This “gold mine” in Nanakanak, Eastern Equatoria state, is just one of many spots across South Sudan’s east where a gold rush has hit.
Adele Natogo said that like countless others, she left her nine children and village - an eight-hour walk from Nanakanak - a month ago to sift through the endless piles of terracotta rubble for gold.
“There are so many people that have come here. They are all over the bush, everyone looking for gold. This is a big place,” said Natogo.
But many of the miners say the golden era of finding nuggets is over.
Now they squint at their plastic basins for the tiniest speck of gold and hope machines will arrive soon to help their hunt.
Trader Samuel Kivuva in the nearest town, Kapoeta, said that when foreigners gave metal detectors to artisanal miners last year, their yield more than doubled from 5 kilograms of gold per week.
Trader Samuel Kivuva住在东部最近的城镇Kapoeta，他说去年外国人给手工矿工提供金属探测器，每周淘到的黄金就从5公斤翻了倍。
“Per week they were collecting 12 kilograms of this gold and at least they were performing, not in the way of these people that use basins and whatever,” said Kivuva.
At the Ministry of Mines in Juba, undersecretary of mining Andu Ezbon Adde said the government suspended previous small-scale mining licenses while putting the finishing touches to a mining law aimed at pulling in big investors - and big money - to extract the gold, copper, iron ore and other metals thought to lie under the eastern region.
在朱巴的矿业部，矿业副部长Andu Ezbon Adde说，政府暂停了以前的小规模采矿执照，并实施意在吸引大投资者和大规模投资的矿业法，希望能开采躺在东部地区地面下的金、铜、铁矿等金属。
“Coming out of war, things were not well organized. Giving out the licenses was not well organized, so the government decided to stop any exploration work until the law has been signed. Now the law has been signed we are working on now what they call regulations, which may not be clear to the common man. So I’m sure that this year, we will be giving out licenses,” said Adde.
But until machines arrive to replace the picks and pans, farmers-turned-panners in this impoverished and drought-stricken region are tasked with uncovering the minerals that in years to come could wean the new nation off its dependency on oil revenue.
1.unearth vt. 发掘；揭露，发现；从洞中赶出
They have unearthed some new facts about Napoleon's life.
2.sift through 通过；被筛下
I had to sift through a pile of papers looking for the lost article.
3.terracotta n. 陶瓦；赤土陶器；赤土色
The province will duplicate a terracotta soldier sculpture holding hands with Haibao, the Expo mascot.
4.nugget n. 天然金块，矿块；珍闻，珍品
Yes. Can I have a BigMac Combo and a twenty-piece chicken nugget?
5.squint vi. 斜视；患斜视；倾向
He squinted through the peephole.
6.wean off 磨掉； 磨损； 逐渐减弱； 逐渐消失
The effects of the drug began to wear off.