英语四级

听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

Peter Drucker(1909-2005):现代管理宗师

kira86 于2008-05-30发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
Peter Drucker, 1909-2005: The Mind of a Management Thinker迅雷专用高速下载 This is the VOA Special English Eco
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Peter Drucker, 1909-2005: The Mind of a Management Thinker


迅雷专用高速下载

This is the VOA Special English Economics Report.

We talked last week about Joseph Juran, an influential American expert in quality control. He died earlier this year at the age of one hundred and three.

Today we talk about another management expert -- or guru(领袖, 宗师) as people like to call them. Peter Drucker also lived a long life. He was ninety-five years old when he died in two thousand five.

Peter Drucker was an expert on the ways of modern organizations. He liked to share his knowledge not by answering questions but by asking them. For example, he said business people must ask themselves not "What do we want to sell?" but "What do people want to buy?"

He taught at the Claremont Graduate School of Management in California for more than thirty years. He also advised companies. And he wrote for the Wall Street Journal opinion page for twenty years, until nineteen ninety-five. He commented on many economic and management issues.

Peter Drucker was born in Austria. He worked as a reporter in Frankfurt, Germany, in the late nineteen twenties. He also studied international law.

He fled Germany as Adolf Hitler came to power in nineteen thirty-three. Peter Drucker spent four years in Britain as an adviser to investment banks. He then came to the United States.

He used his knowledge of international law to advise American businesses. He developed this advice into books on business methods and management.

In the middle of the nineteen forties, Peter Drucker argued that the desire for profit was central to business efforts. He also warned that rising wages were harming American business.

He was later invited to study General Motors. He wrote about his experiences in "The Concept of the Corporation." In the book, he said workers at all levels should take part in decision-making, not just top managers.

Peter Drucker was a voice for change and new ways of thinking about social and business relations. He used terms like "knowledge workers" and "management goals." He influenced business training and politics with many of his ideas.

Some people said he often only presented information that supported his arguments. But even his critics praised his clear reasoning.

Yet as times changed, so did his thinking. In nineteen ninety-three, he warned that businesses create a market for competitors when they think too much about high profits.

And that's the VOA Special English Economics Report, written by Mario Ritter. Transcripts, MP3s and podcasts of our reports are at www.en8848.com. I'm Steve Ember.

知识扩展:知识管理大师之Peter Drucker

生平:
1909年生于奥地利维也纳。22岁获法兰克福法学博士。7年后,由于家人反对纳粹,举家迁往美国。31岁,受聘于通用汽车公司顾问。在这一时期,德鲁克从通用公司学到了许多管理智慧。
1946年,德鲁克出版《公司的概念》一书,该书对美国的成功企业进行了细腻而独到的分析。
1954年,德鲁克出版《管理实践》一书,该书奠定了德鲁克“管理大师”的地位,并标志着现代管理学的诞生。
1966年,德鲁克出版《卓有成效的管理者》一书,该书后来成为经典之作。
德鲁克至今已出版超过30本书籍,在《哈佛商业评论》发表的文章也已超过30篇,被誉为“现代管理之父”(The father of modern management)和“大师中的大师”(Guru's Guru)等。

彼得·德鲁克是20世纪主要的管理和商业思想家。在一个充斥着自大狂和江湖骗子的行业中,他是一个真正的具有原创性的思想家。”《经济学家》评论道。
在他伟大的一生中,彼得·德鲁从事过各种各样的职业,从证券分析师到企业顾问(在一些如通用电气、西尔斯、IBM这样的公司中)再到大学教授(如伯林顿大学、纽约大学以及克莱蒙特大学)。但当你让他描述他过去70年的工作生活时,德鲁克会说:“我从事写作。”

正是通过写作,彼得·德鲁克让人们第一次意识到管理是一种“永恒的人类准则”。“管理是任务。管理是纪律。但管理也是人。”他写道,“每一次管理的成功都是管理者的成功。每一次失败都是管理者的失败。进行管理的是人,而不是武力或事实。管理者的眼光、奉献精神和诚实决定了是否管理恰当或管理不善。”

 1 2 下一页

分享到

添加到收藏

VOA慢速排行