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BBC随身英语听力: 从玩游戏上瘾得出的一点思考

kira86 于2020-03-16发布 l 已有人浏览
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随着科技的发展,电子游戏已成为现代人用来丰富生活、寻求挑战的一项娱乐活动。虽然玩游戏可以放松身心,但有些人却沉迷在幻想的世界中,无法自拔。玩游戏上瘾这一趋势
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Are we addicted to video games?

从玩游戏上瘾得出的一点思考

It's human nature to want to play. From board games to sports, games have been an integral part of human culture since time immemorial. Since their invention in the mid-20th century, video games have been among the most popular pastimes. In fact, in 2018 UK gamers spent on average over seven hours a week playing, according to market research conducted by global network provider Limelight. But how much is too much? When does entertainment become an addiction? Are we hooked on video games?

想要玩耍是人类的天性。从棋类游戏到体育运动,游戏自古以来就是人类文化不可分割的一部分。自20世纪中期电子游戏问世以来,它一直是最受欢迎的消遣方式之一。事实上,根据全球网络提供商Limelight进行的市场调查,2018年英国玩家平均每周花在游戏上的时间超过7小时。但是多少才算太多呢?什么时候娱乐变成了一种瘾?我们沉迷于电子游戏吗?

The urge to play never goes away,' said Sean - not his real name - on the BBC's Victoria Derbyshire programme. His fixation with gaming once involved playing for 48 hours straight. It consumed him to the point he would ignore his family and children and ended up losing them along with his job and home. Since then he has checked into rehab, and despite falling off the wagon once or twice, he has been on track for the last 14 months.

在英国广播公司(BBC)的维多利亚·德比郡节目中,肖恩(化名)说:“玩的冲动从来不会消失。”他对游戏的痴迷程度曾经达到了连续玩48小时。游戏耗尽了他的精力,以至于他最终失去了被自己忽视的家人和孩子,一并失去的还有工作和家庭。从那时起,他就住进了康复中心,尽管有过一两次旧瘾复发,但在过去的14个月里,他一直在康复中。

Sean' is not alone. The UK Addiction Treatment group have noticed an increase in the number of people seeking treatment for gaming addiction from four in 2014 to 22 in 2018, they told the BBC. And in 2018 the World Health Organization classified gaming addiction as a disorder. In the UK, an enquiry into technology addiction held by the Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Select Committee included testimony from self-professed gaming addicts. One, Matus Mikus, said "games by their very nature are addictive."

“肖恩”并不是特例。英国成瘾治疗组织告诉BBC,他们注意到寻求治疗游戏成瘾的人数从2014年的4人增加到了2018年的22人。2018年,世界卫生组织将游戏成瘾列为一种障碍。在英国,数字、文化、媒体和体育特别委员会对科技成瘾进行了一项调查,其中包括自称沉迷于游戏的人的证词。其中一位名叫MatusMikus的用户说:“游戏本身就会让人上瘾。”

However, the association for UK Interactive Entertainment informed the committee that there was a 'lack of evidence' around the addiction. They stated that gaming could be a 'force for good, encouraging, among other things, critical thinking skills'. Indeed, in a 2018 BBC article, registrar in anaesthetic and intensive care at Sheffield Teaching Hospital, Rajin Chowdhury seems to agree. Gaming, he says, made him more dextrous, improved hand-eye coordination and aided procedures that were performed remotely through looking at a screen, especially where the surgery controls were not intuitive.

然而,英国互动娱乐协会却告知该委员会,关于这种上瘾现象“缺乏证据”。他们表示,游戏可以成为一种“有益的力量,能激发批判性思维能力”。事实上,在写给英国广播公司(BBC) 2018年的一篇文章中,谢菲尔德教学医院麻醉科和重症监护科的注册医生拉金·乔杜里似乎同意这一观点。他说,玩游戏让他变得更加灵巧,还改善了手眼协调能力,并通过看屏幕远程操作辅助程序,尤其是在手术控制不直观的情况下。

Are video games addictive? It's unclear. Like anything, moderation is key. The games themselves may not be the problem, but letting them negatively impact our lives certainly is. With that in mind, play well, have fun and don't forget to take regular breaks.

电子游戏上瘾吗?目前尚不清楚。任何事情都一样,适度是关键。游戏本身可能不是问题所在,但让它们对我们的生活产生负面影响肯定是问题所在。记住这一点,玩好,玩开心,但不要忘记有规律地休息。

 

词汇表

pastime

消遣

gamer

游戏玩家

entertainment

娱乐

addiction

成瘾

hooked on

被…迷住的

urge

强烈的欲望,冲动

fixation

执迷

straight

连续地

consume

吞噬

rehab

康复治疗

fall off the wagon

旧瘾复发

on track

在正轨上

treatment

治疗

addictive

使人上瘾的

critical thinking

批判性思维

dextrous

灵巧的,敏捷的

hand-eye coordination

手眼协调

surgery controls

手术操作杆

intuitive

凭直觉的

moderation

适度、合理

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