英语单词

听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

BBC随身英语: 城市的未来

hxyxm 于2019-11-06发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
据联合国的一份报告,全球54%的人口都居住在城市。报告还预测,到2050年,这一人数会增加到70%。本期《随身英语》讨论城市发展随之带来的机遇和挑战。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

The city of the future

城市的未来

For centuries, people have moved to and lived in cities. These sprawling urban centres are places to find work, friends and fun. It's no surprise that they continue to grow as more and more people flood in hoping to make the most of the opportunities they offer but adding to the congestion and pollution that already exists.

据联合国的一份报告,全球54%的人口都居住在城市。报告还预测,到2050年,这一人数会增加到70%。但是人们都为了抓住更好的机遇而从农村搬到城市,最终的结果只会是无处可居。

According to a report by the United Nations, 54 per cent of the world's population lives in urban areas and it predicts that by 2050, this figure will have increased to around 70 per cent. But as more and more people migrate from the countryside to the city to get better opportunities, they can end up with nowhere to live.

这并不是危言耸听。比如,搬到里约热内卢的人们因为租不起也买不起房子,最后都在未被占用的空地上自己建房子,形成自己的社区,也就是棚户区——这些贫困区的人们建房子所用的材料都是破铜烂铁和塑料板——并且通常是不通水电的。

This is true in places such as Rio de Janeiro, where migrants can't rent or buy a home, and they end up building their own communities and houses on unoccupied land. These are called shanty towns - poor communities where the houses are built out of cheap materials like corrugated iron and plastic sheeting - and often don't have any electricity or water supply.

当然,这不是我们想要看到的未来大城市的样子。人们需要严格制定一些城市规划,让我们未来的城市美好,安全,宜居。这包含改善基础设施、住房条件以及教育和就业就会等。

These are, of course, not the megacities of the future we want to see. Some serious urban planning is needed to make our cities of the future good, safe and modern places to live in. This involves improving the infrastructure, the housing conditions and also the opportunities for education and employment.

城市规划师现在思考的是建立“智能城市”。非盈利机构新城市基金会的创始人兼主席约翰·罗森表示,科技是未来的方向。他认为,人们普遍认可的是观点是“云计算,无所不在的网络,5G网络机器人等等这些东西能改变我们的城市。”他表示,在城市化的进程中,科技是真正能左右大局的东西。科技可以收集城市建立的大数据,并能借此改善城市的运营状况。

Something urban planners are looking at now is the creation of 'smart cities'. According to John Rossant, founder and chairman of the non-profit organisation New Cities Foundation, technology is the way forward. He thinks that it's generally accepted that "cloud computing, ubiquitous internet, robust 5G networks etc, will transform our cities." He says technology is really "a game changer", in urbanisation. It would collect large amounts of data about how a city is performing and may improve how a city functions.

这听起来像是乌托邦似的想法。目前,世界上的一些城市和城市集群正在尝试开展相对低技术手段的计划,以使城市变成适合工作和生活的地方。其中的方式是建立产权共享住房,改善交通环境。鼓励人们骑自行车出行并建立自行车道能使市民更加健康,也能减少空气污染。是什么能让你的城市变得更宜居呢?

This may sound like a utopian view. For now, some cities and conurbations around the world are trying out more low-tech schemes to try and make them desirable places to live and work in. Building shared-ownership housing and improving public transport are some ways. And encouraging cycling and building bike lanes can keep the population healthy and cut down on smog. What would make your city a better place to live in?

词汇表

 

杂乱无序地扩展

sprawling

城市中心

urban centre

拥堵,堵塞

congestion

污染

pollution

移居

migrate

(大城市中心或近郊的)棚户区

shanty town

大城市(由指人口超过一千万的城市)

megacity

城市规划

urban planning

基础设施

infrastructure

似乎无处不在的

ubiquitous

改变游戏规则的人或物

a game changer

运行,工作

to function

乌托邦似的

utopian

(由多个城市连接组成的)大城市

conurbation

令人向往的

desirable

公共交通

public transport

 1 2 下一页

分享到

添加到收藏

听力节目排行