英语单词

听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

BBC: 糟糕的睡眠会影响你的心理健康

zlxxm 于2019-12-13发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
我们每天都需要足够的睡眠来保持和恢复体力。一项研究发现缺觉不仅会影响我们的身体健康而且还会给我们的心理健康造成危害。本集《随身英语》讨论不良睡眠的影响
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Bad sleep

糟糕的睡眠会影响你的心理健康

How much sleep do you need? Do you find that if you don't get enough shut-eye and wake up feeling dopey, you spend the rest of the day in a bad mood? I certainly need my eight hours a night and that's important according to research, because bad sleep isn't good for our health.

你需要多少睡眠?你有没有发现如果睡眠不足,迷迷糊糊地醒来,那一整天的心情都会不好。我每天晚上必须睡够8小时。研究指出,8小时睡眠时间是很重要的,因为睡眠不好会影响健康。

We all need a good night's rest to recharge our batteries, but according to the Sleep Council in the UK, the average Briton gets six-and-a-half hours sleep a night, which for most people is not enough. It's tempting to cut back on the sleep we get, after all there are plenty of other more fun or useful things to be doing. Sometimes the pressure of work or a long commute means that our head hits the pillow much later than it should. But lots of studies have shown that cutting back on sleep, deliberately or otherwise, can have a serious impact on our bodies.

我们都需要好好睡上一觉补充精力,但据英国睡眠协会的研究,英国人的平均睡眠时间是六个半小时,对于大多数人来说,这都是不够的。减少睡眠是很诱人的,毕竟还有很多其他更有趣或有用的事情可以去做。有时候,工作的压力或长途通勤意味着我们要晚于正常时间入眠。但大量研究表明,有意或无意地减少睡眠时间,会对我们的身体产生严重影响。

Studies have proved that sleep deprivation has a negative effect on our bodies but it can also have an effect on our mental health. A BBC programme called Trust Me, I'm a Doctor ran an experiment with the University of Oxford and was surprised to discover how quickly the mood of the people they were testing changed when their sleep was restricted to four hours a night for just three nights. Doctoral student, Sarah Reeve, who ran the experiment, said: "There were increases in anxiety, depression and stress, also increases in paranoia and feelings of mistrust about other people".

研究证明,睡眠不足不仅对我们的身体有负面影响,而且也会影响我们的心理健康。在一档叫Trust Me的BBC节目中,一名博士在牛津大学进行了一项实验。这项实验将志愿者的睡眠时间限制在每晚4个小时,仅仅过了三天晚上,我发现他们的心情变化快到令人惊讶。开展这项试验的博士生Sarah Reeve表示:“他们的焦虑感,沮丧感和压力都有所增强,而且这还增强了他们的多疑心理,产生了不信任他人的感觉。”

This and other research into the mental health of students, has found that the lack of sleep increases our negative emotions. I know that when I'm sleep deprived, it is harder to feel positive about things or even think straight! Daniel Freeman, professor of clinical psychology at Oxford University, agrees that insomnia is bad for our brain. He says: "We have more negative thoughts when we're sleep-deprived and we get stuck in them".

这项以及其他有关学生心理健康的研究发现,睡眠不足会增加我们的负面情绪。我知道当我睡眠不足时,很难抱有积极的心态,甚至无法正确思考!牛津大学临床心理学教授丹尼尔·弗里曼也认为失眠对我们的大脑有所损害。他表示:“当我们睡眠不足时,我们会有更多的消极想法并且挥之不去。”

Bad sleep doesn't automatically mean you'll get mental health issues but other studies have shown that depriving people of enough sleep for only a few nights in a row can be enough to put healthy adults into a pre-diabetic state. So with all this evidence maybe we should concentrate on sleeping well. This means going to bed at a sensible time and creating the right environment in the bedroom to relax and sleep in. There's also the modern distraction of using smartphones and tablets at bedtime, tempting us to stay awake. The blue light emitted by electronic devices makes us feel less sleepy. And using them stimulates our brain when it should be winding down. What helps you get a good night's sleep?

糟糕的睡眠并不一定意味着你会有心理健康问题,但其他研究表明,只需连续几天让人们睡眠不足就足以让健康的成年人进入糖尿病前期状态。所以,也许我们应该想想如何睡好觉。这意味着要在一个合理的时间上床,并且需要在卧室里创造一个适当的环境,这样才能放松和入睡。此外,睡前使用智能手机和平板电脑也是干扰之一,它们诱使我们保持清醒。电子设备发出的蓝光减轻了我们的困意,当我们的大脑应该放松的时候,使用它们会刺激我们的大脑。有什么能让你睡个好觉呢?

 

词汇表

shut-eye

闭眼,睡眠

wake up

醒来

dopey

嗜睡的,迷迷糊糊的

recharge our batteries

恢复我们的体力

head hits the pillow

头挨枕头,睡觉

cut back

减少

sleep deprivation

睡眠不足

mental health

心理健康

anxiety

焦虑(症)

paranoia

多疑,妄想症

lack of sleep

缺觉

negative emotions

负面情绪

think straight

清楚地思考,思路清晰

insomnia

失眠(症)

pre-diabetic state

糖尿病前期状态

sleepy

困的,瞌睡的

stimulate

刺激

wind down

平静下来,放松

 1 2 下一页

分享到

添加到收藏

听力节目排行