英语四级

听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

BBC六分钟英语听力精选:Poverty in a rich world 发达国家中的贫穷

Cherie207 于2015-03-09发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是贫穷的话题。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

624.jpg

Poverty in a rich world

发达国家中的贫穷

我们正住在一个富有的国家里。生活在极度贫困的人们的数量已经在近几十年来减半。越来越多的人家里都有一部小车和一部手机。但为什么我们还会发现贫困的人群呢?今天,Rob和Harry将会说说富裕和贫穷之间的间隙,并且学习相关的新词汇。

本周问题:

由乐施会和瑞士信贷出的一份报告有提到当我们都拥有财富的时候要如何分配的问题。世界上大部分财富都是掌控在少数人的手里。这百分之一的富人拥有着世界的多少财富呢?是:

a) 38%

b) 48%

c) 58%

让我们一起听节目,找答案吧。

听力内容:

Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript

Rob: Hello, I'm Rob. Welcome to 6 Minute English. With me today is Harry. Hello, Harry.

Harry: Hello, Rob!

Rob: Well, in this programme we're talking about wealth. The world is getting richer, Harry.

Harry: Really? How come?

Rob: Well, according to recent data, the number of people living in extreme poverty has halved in recent decades. More people own a car and a mobile phone.

Harry: So, that's all very good news. More people can have a good standard of living – standard of living is what we call the amount of money and quality of life people have in a particular society.

Rob: People in general may have a better life but there's still a lot of inequality in different countries. Inequality - in other words some people have a lot of money and opportunities and others just don't.

Harry: So, individual governments have to find a way of reducing this inequality, to allow more people to have the opportunity to improve their lives.

Rob: Yes. In this programme we're talking about the gap between rich and poor and you'll learn some words which will help you discuss this topic or read about it in the news. And now our quiz, Harry.

Harry: Ah, the legendary quiz! I'm ready!

Rob: Good. Right. A recent report by Oxfam and Credit Suisse revealed how divided we all are when it comes to wealth. A lot of the wealth in the world is in the hands of very few people. That's what I'm going to ask you about, Harry. How much of the global wealth is owned by the richest 1%? Is it:

a) 38%

b) 48% or

c) 58%

Harry: Well, it's only 1% of the population, so I would have to guess the lower one, 38%. Surely they can't own more than that!

Rob: Well, we'll see if you got the right answer at the end of the programme. Now, let's talk about rich and poor. As we said, experts have concluded that more people are living better when you look at the world as a whole, but in individual countries you can find people with hardly anything to eat…

Harry: …and others with lots of houses, cars, land and so on… So, Rob, how can this situation be reversed?

Rob: Well, David Bryer from Oxfam mentions a country which has achieved some success in trying to make the poor less poor. He is talking about Brazil. Listen to what Bryer says and tell me: what are the two words he uses meaning 'the least money people are paid for the work they do'?

David Bryer from Oxfam

There are examples we can look to where countries are managing to reduce the gap between the super-rich and the rest. Brazil has historically very high levels of economic inequality. And they've been taking just some really sensible measures – measures around having more progressive tax, around investing in a higher minimum wage, investing in central public services, you know, these things that all governments can do that start to reverse this tide.

Harry: So David Bryer talks about a 'minimum wage'. That's the least a worker receives in payment for work they've done. He meant that if people are paid a higher minimum wage, they can eat better, seek a better education, and their children can have a better job in the future. They can be lifted out of poverty.

Rob: And the economy can grow. More people with more money buy more things and factories produce more. A factory which produces more will need more workers. So, more jobs for all.

Harry: Right. Another measure by the Brazilian government which is mentioned by the representative from Oxfam has to do with tax. Tax is the amount of money you pay to the government depending on your salary and the cost of things you buy… But we have to admit this,

Rob: taxes are not popular.

Rob: That's true. Many people don't like paying tax because they don't receive an immediate benefit from it. Some very rich people try to pay as little as possible. But one billionaire who thinks it's important to pay and create conditions for governments to fight poverty is Bill Gates. The founder of Microsoft earned a lot of money, retired and, with his wife Melinda, created a foundation to help the poor. The BBC asked him what the very rich have to do to help reduce poverty. Let's listen to his answer. What does he say rich people have to be? The word is an adjective.

Bill Gates, philanthropist

Well, their obligation of course is to pay their taxes, but our advice to them is that they all look at taking their wealth and being philanthropic - both in their own country and to help the global poorest. That's a full-time work Melinda and I do, we find it very fulfilling, we love seeing the progress.

Harry: So rich people have to be 'philanthropic'! It means they have to help poor people by giving their money.

Rob: And he says he and his wife find this giving to the poor 'fulfilling', in other words, it makes them happy and satisfied.

Harry: Well, that's his message to the very, very, very, very rich in the world! To the… 1%!

Rob: The 1%...Well, you want the answer to my quiz question now, don't you?

Harry: Yes. You asked me how much of the global wealth is owned by the richest 1% of the world's population.

Rob: And the options I gave you were: 38%, 48% or 58%

Harry: And I guessed 38% based on the fact that I couldn't imagine them earning more than that.

Rob: I like your thinking, Harry, but I'm afraid the correct answer is actually (b) 48%. The wealthiest 1% will soon own more than the rest of the world's population – that's according to a study by anti-poverty charity Oxfam.

Harry: I think it's truly shocking that such a small number of people can own so much.

Rob: You're right. It's an amazing statistic. OK, well, we're almost out of time but let's remind ourselves of some of the words that we've said today, Harry.

Harry: standard of living

inequality

minimum wage

tax

philanthropic

fulfilling

Rob: Well, that's it for today. Do log on to www.bbclearningenglish.com to find more 6 Minute English programmes. Until next time. Goodbye!

Harry: Goodbye!

 1 2 下一页

分享到

添加到收藏

听力节目排行