time. Goodbye!

Rob: Bye!

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