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BBC六分钟英语听力精选:Movie science 电影特效

Cherie207 于2015-02-27发布 l 已有人浏览
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大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是电影特效的话题。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

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Movie science

电影特效

今天Callum和William将会关注电影里面的特效问题。一部好电影是否要有一个好特效呢?他们会一起听听科学家兼作家的Sidney Perkowitz教授说说他的观点。

本周问题:

如果你处在一个空间里,发生了爆炸,你将会听到什么呢?

a) 比地球上的爆炸声音大

b) 比地球上的爆炸声音安静

c) 一点声音也没有

让我们一起听节目,找答案吧!

听力内容:

Movie science

Callum: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English, I'm Callum Robertson and with me today is William Kremer, hello William.

William: Hello Callum.

Callum: Today science in the movies. And we start with a question based on a scene that will be familiar to many science-fiction fans. If you were in space and there was a big explosion, what would you hear? Would the sound be:

a: louder than on Earth?

b: quieter than on Earth?

c: there be no sound at all?

William: I'm going to go for c: there's going to be no sound at all.

Callum: OK, we'll find out if you're right at the end of the programme. Well there is science in many films, not just science-fiction films. For example picture a scene in which there is a petrol station and there is a pool of petrol, or gasoline, on the ground and a character in the film takes a long suck on his cigarette and he throws it into the pool of petrol. In the movies, what happens William?

William: Booooom

Callum: In the movies there is a great explosion and in real life, what happens?

William: Does it just go out?

Callum: Yes it does. Apparently – I haven't tried this and don't try this yourself but if you do throw a lit cigarette into a pool of gasoline, it just puts the cigarette out and it doesn't explode.

William: Very disappointing

Callum: Well it's just one example of how the laws of physics are slightly different in the movies. But should films be more scientifically accurate? Sidney Perkowitz is a scientist and author of the book Hollywood Science. He was interviewed by the BBC on this topic and he was asked how much the science in films should be based on fact and how much should be based on fantasy and imagination. What's his opinion and does he think other scientists would agree with him?

Professor Sidney Perkowitz

Ideally I think should have some of each mixed in, in good proportions. Not everyone would agree with me. Some scientists would be tighter about it and say every bit of science has to be wholly accurate. I wouldn't agree with that I think we could allow some flexibility.

Callum: So William, what was he saying there about science fact versus science fantasy?

William: Well he was saying that there should be some of both – of both reality and fantasy – mixed in good proportions, which means in balance, so not too much one way or the other way. But he did say that not everyone would agree with him and that some scientists would want every single bit of science to be correct. He says that he thinks they should allow some flexibility.

Callum: Flexibility?

William: Yes, 'flexibility', meaning not being fixed on one idea. So being able to 'bend' to include different ideas.

Callum: Let's listen again.

Professor Sidney Perkowitz

Ideally I think should have some of each mixed in, in good proportions. Not everyone would agree with me. Some scientists would be tighter about it and say every bit of science has to be wholly accurate. I wouldn't agree with that I think we could allow some flexibility.

Callum: So can less than accurate science make for a good film? Professor Perkowitz thinks so. He mentions one particular film – what was the film about and what was wrong with the science?

Professor Sidney Perkowitz

One example that I like is a film that in fact got quite a bit of the science wrong but the basic premise was good and it started a discussion. That was the film called 'The Day after Tomorrow' which came out, I think, 2004. It's about global warming. It hyped-up the effects, it made things happen more dramatically and more quickly than they really would but it also started a conversation, so that to me is a great example of a film that had enough science in it to have some impact on real world.

Callum: So William, what was the film about and what was wrong with the science?

William: The film he mentioned was 'The Day After Tomorrow' and he said it was about global warming. And he said that although the basic premise was right, the basic premise – which means the main idea or the main theory – so although that was correct, the science was wrong in that things happened more quickly and more dramatically than would really be possible. And he also said that the effects of climate change were 'hyped-up' which means they were over-exaggerated, over-dramatised. However despite this he thought it was a good film because it started a discussion on important environmental issues.

Callum: I have to say I really like that film and I always watch it when it's on. I know some it is absolute nonsense but still, you know, I do enjoy it. Have you ever seen it?

William: I've never seen it, no, I'd quite like to see it now.

Callum: Let's listen to Professor Perkowitz again.

Professor Sidney Perkowitz

One example that I like is a film that in fact got quite a bit of the science wrong but the basic premise was good and it started a discussion. That was the film called 'The Day after Tomorrow' which came out, I think, 2004. It's about global warming. It hyped-up the effects, it made things happen more dramatically and more quickly than they really would but it also started a conversation, so that to me is a great example of a film that had enough science in it to have some impact on real world.

Callum: Well that's just about all we have time for today. Before we go though, the answer to this week's question, which was: if you were in space and there was a big explosion, what would you hear? William you said.

William: I said c: no sound at all

Callum: You're absolutely right. Sound can't travel through a vacuum and space is a vacuum. And on that note, it's time for us to leave you but do join us again next time for another 6 Minute English. Goodbye.

William: Bye bye.

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