英语口语

听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

BBC六分钟英语听力精选:The commute通勤

Cherie207 于2016-03-12发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
大家好,欢迎收听BBC六分钟英语听力精选,我们将会给你带来各种各样的消息新闻,今天要说的是通勤的话题。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

624.jpg

The commute

通勤

我们大部分的人每天都重复着一样的旅程——通勤。今天的节目里,Alice和Neil将会讨论骑自行车上班的好处,以及为什么坐火车或地铁会使血压升高。

本周问题:

“commuter”这个词最初指的是什么?是:

a) 和其他人一起出行的人

b) 买打折车票出行的人

c) 坐火车或地铁上班的人

我们可以在节目的最后找到正确答案。

听力内容:

Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript

Neil: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil…

Alice: … and I'm Alice. Now Neil, how do you get to work?

Neil: I cycle.

Alice: I didn't know that! Somehow I hadn't imagined you as a cyclist. And where's all your bike gear?

Neil: Well, I sneak in the mornings, have a shower, and get changed. That's my bike in the corner over there.

Alice: Oh, you've got a foldaway bike – which means it folds up so it's easy to carry or put away. Do you wear lycra, Neil?

Neil: Yes, I do… it's very comfortable. I wear lycra as often as I can. Lycra by the way is a stretchy fabric used in tight-fitting sports clothes.

Alice: Well, I'll have to see if I can catch you on your way into the building – I'm intrigued about this sporty Neil I didn't know about!

Neil: 'Intrigued' means to be very interested in something. Well, Alice, I'm flattered. And today's show is about commuting – or travelling between your home and your work. So how did you commute this morning, Alice?

Alice: I got the Tube – that's the subway system here in London, also known as the underground – and it was a nightmare. We stopped in a tunnel for so long that people started talking to each other.

Neil: And for those of you who aren't Londoners, that's unusual! Do you ever talk to people on the train?

Alice: No. People think you're crazy if you talk to strangers.

Neil: Well, maybe now's a good time to talk about today's quiz question, Alice. What question do you have for me?

Alice: Alright then. I know you like my questions, Neil. So here we go: What did the word 'commuter' originally describe? Was it someone who…

a) travelled with other people?

b) paid a reduced fare to travel?

Or c) travelled by train to work?

Neil: Oh, that's easy. I'm going to go for c) travelled by train to work.

Alice: Well, we'll find out later whether you're right or not. Now let's listen to a commuter in Nairobi who takes a matatu to get to work. These are minibuses used as shared taxis in East Africa. Can you spot a word that means being quick to notice things going on around you?

INSERT

Commuter, Nairobi, Kenya

When I'm stuck in the matatu there is a lot of strange things happen around you, so you have to be alert in Nairobi. When you open… when you leave your window open somebody can run away with your belongings. You may be speaking… using the phone… somebody just snatch your phone… you may expect the unexpected!

Neil: The word used by this commuter in Kenya is alert. And in these noisy, crowded buses you need to be alert in case someone runs away with your belongings – belongings are the things that you own.

Alice: Right. Somebody might snatch your phone – snatch means to take something quickly.

Neil: Public transport in Nairobi sounds stressful! If I was taking the bus I'd want to have a nap – or short sleep.

Alice: Yes. Well, people have done research on commuting and stress levels – and interestingly women are more likely to experience stress during their journey than men.

Neil: Why's that?

Alice: Well, they're more likely to do something which is being called 'trip chaining' – where they make one or more stops on the way to work or going home – for example to drop off or pick up the kids from school – and this makes it more likely that something will go wrong with their journey.

Neil: Even if you aren't trip chaining it's no fun being stuck in a traffic jam – that's a large number of vehicles close together moving slowly – or being packed into a crowded train like sardines. Let's face it – travelling by car or by public transport can be really miserable!

Alice: Yes. Packed in like sardines describes people standing so close together that they can't move – like fish in a can! So let's hear how longer commutes can affect your health from US researcher Christine Hoehner.

INSERT

Christine Hoehner, researcher at Washington University School of Medicine

My study found that adults who commuted longer distances from home to work were less physically active, less physically fit, weighed more and had higher blood pressure than those people who had shorter commutes.

Neil: The American researcher must be talking about commuters who aren't engaged in active travel, mustn't she? Because if you cycle a longer distance then you're being more physically active.

Alice: I think you're right, for once, Neil!

Neil: Yeah.

Alice: And I'd better start going to the gym more. I don't like the sound of high blood pressure.

Neil: Why don't you hop on your bike, Alice? Then we can both wear lycra to work.

Alice: That's a fantastic idea, Neil! Moving on! Here's the answer to today's quiz question. I asked: What did the word 'commuter' originally describe? Was it someone who… a) travelled with other people? b) paid a reduced fare to travel? Or c) travelled by train to work?

Neil: And I said c) travelled by train to work. It must be right.

Alice: And you were wrong I'm afraid, Neil! It's b) someone who paid a reduced fare to travel. The Oxford Dictionary says the word 'commute' comes from from Latin commutare, from com- 'altogether' + mutare 'to change'. The word was used in the US in the 1840s, when people paid a reduced or commuted fare to travel by rail from the suburbs into the city.

Neil: OK. Can you tell us the words we heard today again, Alice?

Alice: Of course I can. Here they are:

foldaway bike

lycra

intrigued

commuting

the Tube

alert

belongings

snatch

nap

traffic jam

packed in like sardines

commuted

Neil: Well, that's the end of today's journey with 6 Minute English. Please do join us again soon.

Both: Bye.

 1 2 下一页

分享到

添加到收藏

听力节目排行