英语听力

听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

BBC: 你的韧性如何? 韧性是先天还是后天形成的?

kira86 于2020-10-15发布
增大字体 减小字体
本期BBC六分钟英语听力话题是——人的韧性。今天我们要讨论的是韧性是与生俱来的还是后天习得地。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

How resilient are you?

你的弹性复原能力如何?

Rob: Hello, and welcome to 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. I'm Rob...

哈喽,欢迎来到BBC英语学习6分钟英语。我是罗布......

Georgina: And I'm Georgina.

我是乔治娜。

Rob: Now, Georgina, how resilient are you?

乔治娜,你的弹性如何?

Georgina: Resilient? You mean able to cope with difficult situations. I have a pile of work to do today, but I'm remaining calm and not getting stressed.

弹性?你指的是处理难题的能力。我今天有一大堆工作要做,但我能保持冷静,没有压力。

Rob: That's good, you are showing resilience. And today we're discussing whether we're born with resilience or we have to learn it.

很好,你表现出了韧性。今天我们要讨论的是韧性是与生俱来的还是后天习得地。

Georgina: OK, Rob. But first I expect you're going to ask me a question - bring it on!

好吧,罗布。但我想你首先会问我一个问题——说吧!

Rob: OK. Resilience is also a word used in science to describe the characteristic of a substance or object. But what does it mean? a) That it's is very tough or hard. b) That it can return to its original shape after being bent. c) It can turn from a solid into a liquid quickly.

好的。弹性也是科学中用来描述物质或物体特征的一个词。但它是什么意思呢?a)它非常牢固或坚硬。b)弯曲后能恢复到原来的形状。c)它能很快地从固体变成液体。

Georgina: I have a feeling it means b) an object that returns to its original shape after being bent.

我有一种感觉,它的意思是b)物体被弯曲后回到原来的形状。

Rob: OK, I'll let you know if you were correct at the end of the programme. But let's talk more about human resilience. There are many self-help books and motivational speakers all promising us we can learn to be resilient.

好的,在节目的最后我会告诉你你的答案是否正确。但我们先来展开谈谈人类的弹性。有许多自助书籍和励志演讲家都向我们承诺,我们可以变得有弹性。

Georgina: Well, it is a useful trait to have, and it's something that can help you deal with many difficult situations from coping with the pressures of work to handling the death of a loved one.

嗯,这是一个有用的特质,它可以帮助你处理很多困难的情况,从应对工作压力到处理亲人的去世。

Rob: And it's more than just telling someone to 'toughen up' or 'get a grip', as Dr David Westley knows. He is Head of Psychology at Middlesex University and talked about levels of resilience on the BBC World Service programme, The Why Factor.

正如大卫·韦斯特利博士所知道的,这不仅仅是告诉别人“坚强起来”或“抓紧”。他是米德尔塞克斯大学的心理学系主任,在BBC的“世界服务”节目《解密》中谈到了心理弹性的水平。

Dr David Westley, Head of Psychology at Middlesex University: First of all, there's our social supports, our communities, our families, the people who are important to us, the organisations we work for, so one way we can look at resilience is to measure that - the amount of social support available to us. Another way to think about resilience is to think about how we think about the situations we are in. So, for example, one way to look at that would be just to look at how optimistic people are as a guide to how resilient they might be when times get tough. And then a third level that we can look at for resilience is a biological level - how well we can soothe ourselves, calm ourselves down, how well we can actually regulate our own nervous systems at times of distress.

首先,我们有社会支持,我们的社区,我们的家庭,对我们很重要的人,我们为之工作的组织,所以我们看待适应力的一种方式是衡量——我们可以得到的社会支持的数量。另一种思考弹性的方法是思考我们如何看待我们所处的环境。所以,举个例子,看待这个问题的一种方式就是看看人们有多乐观,就能看出来他们在困难时期的适应力有多大。第三个层面,我们可以从生理层面来看待弹性——我们能在多大程度上安抚自己,让自己平静下来,在悲伤时我们能在多大程度上调节自己的神经系统。

Georgina: Right, so Dr Westley describes social supports - the people around us who we can talk to and support us and generally make us feel better. I think he's saying, with more support we feel more resilient.

是的,所以韦斯特利博士描述了社会支持——我们周围那些我们可以交谈和支持我们的人,这些人通常会让我们感觉更好。我想他是在说,有了更多的支持,我们就会更有弹性。

Rob: It's interesting to note that a resilient person isn't necessarily someone quiet, who doesn't make a fuss and gets on with things. Some experts think it's people who ask for help and use this social support network who are acting in a more resilient way.

有趣的是,一个适应力强的人不一定是一个安静的人,不会大惊小怪的人或者能很好地处理事情的人。一些专家认为,寻求帮助并利用这个社会支持网络的人表现得更有弹性。

Georgina: It's a good point. And another level of resilience is how optimistic someone is. Being optimistic means having positive thoughts about the future and believing things will turn out well. A positive mind means you can deal with situations that, at first, look tough. Another level Dr Westley mentioned was our biological level - how our bodies cope in times of distress. Distress is the feeling you get when you are worried or upset by something.

