英语四级

听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

BBC六分钟英语听力精选:NASA's last shuttle flight 美国宇航局最后一趟航天飞行

Cherie207 于2015-02-27发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是航天飞行的话题。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

8556f536f010a35c473941d6685d2f03ff15a059.jpg

NASA's last shuttle flight

美国宇航局最后一趟航天飞行

Dan和Rob将会谈到美国太空宇航局总署,和宇航局的最后一次航天飞行。

本周问题:

到目前为止,一共有多少人登录过月球呢?有:

a) 12 个

b) 18个

c) 24个

让我们一起听节目,找答案吧!

听力内容:

NASA's last shuttle flight

NB: This is not a word for word transcript

Dan: Hello, I'm Dan.

Rob: And I'm Rob.

Dan: And welcome to 6 Minute English! Today we're talking about NASA's final shuttle flight.

Rob: NASA – the American space agency – is closing its shuttle service after 30 years. A space shuttle is a spaceship that's designed to make repeated journeys between earth and space. And NASA launches its final shuttle flight on 8th July.

Dan: It's the end of an era for space travel.

Rob: Yup, the end of an era – it's the end of a significant period of history.

Dan: Russia and America have been using rockets for space travel since the 1960s. Rockets are tube-shaped devices that use explosions to power them into the air. But NASA first started using reusable space shuttles in 1981. This final shuttle mission is the 135th shuttle flight. So, talking of developments in space travel, I've got this week's question for you Rob, We all know that Neil Armstrong was the first man on the Moon, but how many people in total have walked on the moon so far? Is it:

a) 12

b) 18

c) 24

Rob: Mm, that's a good question. Erm… I'd say 18.

Dan: As always, we'll see if you're right at the end of the programme.

Rob: OK.

Dan: First of all, let's hear from BBC Science Correspondent, Pallab Ghosh. Here he is reporting on NASA's final shuttle flight. He says the first shuttle, Columbia, was launched into orbit 30 years ago, and it heralded a new era.

Rob: To launch something means to put into motion or put into action, and orbit here is the area around the Earth. So NASA launched its first shuttle into orbit 30 years ago. To herald something means to announce that something is about to happen – so 30 years ago, the shuttle heralded a new era for space travel.

Dan: Here's the BBC report on NASA's shuttle programme. What words does the reporter use to describe people's expectations of space travel? And how was this different from what actually happened?

BBC NASA report

Announcer: Five… four… we've gone for main engine start; we have main engine start. Lift off of America's first space shuttle!

Pallab Ghosh: Thirty years ago the first shuttle was launched into orbit.

Announcer: And the shuttle has cleared the tower

Pallab Ghosh: Columbia was to herald a new era, where space travel was cheap and commonplace. That, of course, didn't happen. Instead, it was expensive and dangerous, resulting in two shuttles being destroyed in flight.

Dan: The reporter there said that with the launch of Columbia, people believed space travel would be cheap and commonplace, but in fact it was expensive and dangerous. What does commonplace here mean, Rob?

Rob: Commonplace means usual or everyday. People expected space travel to be a cheap, commonplace activity. But of course it wasn't.

Dan: No – space travel has always been a very expensive business. And dangerous too; two of the shuttles were destroyed in flight. The disasters killed 14 astronauts.

Rob: Astronauts are the people who are trained for space travel. So what's happening to NASA's shuttle programme now, Dan?

Dan: Well, nothing really – the programme is too expensive to continue; it costs around US$ four billion a year. Around 10,000 workers have already lost their jobs in the Kennedy Space Centre in Florida, and around 5,000 more are losing their jobs at the Johnson Space Centre in Texas.

Rob: Wow, so a lot of people becoming unemployed with the end of the shuttle programme.

Dan: Yeah, let's hear from one of the workers who was involved in the shuttle programme. Jerry Mulberry was an engineer for NASA, and now runs a shop selling space memorabilia.

Rob: So Jerry was an engineer – a person who designs and builds machines – and now he sells memorabilia – objects that are collected because of their historic interest.

Dan: Let's listen to the clip. How does Jerry feel about the end of the shuttle programme?

Jerry Mulberry, former NASA engineer

Yeah, it's kind of a sad and a happy time. You know, we've been part of this thing for a Columbia was to long time and to see the final mission… I don't know if it's really set in yet, and it probably won't until it's on its way to space.

Dan: Well, for Jerry, the final launch is both a sad and happy time; he says his feelings haven't really set in yet.

Rob: To set in here means to become fixed or permanent. I suppose it's sad that the programme is over, but it's also a time to celebrate the programme's achievements, don't you think that's right, Dan?

Dan: Well, NASA would certainly like people to remember all the achievements of the shuttle programme since it started.

Rob: And what does this mean for space travel now, then Dan? Does this mean no more astronauts going into space?

Dan: Well, NASA is hoping that private companies will be able to take astronauts into space, though that probably won't happen for several years. In the meantime, NASA will pay Russia to fly its astronauts up for them. Right Rob, well, back to today's question. I asked you how many people in total have walked on the moon so far?

Rob: Well, I said 18, so was I right?

Dan: Well, in fact you weren't; only 12 people have walked on the moon so far. Neil Armstrong was the first man on the moon in 1969 and Eugene Cernan was the last man to set foot on the moon in 1972. So it was only three years, really, that people were on the moon. Well Rob, before we go, let's hear some of the words and phrases we've used in today's programme.

Rob: OK, we had:

space shuttle

the end of an era

rockets

to launch

orbit

to herald

commonplace

astronaut

engineer

memorabilia

Dan: Thanks, Rob. I hope you've enjoyed today's programme and you'll join us again for more 6 Minute English next time.

Both: Bye!

 1 2 下一页

分享到

添加到收藏

听力节目排行