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BBC: 如何改变思维定势 积极乐观地考虑问题

kira86 于2020-05-14发布 l 已有人浏览
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美国的一项研究发现,如果你想长寿,想活得快活,那么你需要积极乐观的生活态度!“随身英语” 提供一些关于如何改变思维定势,去思考生活中美好事物的建议。
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Think positive!

积极乐观地考虑问题

How are you feeling today? If your head’s in a spin because you’ve had a bad night's sleep, or you’re hungover, or maybe you’ve just got too much to do, the chances are you’re not in the best of moods. If everything seems like an effort and you have a negative attitude, the last thing you want to be told it to ‘be positive!’ But having this mindset could have more benefits than you think.

你今天感觉怎么样?如果你因为昨晚没睡好、宿醉未醒、或者有太多事情要做而头晕目眩,那么你很有可能心情不好。如果一切看起来都是努力的结果,而你的态度却很消极,你最不希望听到的就是“积极!”但拥有这种心态的好处可能比你想象的要多。

Of course, developing a positive attitude is easier said than done – it doesn’t come naturally to everyone. When you’re feeling down in the dumps, it is hard to be optimistic. But a study in the US has found that people who are optimists are more likely to live longer than those who have a more negative approach to life. It revealed the likelihood of positive people living to the age of 85 or more to be higher. So, maybe the thought of a longer life might encourage you to have a more hopeful outlook on life.

当然,培养一种积极的态度说起来容易做起来难——这对每个人来说都不是天生的。当你情绪低落时,很难乐观起来。但美国的一项研究发现,乐观的人比消极的人更有可能长寿。研究显示,积极的人活到85岁或以上的可能性更高。所以,也许想长寿会激励你更乐观地看待生活。

The study concluded that optimists may find it easier to control emotions and get less stressed. And as stress impacts on the immune system, it’s possible that optimists cope better with infections. Professor Lewina Lee from Boston University School of Medicine, who worked on the study, told the BBC that: "Our findings speak to the possibility that raising levels of optimism may promote longevity and healthy ageing." And she advises that pessimists could benefit from doing things like imagining a future where everything turns out well.

研究得出的结论是,乐观者更容易控制情绪,压力也更小。随着压力对免疫系统的影响,乐观主义者有可能更好地应对感染。来自波士顿大学医学院的Lewina Lee教授参与了这项研究,她告诉BBC:“我们的发现证明了提高乐观程度可能会促进长寿和健康老龄化。”她还建议,悲观主义者可以从做一些事情中受益,比如想象一个一切都变得美好的未来。

But if you’re a ‘glass half empty’ type of person, could seeing the world through rose-tinted glasses work for you? Accepting that we all have problems and that we’re not all the same helps us to get a grip on our emotions. Some people say it’s best to celebrate the positives and not dwell on the negative parts of our lives.

但如果你是一个“半空的杯子”类型的人,通过玫瑰色的眼镜看世界会对你有用吗?接受我们每个人都有问题,每个人都不一样有助于我们控制自己的情绪。有人说最好是庆祝生活中的积极面,而不是纠结于生活中的消极面。

People have being giving the BBC their personal advice on keeping a healthy and positive approach to life: Vicki Siska says "Music feeds my soul, a sense of humour keeps things in perspective, and I have good friends who love and care for me." And Pippa Kennedy says "being grateful for what you have - and lots of chocolate - helps!" The saying goes that ‘a healthy body leads a healthy mind’ which is probably why other people have recommended doing yoga and meditation as well as staying fit and healthy to help maintain a positive outlook on life.

人们向BBC提供了他们关于保持健康和积极生活方式的个人建议,维姬·西丝卡说:“音乐滋养了我的灵魂,幽默感让事情变得有意义,我有好朋友,他们爱我、关心我。”皮帕·肯尼迪说:“感激你所拥有的一切——还有很多巧克力——会有所帮助!”俗话说,“健康的身体带动健康的思想”,这可能就是为什么其他人建议做瑜伽和冥想以及保持健康和健康有助于保持积极的人生观的原因吧。

 

词汇表

head’s in a spin

晕头转向

negative attitude

消极态度

mindset

思维模式

come naturally

天生的,自然得来

down in the dumps

情绪低落,心情郁闷

optimistic

乐观的

optimist

乐观的人,乐天派

outlook

人生观

emotion

情绪

longevity

长寿

pessimist

悲观主义者

glass half empty

水杯一半是空的(指看事物或问题时看到更多坏的一面的人)

rose-tinted glasses

“玫瑰色的眼镜”,只看到事物好的方面

get a grip

控制,掌控

positives

正面的事物

sense of humour

幽默感

in perspective

正确地看待……

yoga

瑜伽

meditation

冥思

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