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常春藤赖世雄解析英语杂志(2):Small, Smart, and Strong—Ants 小

hetao 于2013-03-21发布 l 已有人浏览
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常春藤解析英语杂志由英语名师赖世雄教授编著,收集了很多不同的主题,进行英语听力强化训练。赖教授用解析的方式,把自己亲身学习英语的经验与读者分享,假设读者群也是
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

常春藤解析英语杂志由英语名师赖世雄教授编著,收集了很多不同的主题,进行英语听力强化训练。赖教授用解析的方式,把自己亲身学习英语的经验与读者分享,假设读者群也是和赖教授过去英文很差时一样,以深入浅出的方式,尤其注重字的用法,详尽的为读者解说。

Small, Smart, and Strong—Ants 小蚂蚁的大世界

by Rachel Black

Man has long considered the ant to be a hardworking, well-organized creature. This social insect lives in an ordered colony that may contain millions of _(1)_. There are currently 11,880 known species of ants in the world, many of _(2)_ share common characteristics. Ants have three body segments, six legs, and can lift _(3)_ 20 times their body weight. A colony of 40,000 of these creatures has the same amount of brain cells _(4)_ a single human brain. Don't let their size fool you, though. It is believed that ant brains have the processing power of some of the computers of the early 1980s.

人类一直认为蚂蚁是勤奋工作和有组织的生物。这种群居性的昆虫住在有秩序的巢穴中,一个蚁穴就有好几百万只蚂蚁。目前已知全世界有一万一千八百八十种蚂蚁种类,其中许多都拥有相同特征。蚂蚁的身体分为三节,有六只脚,可以举起比身体重二十倍的东西。一群四万只蚂蚁的脑细胞加起来和一个人类的脑细胞一样多。别被牠们的体积骗了。据说蚂蚁大脑处理事情的能力和某些八十年代的计算机相同。

Like humans, ants have specific jobs to do within society. Each colony may have one or more queens whose job is to _(5)_ eggs. The sterile worker ants care for the young, hunt for food, and protect the colony from unwanted visitors. This is important _(6)_ one species might attempt to steal the pupae of another species.

就像人类一样,蚂蚁在社会中有特定分工。每一群蚂蚁都有一只或多只的蚁后负责产卵。不能生育的工蚁照顾小蚂蚁、寻找食物和保护蚁群远离不速之客的打扰。这是很重要的工作,因为一种蚂蚁可能会试图偷取另一种蚂蚁的蛹。

Most humans seem to tolerate ants. However, in 2004, fire ants made their way to Taiwan and many people were _(7)_ of being bitten. After all, the sting of this foreign species could cause a deadly allergic reaction. Nevertheless, ants are usually harmless organisms whose constant activity should motivate us to get off the sofa and work a little harder.

大部分人对蚂蚁都很容忍。然而,2004 年红火蚁大举入侵台湾,许多人都害怕被叮咬。毕竟,被这种外来蚂蚁叮咬可能会引发致命的过敏反应。然而,蚂蚁一般是无害的生物,牠们的勤奋可以激发我们远离沙发,努力工作。

练习与答案:

1. (A) passengers (B) inhabitants (C) civilians (D) populations

2. (A) them (B) these (C) whom (D) which

3. (A) up to (B) such as (C) next to (D) plenty of

4. (A) by (B) like (C) as (D) within

5. (A) drop (B) lay (C) form (D) release

6. (A) if (B) while (C) because (D) although

7. (A) fearful (B) doubtful (C) shameful (D) harmful

1. This social insect lives in an ordered colony that may contain millions of inhabitants.

理由:

a.(A)passenger n. 乘客

(B)inhabitant n. 居住者

(C)civilian n. 平民,百姓

(D)population n. 人口

注意:

population 为集合名词,常用单数形,或与不定冠词 a 并用。

a large/small population 人口众多∕稀少

a population of 200,000 二十万的人口

b. 根据语意、用法,可知应选 (B)。

2. ...11,880 known species of ants in the world, many of which share common characteristics.

理由:

a. 本空格测试下列句构:

主要子句 + 逗点 + 数量词(some, many...)+ of + 关系代名词(whom, which)引导的形容词子句

注意:

本句构两句中间以逗号相隔,因此须用关系代名词 whom/which 来连接两句。

例: Kent has lots of baseball cards, some of which are worth thousands of dollars.

