英语四级

听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

常春藤赖世雄解析英语杂志(97):The Sea is the Place to Be海底世

hetao 于2013-03-19发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
《常春藤赖世雄解析英语杂志》解析作文词汇测验文坛巨擎-哈金(1)文坛巨擎-哈金(2)小荧幕里的畅销书原味主厨奥利佛网路的坏处试译下列各句解析文法(2)讽刺漫画引发群众
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

《常春藤赖世雄解析英语杂志》解析作文词汇测验文坛巨擎-哈金(1)文坛巨擎-哈金(2)小荧幕里的畅销书原味主厨奥利佛网路的坏处试译下列各句解析文法(2)讽刺漫画引发群众暴动揭开塔罗牌的神秘面纱世界正等着你网路购物乌龙记翻译历史学家(1)历史学家(2)双语教育 学习双效圣经传说周英雄天翻地覆解析文法。

The Sea is the Place to Be 海底世界乐悠悠

by Matthew Brown

Scuba diving is one of the ultimate ways to get away from it all.

水肺潜水是远离尘嚣的首选之一。Walking around is fine, but have you ever longed to be able to move in any direction you want? Why not have stunningly beautiful creatures of many colors moving gracefully around you while you're at it? If this sounds _(1)_ to you, start saving money to learn how to scuba dive.

四处走走是很惬意的一件事,但你是否曾渴望能四面八方、上下左右任意地移动?当你悠游其中时,何不让色彩缤纷的美丽生物在你身边优雅地移动?如果这主意听起来很吸引人,那么开始存钱学水肺潜水(深潜)吧!

Scuba diving is a way of swimming underwater without having to come up for air every minute _(2)_. Scuba divers wear scuba equipment, the most important of _(3)_ is the oxygen tank or some other air source. With an oxygen tank, divers can stay underwater for a long time. Also important is the diving mask, which allows divers to clearly see fish, plants, rocks, _(4)_ ships, or whatever else is around. Most divers also wear flippers _(5)_ webbed feet that help them swim easily. And if the water is cold, specially _(6)_ suits can keep a diver warm.

水肺潜水是一种在水底的游泳方式,可以不必每隔一阵子就浮出水面换气。水肺潜水员身着深潜装备,其中最重要的是氧气筒或其它的供氧器具。有了氧气筒,潜水员就可以在水底待上很长一段时间。潜水镜也很重要,那是用来让潜水员可以清楚地看见鱼、植物、礁石、沉船或身边其它任何的东西。大部分的潜水员也会穿上像蹼一样的蛙鞋,以利更轻松地划水前进。如果海水很冷,也有特殊设计的潜水衣可让潜水员保持体温。

After getting the equipment, the diver is ready to dive, right? Not quite. Diving is _(7)_ dangerous and it requires training. Most of the _(8)_ can easily be avoided if the diver knows how to be careful. If not, serious accidents can occur. If there's a problem with the air tank, the diver could _(9)_ stuck too far underwater to be able to get up in time to breathe. Also, divers have to avoid going down too far too quickly, because this can _(10)_ serious damage to the body.

装备齐全后,潜水员就可以下水深潜了,对吧?那可不行。深潜其实有点危险,所以潜水员需要先经过训练。如果潜水员知道如何小心防范,就可以轻易避免掉大多数的危险。如果不够小心,就有可能会发生严重的意外。要是氧气筒出了问题,潜水员最后可能会受困在过深的水底而无法及时浮上水面呼吸。另外,潜水员也必须避免以过快的速度潜入过深的海底,因为这有可能对身体造成严重的伤害。

Once you've had some training, though, you're ready to take a dive and explore a whole new world under the sea.

不过一旦接受过训练,你就可以准备潜入深海,一探海底新世界!

(A) risks (B) somewhat (C) designed (D) which (E) or so (F) sunken (G) appealing (H) result in (I) resembling (J) end up

答案讲解:

1. If this sounds appealing to you, start saving money to learn how to scuba dive.

理由:

a. 空格前有感官动词 sounds(听起来),可知空格内应填入形容词作补语。

b. 选项中,可作形容词的有 (C) designed(设计过的)、(F) sunken(沉没的)以及 (G) appealing(吸引人的),惟 (G) 置入后符合语意,表如果这主意听起来很『吸引人』,那么开始存钱学水肺潜水吧!故选 (G)。

c. appealing a. 吸引人的

例: The idea of studying abroad is very appealing to me.

