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BBC随身英语听力:学习外语的重要性

kira86 于2020-03-10发布 l 已有人浏览
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青少年的外语水平是否会影响他们的国际竞争力?在英国,哪几门外语的热度近年来有明显的提升?本集内容通过讲述因学习外语而获益的几个真人真事,分析外语学习的重要性。
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Language learning

学习外语的重要性

As you probably know, learning a foreign language is sometimes challenging. But it can also be fun. We spend hundreds of hours at school trying to get our tongues round different vocabulary and grammar in order to earn a qualification. But learning to speak a second language is more than just passing an exam - it opens doors to new opportunities, helps you to communicate with others and makes travelling overseas more fulfilling.

你可能知道,学习一门外语有时是有挑战性的。但它也可以很有趣。为了获得资格证书,我们在学校花了几百个小时学习不同的词汇和语法。但学习外语的好处不仅仅是通过考试——你还能因此获得新的机遇,还可以帮助你与他人交流,让出国旅行更顺利。

It might come as a surprise that, according to research by the BBC, the number of teenagers learning foreign languages in UK secondary schools has dropped by 45% since the turn of the millennium. German and French have fallen the most. While these languages from two of the UK's closest trading partners have declined at GCSE level, there has been a noticeable surge in some others, such as Spanish and Mandarin.

据BBC的一项调查显示,自世纪之交以来,英国中学学习外语的青少年人数下降了45%,这可能会让人感到意外。德国和法国跌幅最大。尽管英国两个最亲密的贸易伙伴的英语水平在GCSE考试中有所下降,但西班牙语和普通话等其他一些语言的水平却显著上升。

Another survey of secondary schools suggests a third of students have dropped at least one language from their GCSE exam options. There are many reasons for this, including a perception by some students that languages are difficult. Getting to grips with the lingo of another country can certainly be a challenge and some pupils think 'Why bother?' when English is spoken by hundreds of millions of people worldwide. Others have questioned the need for a second language when translation technology is advancing.

另一项针对中学的调查显示,三分之一的学生在GCSE考试中放弃了至少一门外语。原因有很多,其中包括一些学生认为语言太难学。当然,掌握另一个国家的语言是一项挑战,因此有一些学生认为“何必麻烦呢?”“当全世界数亿人都说英语的时候。另一些人则质疑随着翻译技术的进步,是否还有必要学习第二语言。

Matthew Fell, chief UK policy director for business group the CBI, has told the BBC that "The decline in language learning in schools must be reversed, or else the UK will be less competitive globally and young people less prepared for the modern world." But even for those who are keen to study another language, the opportunity is being reduced. In Scotland, for example, foreign language subjects are being squeezed out of many secondary school timetables with some head teachers blaming pressure on the curriculum.

英国商业组织英国工商业联合会政策主管马修·费尔在接受采访时表示,“学校语言学习的下降情况必须得到扭转,否则英国在全球的竞争力将会下降,年轻人对现代世界的准备也会更加不足。”但即使对那些热衷于学习另一门语言的人来说,学习机会也在减少。例如,在苏格兰,许多中学的课程表上都把外语课程删除了,原因是一些校长认为学生们课程压力太大。

However, some native English speakers have told the BBC about the benefits of speaking another tongue. Cassandra Scott, from Edinburgh, studied three languages in her final year at school. She is now a freelance translator in Edinburgh, and says "Learning languages at school really set the course for my career."

然而,一些以英语为母语的人向BBC指出了掌握外语的好处。来自爱丁堡的卡珊德拉·斯科特在学校的最后一年学习了三门语言。她现在是爱丁堡的一名自由译者,她说:“在校时的语言学习为我的职业生涯打下了基础。”

 

词汇表

foreign language

外语

get your tongue round something

“舌头转过弯来”,正确发出…音

vocabulary

词汇

grammar

语法

qualification

资格证书,文凭

second language

第二语言

open doors to something

为(新事物)敞开大门,使…成为可能

German

德语

French

法语

Spanish

西班牙语

Mandarin

普通话

get to grips with

理解,掌握

lingo

外语

translation

翻译

foreign language subject

外语学科

curriculum

全部课程

native English speaker

英语为母语者

tongue

语言

translator

译者,翻译家

set the course for

为…指明方向

career

职业

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