英语四级

听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

BBC六分钟英语听力精选:Is aggression useful?攻击性行为有用吗?

Cherie207 于2015-07-10发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是生气时该怎样的话题。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

624.jpg

Is aggression useful?

攻击性行为有用吗?

为什么我们会容易感到生气,这样的情绪有益处吗?

今天我们一起听听Neil和Catherine说说进攻性,以及他们在感到生气时会作如何反应,还有把人类的行为与狒狒的相比较是怎样的。他们还会解释一些相关的词汇。

本周问题:

当被袭击时,狒狒会表现出怎样的攻击性行为呢?是:

a)捶胸

b)呲牙大叫

c)大笑着在地上打滚

我们可以从节目的最后找到答案。

听力内容:

Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript

Neil: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil…

Catherine: … and I'm Catherine. Hello.

Neil: Hello, Catherine! I want to know, what sort of things make you feel angry?

Catherine: Many things make me feel angry, Neil. But one thing that makes me regularly angry is when people put the wrong rubbish in the wrong bins.

Neil: Yes, that makes me angry too.

Catherine: Does it?

Neil: It's not very thoughtful, is it?

Catherine: Not really, no.

Neil: So, you may feel angry about people putting rubbish in the wrong bin but do you get aggressive? That's behaving in an angry way, looking like you want to argue or even fight with someone?

Catherine: No. I don't really get aggressive about wheelie bins, to be honest.

Neil: Well I tend to control my anger too and keep calm but I have been known to react - especially if someone is damaging some of my property.

Catherine: Wow. Really?

Neil: Yeah. I can't stand it. It comes out of the blue – it's completely unexpected. But I'm glad to say I feel quite calm today.

Catherine: I'm glad to hear it, Neil. But today we are talking about aggression and we'll look at what we can learn about human aggression by some examples from the animal kingdom.

Neil: That's right. Now, are you ready to answer today's quiz question, Catherine?

Catherine: In a very calm and non-aggressive way, I would like you to give me the question.

Neil: When attacked, what does a baboon typically do to show aggression? Does it…

a) beat its chest

b) yawn and show its teeth

or c) laugh and roll on the ground

Catherine: Well… I'd love to think of an angry baboon laughing and rolling on the ground. But I'm going to go for b) yawn and show its teeth.

Neil: OK. Well, we'll see if you right or wrong a bit later on. Now, Catherine, how do you usually act when you're angry or upset about something?

Catherine: I generally let people know how I feel to be honest. I don't go over the top and hit people, but also I don't sulk about things. And sulk means when you refuse to smile or speak because you want to let people know you are upset about something.

Neil: Sulking is quite childish, isn't it Catherine?

Catherine: It is. Are you a sulker, Neil?

Neil: I don't sulk, I don't think. But as I said I don't often get angry. I'm a very well balanced and grounded person, Catherine.

Catherine: Really, very good. I'm pleased to hear it, Neil. Anyway, well balanced means sensible and in:control of your emotions. And grounded means mentally and emotionally stable. Is that what you're saying, Neil?

Neil: Yes, that's me. But let's listen to Professor Simon Underdown talking about human behaviour. Can you spot a phrase that means 'the opposite side to an idea'?EINSERT

Simon Underdown, Principal Lecturer in Human evolution at Oxford Brookes University

One of the things humans are incredibly good at doing is being psychologists. We'e very good at reading situations that we find ourselves in […] We're extremely good at picking up on signals. What we can then do is trigger the appropriate response. If it's an empathetic response we may well need to then be sympathetic, we maybe need to show our sort of fluffy side if you want. But on the flipside from an evolutionary point of view the reason we are so successful and we're still here is because we can, and when we need to, react aggressively to situations.

Neil: Did you spot the phrase? Flipside means the opposite side to an idea. And being aggressive is the flipside of being fluffy and sympathetic.

Catherine: Fluffy, by the way, is an adjective we often use to describe soft animal fur or feathers on young animals or soft toys for children. But here fluffy means behaviour that is soft and unthreatening so it’s the opposite of aggressive.

Neil: And if you are empathetic you are able to share or understand another person's feelings. That sounds like me! I'm an excellent empathizer, aren't I, Catherine?

Catherine: Neil, you are absolutely totally full of … empathy.

Neil: Nice pause.

Catherine: Thank you.

Neil: Now, Simon also talks about humans being good at reading situations. What does that mean, Catherine?

Catherine: It means understanding what's going on. For example, if a male gorilla is screaming and breaking branches, other gorillas will probably see this as a show of aggression.

Neil: The male gorilla screams and breaks branches, signalling to the other gorillas that he's angry or upset. Signal here means a noise or a movement that gives someone information.

Catherine: And the male gorilla's signal triggers a response from the other gorillas. This means one thing causes another thing to happen.

Neil: And when a man suddenly punches another man in the face, what signal does that send?

Catherine: Well, I think for me that would be a signal to leave!

Neil: Yes. Quickly.

Catherine: Yes, indeed. And humans usually give signals just like the gorillas do, before they start a fight. So people might shout, or gesture with their arms. And a gesture is a movement made with arms or head to give someone else information. Now then, Neil. Let's have our quiz question answer please.

Neil: OK, OK, stop waving your arms around. So I asked: When attacked, what does a baboon typically do to show aggression? Does it…a) beat its chest? b) yawn and show its teeth? or c) laugh and roll on the ground?

Catherine: And I said b).

Neil: That’s right. Well done! Now let's hear today's words once again.

Catherine: They are:

out of the blue

aggressive

sulk

well balanced

grounded

flipside

fluffy

empathetic

reading situations

signal

triggers a response

gesture

Neil: Well, that's the end of today's 6 Minute English. Check out more programmes at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again soon.

Both: Bye.

 1 2 下一页

分享到

添加到收藏

听力节目排行