(出国留学的念头让我很心动。)

2. Scuba diving is a way of swimming underwater without having to come up for air every minute or so.

理由:

a. 空格前为一完整的句构,由此可知,位于句尾的空格内应填入副词或副词词组。

b. 符合上述条件的选项有 (B) somewhat(有点)和 (E) or so(大约),然仅 (E) 置入后符合语意,故选之。

c. 数字∕数量词 + N + or so 大约……(数目左右)的……

例: Every few months or so I try to spend a few days on the beach.

(每隔几个月左右,我就会设法到海边待上几天。)

3. Scuba divers wear scuba equipment, the most important of which is the oxygen tank or some other air source.

理由:

a. 空格前有介词 of,可知空格内应置入名词或动名词。又因前面有一完整的句子,所以空格内应填入关系代名词,以引导形容词子句,修饰前面的名词词组 scuba equipment(深潜装备)。

b. 根据上述,可知应选 (D) which。此处关系代名词 which 置入空格后,即等于名词词组 the scuba equipment,表『这些深潜装备』中,最重要的是氧气筒或其它的供氧器具。

例: Chris has lots of rare baseball cards, some of which are worth thousands of dollars.

(克里斯拥有许多罕见的棒球卡,其中有些价值数千元。)

4. Also important is the diving mask, which allows divers to clearly see fish, plants, rocks, sunken ships, or whatever else is around.

理由:

a. 空格后有名词 ships(船),可知应置入形容词,以修饰 ships。

b. 选项中可作形容词的尚有 (C) designed(设计过的)和 (F) sunken(沉没的),惟 (F) 置入后符合语意,表潜水员可以清楚地看见鱼、植物、礁石、『沉』船或身边其它任何的东西,故选之。

c. sunken a. 沉没的,沉入水中的

注意:

sunken 与 sunk 均为 sink 的过去分词,sunken 通常作属性形容词用,修饰其后的名词,如:sunken ship(沉船)、sunken treasure(水底的宝藏);而 sunk 则通常置于 be 动词之后作补语,或置于完成式助动词之后,而不可作属性形容词。

例: Marco likes to explore sunken ships and underwater caves when he dives.

(马可在潜水时,喜欢去沉船及水底洞穴探险。)

例: Many ships have sunk into the waters of the Bermuda Triangle.

(许多船只在百慕达三角洲的海域沉没。)

5. Most divers also wear flippers resembling webbed feet that help them swim easily.

理由:

a. 空格前为一完整的句构,而空格后有名词词组 webbed feet(有蹼的脚),由此可知,空格内应置入分词形成分词词组,作形容词用,修饰前面句子中的名词 flippers(蛙鞋)。

b. 符合上述条件的选项仅剩 (C) designed(设计过的)和 (I) resembling(像……),惟 (I) 置入后符合语意,表大部分的潜水员也会穿上『像』蹼一样的蛙鞋,故选之。

c. 此处的现在分词词组乃由以下的形容词子句化简而成:

Most divers also wear flippers which resemble webbed feet that help them swim easily.

d. resemble vt. 像,类似

resemblance n. 相似

bear a close resemblance to sb 和某人长得很像

例: Tim resembles the star of the movie I watched yesterday.

(提姆长得很像我昨天看的那部电影里的明星。)

例: Have I ever told you that you bear a close resemblance to my brother?

(我有说过你长得很像我哥哥吗?)

6. And if the water is cold, specially designed suits can keep a diver warm.

理由:

a. 空格前有副词 specially(特别地),之后有名词 suits(衣服),可知空格应置入形容词,以修饰 suits。

b. 选项中为形容词的仅剩 (C) designed(设计过的),置入后亦符合语意,表如果海水很冷,也有特殊『设计的』潜水衣可让潜水员保持体温,故选之。

7. Diving is somewhat dangerous and it requires training.

理由:

a. 空格前有 be 动词 is,后有形容词 dangerous(危险的),可知应置入副词,以修饰 dangerous。

b. 选项中为副词的仅剩 (B) somewhat(有点),置入后亦符合语意,表深潜其实『有点』危险,所以潜水员需要先经过训练,故选之。

c. somewhat adv. 有点,稍微

例: Mrs. Lin is somewhat puzzled by her daughter's recent behavior.

