英语四级

听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

常春藤赖世雄解析英语杂志(54):The Warm, Green Place Called Ice

hetao 于2013-03-20发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
常春藤解析英语杂志由英语名师赖世雄教授编著,收集了很多不同的主题,进行英语听力强化训练。赖教授用解析的方式,把自己亲身学习英语的经验与读者分享,假设读者群也是
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

常春藤解析英语杂志由英语名师赖世雄教授编著,收集了很多不同的主题,进行英语听力强化训练。赖教授用解析的方式,把自己亲身学习英语的经验与读者分享,假设读者群也是和赖教授过去英文很差时一样,以深入浅出的方式,尤其注重字的用法,详尽的为读者解说。

The Warm, Green Place Called Iceland 生机盎然的冰岛

by Kevin Lustig

In the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean, explorers from Norway discovered two islands. The larger one was covered in ice. _(1)_, while icy in the middle, was green and fertile on the coast. Oddly enough, the one with the ice became known as Greenland, while the greener one was called Iceland. _(2)_ its unfriendly name, this beautiful island of only 100,000 square kilometers has drawn explorers, tourists, and immigrants throughout its history.

在北大西洋中央,挪威探险家发现两座岛。面积较大的岛为冰雪所覆盖,另一座岛的中央虽覆盖着冰雪,沿岸却绿意盎然、土地肥沃。奇怪的是,被雪覆盖的岛叫做『格陵兰』(Greenland),而植物较多的岛却称为『冰岛』(Iceland)。尽管名字听起来冷冰冰,这个面积仅十万平方公里的美丽岛国从古至今一直吸引着探险家、游客和移民前来。

Iceland was originally settled around 874 by Viking explorers. They founded Reykjavik, the city that is still the nation's capital. Scandinavian monarchies then _(3)_ Iceland until it became an independent country in 1944. Over the years, more settlers, mostly from Northern Europe and Ireland, have added to Iceland's _(4)_, which reached about 311,000 in 2007.

公元 874 年左右,维京探险家最早定居冰岛。他们建立了雷克亚维克,至今仍是冰岛的首府。而后斯堪地那维亚王国接管该岛,直到 1944 年始成为独立国家。过去几年来,愈来愈多人移居至此,大多来自北欧和爱尔兰,大大增加了冰岛的人口,2007 年时,总人口已近三十一万一千人。

Iceland is one of the globe's most geologically active regions. As a result, Iceland is able to provide most of its own energy from geothermal power, _(5)_ hydropower from its waterfalls and rivers. With the addition of hydrogen technology, it is Iceland's goal to provide all of its own energy from domestic, renewable resources by 2050. If this goal is _(6)_, Iceland will become the world's first developed country that is able to do this.

冰岛是全球地质活动最活跃的区域之一。因此,该国能从地热及瀑布、河流所产生的水力发电供应本身大部分的能源。现在更加入了氢能源科技,冰岛可望在 2050 年,完成所有能源均能自给自足且永续使用的目标。如果能达成这个目标,冰岛将是世界上第一个能做到的已开发国家。

From its unique power sources to its fertile grasslands, Iceland has made the most of its tiny landmass. Though _(7)_ from the nearest land by almost 300 kilometers of ocean, it has managed to thrive. With its new plan for energy independence already set in motion, Iceland should have a bright, prosperous future to match its past.

从其独特的能源到肥沃的草原,冰岛充分利用其狭小的陆地。虽然离最近的大陆至少相隔三百公里的海洋,冰岛却能欣欣向荣。有了正在进行的能源自足新计划,冰岛的未来应该会和过去一样光明灿烂。

练习与答案:

1. (A) The other (B) Another (C) The one (D) One another

2. (A) Regarding (B) Judging from (C) Despite (D) According to

3. (A) turned down (B) went after (C) took over (D) ran into

4. (A) pollution (B) population (C) prosperity (D) prescription

5. (A) but also (B) as well (C) except for (D) along with

6. (A) achieved (B) applied (C) affected (D) adopted

7. (A) isolates (B) isolating (C) isolated (D) to isolate

原来如此

1. The other, while icy in the middle, was green and fertile on the coast.

理由:

a. (A) one...the other... 一个……另一个……(限定的二者)

例: There are two boys in that family. One is very wild; the other is quiet.

(那个家庭有两个男孩。其中一个很野;另一个则很文静。)

(B) one...another... 一个……另一个……(非限定的二者)

例: One way to cook dumplings is to boil them. Another is to fry them.

(用水煮饺子是一种方式;还有一种则是油煎。)

(C) the one...the other... 前者……后者……

= the former...the latter...

(D) one another 彼此

b. 空格前说探险家发现了两座岛,根据上述用法,可知应选 (A)。

2. Despite its unfriendly name, this beautiful island of only 100,000 square kilometers has drawn explorers, tourists, and immigrants throughout its history.

理由:

a. (A) regarding + N/V-ing 关于……

= concerning + N/V-ing

例: Regarding the new plan, let's discuss it again at next week's meeting.

(关于新计划,我们在下周的会议再讨论。)

(B) judging from + N/V-ing 从……看来

例: Judging from your reaction, you don't like this dish very much.

(从你的反应看来,你不是很喜欢这道菜。)

(C) despite + N/V-ing 尽管∕虽然……

= in spite of + N/V-ing

例: Despite his efforts, he was unable to finish his homework on time.

