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BBC: 一周只需工作四天? 四天工作日制度可行吗?

kira86 于2020-04-14发布 l 已有人浏览
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对于一周四天工作日的制度是否可行,人们意见不一。你认为 “每周四天工作日” 的制度可行吗?本集 “随身英语” 讨论缩短工作周的利弊。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Could a four-day working week work?

每周四天工作日,可行吗?

People in the UK work longer hours than anyone else in the European Union but are far from the most productive. According to the Trades Union Congress, a UK body that brings together 49 member unions to improve their working conditions, employees in Denmark are 24% more productive per hour but work four hours fewer per week. 'Britain's long-hours culture… is robbing workers of a decent home life and time with their loved ones. Overwork, stress and exhaustion have become the new normal,' says TUC General Secretary Frances O'Grady. They want businesses to cut the standard working week from five days to four. But would a four-day week work?

英国人的工作时间比欧盟其他任何国家的人都要长,但他们的工作效率远远不是最高的。根据英国工会联盟的数据,英国人集结了49名公会成员要求改善工作环境。但丹麦员工每小时的工作效率要比英国高出24%,每周工作时间比英国少4个小时。英国的长时间工作文化剥夺了员工体面的家庭生活和与亲人相处的时间。英国工会联盟秘书长弗朗西斯·奥格雷迪说,加班、压力和疲惫已成为新的常态。他们希望企业将标准的每周工作时间从五天减少到四天。但这样就有用了吗?

It does for Rich Leigh, founder of a Gloucester-based PR business. Staff there work Monday to Thursday, 9am - 5:30pm, but still get paid the same as before. In an interview with the BBC, Leigh claims it makes the staff happier, which leads to better, more productive work. After a year, earnings and profits are up and sick days have halved.

这对格洛斯特公关公司创始人里奇·利是有用的。该公司员工上班时间为周一至周四上午9点至下午5点半,但工资却没有因此减少。在接受英国广播公司采访时,里奇·利表示,这能让员工更快乐,从而带来更好、更有成效的工作。一年后,公司的盈利和利润都有所增长,请病假的人也减少了一半。

The 4 Day Week Campaign also believes a shorter week would benefit everyone. They claim that it would, among other things, more evenly distribute work between the overworked and the underemployed. They estimate that around 30 UK businesses operate a 'four day, same pay' system.

“每周工作4天”活动还认为,每周工作时间的缩短对每个人都有好处。他们声称,这将使过度工作和就业不足之间能得到更平均地分配。他们估计,大约有30家英国企业实行“四天同工同酬”制度。

However, not everyone is convinced. One of the UK's leading charities, the Wellcome Trust, conducted an organisation-wide consultation into whether a four-day week would fit. They decided against it. 'Many employees worried about their five-day workloads being compressed into just four days and some raised concerns that the time and energy used to implement a four-day week would distract the charity from its core work,' says Ed Whiting, director of policy at the Trust.

然而,并非所有人都对此深信不疑。英国领先的慈善机构之一维康信托基金会就是否适合每周四天工作制进行了一次组织范围内的咨询。他们决定不这样做。信托公司政策主管怀廷表示,许多员工担心五天的工作量被压缩到四天;还有一些人担心实行四天工作制所花费的时间和精力会分散慈善机构的核心工作。

So does a four-day working week work or not? Clearly it suits some… but not everyone. "We've got a lot to do before it can work for different sectors," says Emelia Quist from the Federation of Small Businesses in a BBC interview. 'Social care needs people present 24/7. How can we ensure those industries can work a four-day week?' she adds. Until we can answer questions like these, there's clearly more work to be done.

那么,一周工作四天是否有效呢?显然它适合一部分人...但不是所有人。英国小企业联合会的埃米利亚·奎斯特在接受英国广播公司(BBC)采访时表示:“要让它在不同领域发挥作用,我们还有很多工作要做。”“社会关怀需要人们时时刻刻都在。我们如何确保这些行业能够每周工作四天?”她补充道。回答这些问题之前,显然还有更多的工作要做。

 

词汇表

productive

高效的

trade union

工会

working conditions

工作环境,劳动条件

long-hours culture

加班文化,超时工作环境

overwork

工作过度,劳累过度

standard working week

标准工作周

founder

创始人

staff

员工,全体雇员

earnings

工资,薪水

profit

利润

sick days

带薪病假

underemployed

只有部分时间被雇用工作的人

operate

实行

organisation

企业

workload

工作量

core work

核心工作

sector

行业,领域

24/7

每时每刻地,一直不休息地

industry

行业,产业

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