(林太太对她女儿近来的行为感到有些不解。)

8. Most of the risks can be easily avoided if the diver knows how to be careful.

理由:

a. 空格前有介词 of 和定冠词 the,可知应置入名词。

b. 选项中为名词的只有 (A) risks(危险,风险),置入后亦符合语意,表如果潜水员知道如何小心防范,那么就可以轻易避免掉大多数的『危险』,故选之。

9. If there's a problem with the air tank, the diver could end up stuck too far underwater to be able to get up in time to breathe.

理由:

a. 空格前有助动词 could,可知应置入原形动词或原形动词词组。

b. 符合上述条件的有 (H) result in(导致、造成)和 (J) end up(最后∕结果……),而由空格后的过去分词 stuck(被困的)可知,空格应置入 end up,因为 end up 可作不完全不及物动词词组,其后可接现在分词作补语,但若此现在分词为 being 时,则 being 可予以省略,本句的空格后就是省略 being,而直接接过去分词 stuck,因此 (J) 为正选。

c. end up + 现在分词∕介词词组 结果∕最后∕到头来……

例: All flights to Taipei were fully booked, so we ended up taking the train.

(所有飞往台北的班机都已客满,所以我们最后搭火车去。)

例: He warned me that if I break my curfew one more time, I will end up (being) seriously punished.

(他警告我如果我再逾时未归,后果是我会受到严厉的处罚。)

10. Also, divers have to avoid going down too far too quickly, because this can result in serious damage to the body.

理由:

a. 空格前有助动词 can,可知应置入原形动词或原形动词词组。

b. 符合上述条件的选项仅剩 (H) result in(导致、造成),置入后亦符合语意,故选之。

c. result in... 导致∕造成……

result from... 起因于……

例: The terrorist attack resulted in tighter security measures in US airports.

(那起恐怖攻击事件导致美国各机场采取更严格的安检措施。)

例: Their divorce resulted from years of fighting.

(他们之所以离婚是由于常年争吵所致。)

标准答案: 1. (G) 2. (E) 3. (D) 4. (F) 5. (I) 6. (C) 7. (B) 8. (A) 9. (J) 10. (H) 

精解字词词组

1. long to V 渴望做……

例: Jill has always longed to open up her own coffee shop.

(吉儿一直渴望能自己开一家咖啡店。)

2. direction n. 方向(其前通常与介词 in 并用)

例: You are going in the wrong direction if you're trying to find the park.

(如果你是在找那座公园的话,那你就走错方向了。)

3. stunningly adv. 绝妙地;极好地

stunning a. 极漂亮的

例: The new vice president is stunningly handsome.

(新上任的副总裁真是帅得没话说。)

例: The new lipstick Gina wears looks stunning on her.

(吉娜擦的新口红使她看起来美极了。)

4. be ready to V 准备好(做)……

= be all set to V

例: Let me know when you're ready to begin.

(你准备好要开始时就让我知道。)

5. stick vt. 困住;使动弹不得

三态为:stick, stuck , stuck。

be stuck in... 被困在∕陷在……中

例: Al was stuck in an elevator for about half an hour last night.

(昨晚艾尔被困在电梯里大约半个小时。)

6. in time + to V/for N 及时∕来得及(做)……

on time 准时

例: Irene made it to the party in time to see Ed blow out the candles.

(艾琳及时抵达庆生会看艾德把蜡烛吹熄。)

例: No matter how busy he is, Dad always gets home in time for dinner.

(无论多忙,老爸总是会及时赶回家吃晚饭。)

例: The 3:00 PM train from Taichung is almost always on time.

(下午 3 点从台中发出的火车几乎都很准时。)

7. Once + S + V, S + V 一旦……,就……

例: Once you start lying, it is hard to stop.

(一旦扯了谎,就很难不继续下去。)

单字小铺

1. gracefully adv. 优美地,优雅地

2. scuba dive vi. 水肺潜水,深潜

scuba diving n. 水肺潜水,深潜

scuba n. 潜水用的水中呼吸器,水肺

3. diver n. 潜水员

4. oxygen n. 氧气

5. mask n. 面罩;面具

6. flipper n. 蛙鞋;脚蹼

7. webbed a. 有蹼的

web n. 蹼;蜘蛛网

8. damage n. 损伤,损失

9. explore vt. 探索;探险


 

 1 2 下一页

分享到

添加到收藏

听力节目排行