这个观点很好。弹性的另一个水平是一个人的乐观水平。乐观意味着对未来有积极的想法,相信事情会变好。积极的心态意味着你可以处理那些一开始看起来很难处理的情况。韦斯特利博士提到的另一个层面是我们的生理层面——我们的身体如何应对悲痛。忧伤是指你因某事而感到担忧或心烦意乱时的感觉。

Rob: So, when we're distressed, a resilient person is able to soothe his or her body and regulate his or her nervous system, which helps them stay calm.

所以,当我们苦恼时,一个有韧性的人能够安抚自己的身体,调节自己的神经系统,这有助于他们保持平静。

Georgina: But, Rob, the big question is, are we born with resilience or can we learn it? Experts speaking on The Why Factor programme tended to think it could be learned.

但是,罗布,大问题在于人的弹性是与生俱来的还是后天习得的呢?《解密》节目中的专家倾向于认为是后天习得的。

Rob: Yes, one of them is Ann Masten, a professor at the University of Minnesota. From her studies, she found it was something that we learn when we need to.

是的,其中一个持本观点的是明尼苏达大学教授安·马斯汀。据她研究发现,这是一种我们在需要时习得的。

Georgina: Ann Masten talks about how some of the children she studied manifest resilience from the start. When something manifests, it shows clearly and is easy to notice. They remain resilient despite adversity - a difficult time in their life they've had to face.

安·马斯汀谈到,参与她研究的一些孩子如何从一开始就表现出韧性。当某些东西显示时,它会清晰地显示出来,很容易注意到。尽管身处逆境——生活中不得不面对的困难时期,他们仍然保持韧性。

Rob: Other children, what she calls the late bloomers, started off less resilient, struggled with adversity, but turned their lives around by becoming more resilient. Maybe we can learn resilience from a having a bad experience?

还有一些被她称为“大器晚成”的孩子,一开始的适应力就不那么强,他们会与逆境抗争,但通过变得更有韧性,他们的生活发生了改变。也许我们可以从一个糟糕的经历中学到适应力?

Georgina: Well, one thing Ann went on to say was that families and friends can be a great support and help with resilience. Those that were 'late bloomers' only connected with adults and mentors later in life.

嗯,安继续说的一件事是,家人和朋友可以作为韧性很大的支持和帮助。而那些“大器晚成”的人只有在晚年才与成年人和贵人取得联系。

Rob: Yes, she says that teachers or parents are role models in how to handle adversity. And children are watching; they're learning from the adults around them by seeing how they react when they get challenged by something. Time now to find out how resilient you are when you discover the correct answer to the question I asked earlier. I said that 'resilience' is also a word used in science to describe the characteristic of a substance or object. But what does it mean? Is it...a) It is very tough or hard. b) It can return to its original shape after being bent. c) It can turn from a solid into a liquid quickly. And what did you say, Georgina?

是的,她说老师和家长是处理逆境的榜样。孩子们都在看着;他们从周围的成年人那里学习,通过观察他们在遇到挑战时的反应。现在是时候看看当你看到之前问题的正确答案时你的适应力有多大了。我说过,“弹性”在科学中也是一个词,用来描述一种物质或物体的特性。它的意思是什么呢?a)非常难还是很难?b)弯曲后可以恢复原状。c)它能快速地从固体变成液体。你选的是什么,乔治娜?

Georgina: I said it was b) It can return to its original shape after being bent.

我选的是b)弯曲后可以恢复原状。

Rob: And you are right - well done! Bamboo is a good example of a resilient material - you can bend it, it doesn't break and returns to its original shape.

对了——好样的!竹子是一种很好的弹性材料——你可以弯曲它,它不会折断,还能恢复原来的形状。

Georgina: Thanks for the science lesson, Rob. Now we need to recap the vocabulary we've mentioned today...

感谢你的科学课,罗布。现在我们要回顾一下今天提到的词汇。

Rob: Yes, we've talked about being resilient, an adjective that describes someone's ability to cope with difficult situations. When you do this you show resilience.

是的,我们谈论了“resilient”,这是一个形容词,用来描述一个人处理困难情况的能力。当你这样做的时候,你就表现出了韧性。

Georgina: Someone who is optimistic has positive thoughts about the future and believes things will turn out well.

乐观的人对未来有积极的想法,相信事情会变好。

Rob: Distress is the feeling you get when you are worried or upset by something.

忧伤是指因某事而感到担忧或心烦意乱时的感觉。

Georgina: When something manifests itself, it shows clearly and is easy to notice. And adversity is a difficult time in somebody's life that they have had to face.

当某物表现出来时,它表现得很清楚,很容易被注意到。逆境是人们生活中不得不面对的困难时期。

Rob: And that brings us to the end of this discussion about resilience. Please join us again next time. Bye bye.

关于弹性的讨论到此结束。我们下期再见。拜拜。

Georgina: Bye.

拜。

 1 2 下一页

分享到

微信订阅

听力节目排行