(肯特拥有许多棒球卡,其中有些价值数千元。)

b. 根据上述,可知 (A)、(B) 不可选。whom 只能用来修饰其前表人的名词,故 (C) 亦不可选。仅 (D) 为正选。

3. Ants have three body segments, six legs, and can lift up to 20 times their weight.

理由:

a.(A)up to + 数字 多达∕高达……

例: That girl can eat up to five bowls of beef noodles in one sitting.

(那女孩一餐可以吃到五碗牛肉面。)

(B)such as... 诸如……(其前与复数名词并用)

例: We ordered a lot of dishes, such as fried rice and peppers with beef.

(我们点了许多菜,像是炒饭和青椒炒牛肉等。)

(C)next to... 在……旁边;次于……

(D)plenty of... 许多的……

b. 根据语意、用法,可知应选 (A)。

4. ...has the same amount of brain cells as a single human brain.

理由:

a. 本空格测试下列固定用法:

the same + N + as... 和……相同的……

注意:

原句原为:...has the same amount of brain cells as a single human brain (has).

此处的 as 为准关系代名词,在引导的子句中作 has 的受词。

例: She bought the same jeans as her older sister.

(她和姐姐买同一款牛仔裤。)

b. 根据上述,可知 (C) 应为正选。

5. Each colony may have one or more queens whose job is to lay eggs.

理由:

a.(A)drop vt. 丢

(B)lay vt. 产(卵)

动词三态:lay, laid, laid。

例: The chicken can lay between 180-230 eggs per year.

(母鸡每年可下 180 到 230 个蛋。)

(C)form vt. 形成

(D)release vt. 释放

b.空格后为名词 eggs(卵、蛋),可知应选 (B)。

6. This is important because one species might attempt to steal the pupae of another species.

理由:

a.空格前后为两个子句,可知应置入连接词加以连接。

b.四个选项均为副词连接词,但 (A) if(如果)、(B) while(当)、(D) although(虽然)置入后语意皆不合而不可选。(C) because(因为)置入后符合前后的因果关系,故为正选。

7. ...and many people were fearful of being bitten.

理由:

a.(A)fearful a. 害怕的

be fearful of... 害怕……

例: I've always been fearful of clowns because of their scary make-up.

(我一直很害怕小丑,因为他们的妆画得很恐怖。)

(B)doubtful a. 怀疑的

be doubtful of... 怀疑……

例: Please don't be doubtful of my intentions.

(请不要怀疑我的动机。)

(C)shameful a. 可耻的

It is shameful + that 子句 ……是可耻的

例: It is shameful that you've been cheating on your wife.

(你一直对太太不忠真是可耻。)

(D)harmful a. 有害的

be harmful to... 对……有害

例: The strike was harmful to management and labor alike.

(这场罢工让劳资双方两败俱伤。)

b.根据语意,可知应选 (A)。

标准答案:

1. (B) 2. (D) 3. (A) 4. (C) 5. (B) 6. (C) 7. (A) 

精解字词词组

1.colony n.(蚂蚁、黄蜂等的)群

例: A colony of wasps built a hive in a hole in the wall.

(一群黄蜂在墙上的洞穴筑了蜂窝。)

2.characteristic n. 特征,特性 & a. 特有的

be characteristic of... 是……的写照∕特有的

例: Black and white stripes are characteristic of zebras.

(黑白相间的条纹是斑马特有的。)

3.attempt to V 企图∕试图(做)……

例: William attempted to live out his own dream through his son.

(威廉试图透过儿子实现自己的梦想。)

4.allergic a. 过敏的

be allergic to... 对……过敏

例: Bill is allergic to bees and one sting could kill him.

(比尔对蜜蜂过敏,被叮一下就可能要了他的命。)

5.motivate sb to V 激发∕激励某人(做)……

例: Sara's heart attack finally motivated her to lose weight.

(莎拉心脏病发作,终于激发她减肥。)

单字小铺

1.hardworking a. 努力工作的

2.social a. 群居的

3.ordered a. 有秩序的

4.currently adv. 目前

5.species n. 物种(单复数同形)

6.segment n.(昆虫的)节;部分

7.process vt. 处理(数据、数据等)

*本文中为现在分词作形容词用。

8.specific a. 特定的

9.sterile a. 无法生育的

10.pupae n. 蛹(复数)

pupa n. 蛹(单数)

11.tolerate vt. 容忍

= put up with...

12.sting n.(昆虫等的)叮咬

13.reaction n. 反应

14.organism n. 生物,有机体




 

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