(尽管他很努力,还是无法准时写完作业。)

(D) according to... 根据……

b. 根据语意,可知应选 (C)。

3. Scandinavian monarchies then took over Iceland until it became an independent country in 1944.

理由:

a. (A) turn down... 拒绝……

(B) go after... 追赶……;追求……

例: Jamie's dog ran out of the house, so she had to go after him.

(洁咪的狗跑出屋外,所以她必须追出去。)

(C) take over... 接管∕接掌……

例: Chris is planning to take over his father's company.

(克里斯计划接管父亲的公司。)

(D) run into... (偶然)碰见……

= bump into...

例: I ran into an old friend on my way to the market.

(我上市场的途中巧遇一位老友。)

b. 根据语意,可知应选 (C)。

4. ..., more settlers, mostly from Northern Europe and Ireland, have added to Iceland's population, which reached about 311,000 in 2007.

理由:

a. (A) pollution n. 污染

(B) population n. 人口

(C) prosperity n. 兴旺,繁荣

(D) prescription n. 处方,药方

b. 根据语意,可知应选 (B)。

5. As a result, Iceland is able to provide most of its own energy from geothermal power, along with hydropower from its waterfalls and rivers.

理由:

a. (A) but also 通常与 not only 并用,形成下列用法:

not only...but also... 不仅……而且……

= not only...but...as well

例: The food here is not only delicious but also inexpensive.

(这里的食物不仅美味,价格也不贵。)

(B) ..., as well 也……

(C) except for... 除了……之外

例: Everyone except for Tim went on the trip.

(除了提姆以外,所有人都参加了这趟旅行。)

(D) along with... 连同……(一起)

例: Jenny, along with her boyfriend, enjoys stinky tofu.

(珍妮和她男友都喜欢吃臭豆腐。)

b. 根据语意、用法,可知应选 (D)。

6. If this goal is achieved, Iceland will become the world's first developed country that is able to do this.

理由:

a. (A) achieve vt. 完成,实现

achieve one's goal 实现某人的目标

= accomplish one's goal

= attain one's goal

例: You can achieve your goals if you work hard and stay focused.

(只要努力和专心,你就可以实现目标。)

(B) apply vt. 运用

apply A to B 把 A 运用在 B 上

例: Scientists are trying to apply solar technology to automobiles.

(科学家正设法将太阳能科技运用在汽车上。)

(C) affect vt. 影响

(D) adopt vt. 采取;收养

b. 空格前有名词 goal(目标),故根据语意,可知应选 (A)。

7. Though isolated from the nearest land by almost 300 km of ocean, it has managed to thrive.

理由:

a. 空格前为副词连接词 Though,之后则无主词和动词,可知此为副词子句化简为副词词组之句构。

b. 空格后为介词词组 from the nearest land(距离最近的陆地),得知应置入一及物动词的过去分词。由此可知,本空格应选 (C) isolated。

c. 本句解析如下:

Though it is isolated from the nearest land by almost 300 km of ocean, it has...

→ Though isolated from the nearest land by almost 300 km of ocean, it has...

d. isolate vt. 使孤立;隔离

be isolated from... 与……隔绝∕隔离

例: The prisoners were completely isolated from the world.

(这些囚犯与外界完全隔绝。)

标准答案: 1. (A) 2. (C) 3. (C) 4. (B) 5. (D) 6. (A) 7.

精解字词词组

1. be covered in/with... 为……所覆盖

例: I was covered in bruises after falling down the stairs.

(我从楼梯跌下来后,全身是瘀青。) 

2. Oddly enough, S + V 说也奇怪,……

= It is odd + that 子句

例: Oddly enough, my teacher told us all to practice writing English backwards.

(说来奇怪,老师叫我们全都倒着写英文。) 

3. settle vt. 殖民于;定居于 & vi. 定居,安顿

settle down 安顿下来,安定下来

例: Rachel would like to settle down in the mountains.

(瑞秋想在山中定居下来。) 

4. add to... 增加∕增添……

例: The new lamps really add to the dcor of this room.

(新的灯具确实增添了这房间的美感。) 

5. make the most of... 善加利用……

= make the best use of...

= take full advantage of...

例: You won't get another chance like this, so make the most of it.

(同样的机会不会再有第二次,所以你得好好善用这个良机。) 

6. thrive vi. 繁荣,兴盛

例: Our nation's economy was doing poorly two years ago, but now it's thriving.

(我们国家的经济两年前很差,但现在正蓬勃发展。)

7. set...in motion 使……开始(动起来)

例: With five minutes left in the game, we set our secret plan in motion.

(当比赛只剩五分钟时,我们开始使出秘密战术。) 

单字小铺

1. Atlantic Ocean n. 大西洋(与定冠词 the 并用)

2. icy a. 被冰覆盖的;冰冷的

3. fertile a. 肥沃的

4. unfriendly a. 不利的;不友善的

5. immigrant n.(自外地移入的)移民

emigrant n.(移居他国的)移民

6. originally adv. 起初,原先

7. monarchy n. 君主国

8. independent a. 独立的

9. geologically adv. 地质学上地

10. geothermal a. 地热的

11. hydropower n. 水力发电

12. addition n. 增加,增强

13. hydrogen n. 氢

14. renewable resources丗丗可再生的能源

renewable a. 可再生的

15. developed country丗丗已开发国家

16. landmass n. 大陆,地块

17. independence n. 独立

18. prosperous a. 富足的,繁荣的




 

 1 2 下一页

分享到

添加到收藏

听力节目排行