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BBC: 中小学生应做兼职工作吗?

zlxxm 于2019-12-19发布 l 已有人浏览
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以前,英国中小学生在校期间会寻找一些简单的兼职零工。而如今,在校期间做兼职的学生人数越来越少,这是为什么呢?本集《随身英语》探讨学生在校期间打零工的利与弊。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Should schoolchildren have jobs?

中小学生应做兼职工作吗?

When you were at school, the last thing you probably wanted to do was spend your weekends going to work. There was homework to do, sport to play and fun to be had. But our parents probably persuaded us to find a job to earn some money and get some life experience. When I was a teenager I had a paper round: delivering newspapers to people's homes. I then progressed to a Saturday job in a supermarket: stacking shelves and working at the checkout.

上学的时候,你可能最不想做的事情就是周末去上班。有作业要做,有运动要玩,有乐趣要享受。但父母可能会说服我们去找一份工作以补贴家用并获取一些生活经验。我十几岁的时候送过报纸:也就是把报纸给人家送上门。然后我在一家超市找到了一份周六上班的工作:码货和收银。

Today in the UK you are allowed to work from the age of 13, and many children do take up part-time jobs. It's one of those things that is seen almost as a rite of passage. It's a taste of independence and sometimes a useful thing to put on your CV. Teenagers agree that it teaches valuable lessons about working with adults and also about managing your money. So, that's no bad thing!

今天的英国,13岁就可以参加工作,很多孩子都做兼职。这几乎被看作是一种成人仪式。这是一种关于独立的体验,还能作为有用的经历写进简历中。青少年们一致认为,他们从中学会了与成年人一起工作以及如何理财的宝贵经验。所以,这并不是什么坏事!

Some research has shown that not taking on a Saturday or holiday job could be detrimental to a person later on. A 2015 study by the UK Commission on Employment and Skills found that not participating in part-time work at school age had been blamed by employers' organisations for young adults being ill-prepared for full-time employment. But despite this, recent statistics have shown that the number of schoolchildren in the UK with a part-time job has fallen by a fifth in the past five years.

一些研究表明,周末从事兼职工作可能对孩子以后的生活有好处。英国就业与技能委员会2015年的一项研究发现,雇主组织一直将年轻人对全职工作准备不足归咎于他们在在学期间没有参加兼职工作。但尽管如此,最近的统计数据显示,在过去5年里,英国在校学生兼职的人数下降了五分之一。

So, does this mean that British teenagers are now more afraid of hard graft? Probably not. Some experts feel that young people feel going out to work will hinder their performance at school, and they are under more pressure now to study hard and get good exam results - and a good job in the long term. However, Geoff Barton, general secretary of the Association of School and College Leaders, told BBC News that "Properly regulated part-time work is a good way of helping young people learn skills that they will need in their working lives." In reality, it's all about getting the right balance between doing part-time work and having enough time to study and rest.

那么,这是否意味着英国青少年现在更害怕吃苦呢?可能不是。一些专家认为,年轻人觉得兼职打工会影响他们在学校的表现,他们现在面临更大的学习压力,要努力取得好成绩——往远了说,以后还要找到一份好工作。然而,学校和大学领导协会秘书长GeoffBarton告诉BBC新闻,“适度的兼职工作能帮助年轻人学习以后工作中需要的技能。”实际上,关键是要平衡好做兼职的时间和足够的时间学习与休息时间。

Many young people actually want to work because it gives them a sense of freedom. One 13 year-old girl called Rachel, who has a Saturday job in a shop, told the BBC that "I enjoy my job because I'm earning money and it helps my confidence speaking to people and socialising with people I work with." That seems like something worth getting up for on a Saturday morning. Did you do a part-time job when you were at school?

实际上,许多年轻人想工作,因为工作给他们一种自由的感觉。一位名叫瑞秋的13岁女孩周六在一家商店打工。她在接受BBC采访时说:“我喜欢我的工作,因为我可以挣钱,这有助于我自信地与人交谈,并与同事进行社交。”这可以看做是是周六早起的动力。你上学时做过兼职吗?

 

词汇表

life experience

生活经历

paper round

(通常由中小学生做的)上门送报服务

Saturday job

周六工作,业余零工

stack shelves

码放货架上的物品,整理货架

checkout

付款台,结账处

part-time

兼职的

rite of passage

成人仪式

independence

自主,自立,独立

CV

简历

detrimental

有危害的

ill-prepared

准备不足的

full-time employment

全职工作

hard graft

艰苦奋斗

hinder

阻碍,妨碍

regulated

(按照规定或法律)管理的

sense of freedom

自由感

confidence

自信

socialise

交往,交际

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