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常春藤赖世雄解析英语杂志(45):No Sweat让人尴尬的『水手』

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常春藤解析英语杂志由英语名师赖世雄教授编著,收集了很多不同的主题,进行英语听力强化训练。赖教授用解析的方式,把自己亲身学习英语的经验与读者分享,假设读者群也是
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常春藤解析英语杂志由英语名师赖世雄教授编著,收集了很多不同的主题,进行英语听力强化训练。赖教授用解析的方式,把自己亲身学习英语的经验与读者分享,假设读者群也是和赖教授过去英文很差时一样,以深入浅出的方式,尤其注重字的用法,详尽的为读者解说。

No Sweat 让人尴尬的『水手』

by Marcus Maurice

A man finally calls the woman he has liked for a while and asks her out on a date. She says yes and they go to the movies. Halfway through the film, the woman reaches over to hold the man's hand. _(1)_ she does this, she feels a wet, cold palm. Both the man and woman give each other a fake smile. The man knows his date has been _(2)_ when the woman slowly pulls her hand away and slips to the bathroom. Things were going fine _(3)_ the woman felt his sweaty hand. He knows he has to do something about his problem.

一名男子终于打电话约自己心仪一段时间的女子出去约会。她答应了,于是两人一起去看电影。电影演到一半,女子伸出手握住男子的手。她一这么做时,便感觉到又湿又冰的手掌。两人给彼此一个假笑。女子慢慢收回她的手并溜进洗手间,男子便知道约会泡汤了。在女子碰到汗涔涔的手之前,一切都进展得很顺利。他知道自己必须采取行动解决这个问题。

Hyperhidrosis is excessive sweating on one or more parts of the body. This can include the hands, feet, forehead, and underarms. Scientists believe that hyperhidrosis is hereditary and activated by extreme anxiety. Certain foods and drinks, _(4)_ nicotine, can also cause increased perspiration.

多汗症是指身体一个或多个部位出汗过多。这个部位可能是手、脚、额头或腋下。科学家相信多汗症是遗传造成,因过度焦虑而引发。某些食物饮料,还有尼古丁,也会导致多汗。

Sweating profusely can be uncomfortable and _(5)_. Luckily, there are simple treatments for those with minor hyperhidrosis, including wearing deodorant or taking medication. If a person has a serious case of hyperhidrosis, they can take extreme _(6)_. This includes getting Botox injections, which disable the sweat glands for four to six months at a time. Also, sweat glands can be _(7)_ or diminished with minor surgery that takes less than an hour. With these treatments, sufferers of hyperhidrosis don't have to let the condition put a damper on their lives.

大汗淋漓很不舒服,也很难为情。还好,轻微多汗症患者有简单的治疗方法,包含擦体香剂或服用药物。但如果是重度多汗症患者,则可以采取极端的作法,包含注射肉毒杆菌,注射一次能抑制汗腺四到六个月之久。另外,也可以透过不到一小时的小手术切除或缩小汗腺。有了这些治疗方法,多汗症患者就不用让多汗扫了生活中的种种雅兴。

练习与答案:

1. (A) As soon as (B) As far as (C) As long as (D) As well as

2. (A) broke (B) terrific (C) ruined (D) potential

3. (A) after (B) until (C) though (D) because

4. (A) except for (B) rather than (C) along with (D) in spite of

5. (A) amazing (B) breathtaking (C) satisfying (D) embarrassing

6. (A) measures (B) offense (C) methods (D) effect

7. (A) recycled (B) removed (C) recovered (D) rejected

原来如此

1.As soon as she does this, she feels a wet, cold palm.

理由:

a.(A)As soon as + S + V, S + V 一……就……

例: As soon as you leave work, please give me a call.

(你一下班,就打通电话给我吧。) 

(B)As far as sb is concerned, S + V 就某人而言,……

例: As far as I'm concerned, there's no better way to spend a Sunday than going hiking.

(就我而言,健行是消磨星期日最好的方式了。) 

(C)As long as + S + V, S + V 只要……,……

(D)A as well as B A 和 B

例: This charity collects old clothes as well as money to help the poor.

(这个慈善团体收集旧衣物和募款来帮助穷人。) 

b.根据上述语意和用法,可知应选 (A)。

2.The man knows his date has been ruined when the woman slowly pulls her hand away...

理由:

a.(A)broke a. 破产的

(B)terrific a. 极佳的

例: That action movie is terrific. I'd recommend it to anyone.

(那部动作片超棒,我要推荐给所有人。) 

(C)ruin vt. 毁坏,破坏

(D)potential a. 有潜能的;可能的 & n. 潜力

例: That horse is a potential champion.

(那匹马有潜力跑冠军。) 

b.根据语意,可知应选 (C)。

3.Things were going fine until the woman felt his sweaty hand.

理由:

a.(A)after conj. 在……之后

(B)until conj. 直到……

例: I have to care for my son until he gets better, so I can't go with you.

(我得照顾我儿子直到他身体好转,所以我没办法和你一起去。) 

(C)though conj. 虽然

(D)because conj. 因为

b.根据语意,可知应选 (B)。

4.Certain foods and drinks, along with nicotine, can also cause increased perspiration.

理由:

a.(A)except for... 除了……之外

注意:

except for 使用时,必须与表完全概念的形容词 all、every、any、no 等并用。

例: Except for a dog, the beggar had nothing.

(除了一只狗外,这个乞丐什么都没有。) 

(B)rather than... 而非……

例: You should tell the child what to do rather than just scold him.

(你应告诉小孩该怎么做,而不是一味责备他。) 

(C)along with... 连同……一起

= together with...

注意:

along with 和 together with 连接主词时,该句动词要随第一个主词作变化。

例: Sally, along with me, has to stay behind after work.

(下班后,莎莉和我都得留下来。) 

(D)In spite of + N/V-ing, S + V 

= Despite + N/V-ing, S + V

尽管∕虽然……,……

例: In spite of being from America, Al hadn't spoken English for years.

(尽管来自美国,艾尔已经多年没说过英文了。) 

b.根据语意、用法,可知应选 (C)。

5.Sweating profusely can be uncomfortable and embarrassing.

理由:

a.(A)amazing a. 令人惊讶的

(B)breathtaking a. 令人叹为观止的

例: The view of the sea from Vicky's house is breathtaking.

(从薇琪家看出去的海景令人叹为观止。) 

(C)satisfying a. 令人满意的

例: Neil finds his new job very satisfying.

(尼尔觉得自己的新工作很令人满意。) 

(D)embarrassing a. 令人尴尬的

b.根据语意,可知应选 (D)。

6.If a person has a serious case of hyperhidrosis, they can take extreme measures.

理由:

a.(A)measure n. 措施,办法(常用复数)

take (...) measures 采取(……)措施

例: The government has taken immediate measures to improve the economy.

(政府已采取立即措施改善经济。) 

(B)offense n. 冒犯;触怒

take offense (at...) (对……)动怒

例: She took offense at my remarks.

(她对我说的话感到生气。) 

(C)method n. 方法

* 无 "take methods" 之用法。

(D)effect n. 效果

take effect 生效

例: The new law will take effect in January next year.

(这条新法规将于明年一月生效。) 

b.根据上述用法及语意,可知应选 (A)。

7.Also, sweat glands can be removed or diminished with minor surgery...

理由:

a.(A)recycle vt. 回收

(B)remove vt. 移除

remove A from B 从 B 移除∕除去 A

例: Please remove your car from my parking space.

(请把你的车从我的停车位移走。) 

(C)recover vt. 重新获得(= regain)& vi. 复原

recover from... 从……复原∕康复

例: After recovering from his illness, Nick decided to take a vacation.

(生病复原后,尼克决定去渡个假。) 

(D)reject vt. 拒绝

b.根据语意,可知应选 (B)。

标准答案: 1. (A) 2. (C) 3. (B) 4. (C) 5. (D) 6. (A) 7. (B) 

精解字词词组

1.ask sb out on a date 约某人外出约会

例: My best friend is going to ask my sister out on a date.

(我最要好的朋友要约我妹妹出去约会。) 

2.do something about... 对……有所行动

do nothing about... 对……没有作为

例: There is no use complaining about your problem. Instead, you should do something about it.

(光抱怨你的问题是没用的;你应该要有所行动才对。) 

3.extreme a. 极度的,极端的 & n. 极端(的手段)

go to extremes 走极端

例: Some people go to extremes to impress their dates.

(有些人会无所不用其极让自己在约会对象的心中留下深刻印象。) 

4.take medication 吃药

注意:

表『吃药』时,不可说成 "eat medication" 或 "eat medicine"。

例: Some diabetics have to take medication every day.

(有些糖尿病患者必须每天服药。) 

5.disable vt. 使无能力;使无法使用

the disabled 残障人士

= the physically challenged

例: No one realized that there was a fire until it was too late because someone had disabled the smoke detectors.

(等到发现火灾时已经太迟了,因为有人把烟雾侦测器弄坏了。) 

6.diminish vt. & vi. 减少,缩小

例: The typhoon's strength is diminishing.

(台风的威力正在减弱中。) 

7.put a damper on... 让……扫兴

例: Nate's bad attitude put a damper on our party.

(奈特差劲的态度让我们的派对扫兴。) 

单字小铺

1. sweat n. 汗水 & vi. 流汗

no sweat 没问题,小意思

2. halfway adv. 中途;半途

3. palm n. 手掌

4. fake a. 假装的

5. slip vi. 溜走,悄悄地走

6. sweaty a. 多汗的

7. hyperhidrosis n. 多汗症

8. excessive a. 过多的

9. forehead n. 额头

10. underarm n. 腋下

11. hereditary a. 遗传的

12. activate vt. 起动,触发

13. anxiety n. 焦虑

14. nicotine n. 尼古丁(香烟中致癌的物质)

15. perspiration n. 流汗

16. profusely adv. 大量地

sweat profusely 汗流浃背

17. treatment n. 治疗

18. minor a. 不严重的;较小的

19. deodorant n. 体香剂,除臭剂

20. Botox n. 肉毒杆菌

21. injection n. 注射

inject vt. 注射

22. gland n. 腺体

sweat gland 汗腺

23. sufferer n. 受苦者;患者



 

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