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比尔·盖茨告别微软(再续)

kira86 于2008-07-06发布 l 已有人浏览
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Bill Gates Steps Aside at Microsoft 迅雷专用高速下载 This is the VOA Special English Economics Report. Last we
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Bill Gates Steps Aside at Microsoft


迅雷专用高速下载

This is the VOA Special English Economics Report.

Last week, Bill Gates retired from full-time work at the world's biggest computer software company, Microsoft. He will remain chairman of the company he established with Paul Allen in nineteen seventy-five.

Mister Gates leaves Microsoft at a time of change in the computing industry. Microsoft grew at a time when personal computers, or PCs, were replacing big mainframe computers as the main computing tools. He showed that huge profits could be made in software as PCs increasingly were found "on every desk and in every home."

Early on, Microsoft understood the importance of the "network effect." That is, software is the kind of product that increases in value as more people buy and use it.

Now, free Internet software threatens to replace PC-based software. Devices like "smart phones" connect people to the Internet. Google has become a leader in Internet Web searching and advertising. Microsoft has struggled to change with the new computer environment. Its efforts to sell music and its latest operating system, Vista, have not been big successes. And an attempt this year to buy Yahoo for over forty-seven billion dollars failed.

In the last several years, Bill Gates has slowly given control of Microsoft to others. In two thousand, he gave the job of chief executive officer to Steve Ballmer, a friend of his since their years at Harvard University. Mister Ballmer has been with Microsoft since nineteen eighty.

Still, it is hard to overestimate the influence of Bill Gates on computing. He developed the business model that put the Windows operating system on about ninety percent of the world's one billion PCs. Microsoft now has almost ninety thousand employees. 

 At fifty-two years old, Bill Gates is currently the third richest man in the world. He is worth about fifty-eight billion dollars. He remains Microsoft's biggest shareholder.

Mister Gates will now spend most of his time working at his charity organization, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The foundation is the world's largest charity with over thirty-seven billion dollars. It provides money for health, education and other projects, mostly in developing countries.

And that's the VOA Special English Economics Report, written by Mario Ritter. Transcripts and archives of our programs are at www.en8848.com. I'm Steve Ember.

知识扩展:你所不知道的盖茨

微软创始人、全球首富比尔·盖茨的大名家喻户晓,但是以下这些有关他的信息也许就不那么广为人知了,你知道下面的哪些?

● 威廉·亨利·盖茨于1955年10月28日在美国华盛顿州西雅图市出生。

● 他的父亲威廉是一名公司律师,母亲玛丽是一名学校老师。

● 17岁的时候,盖茨卖掉了他的第一个电脑编程作品——一个时间表格系统,买主是他的高中学校,价格是4200美元。

● 盖茨在SAT(美国大学入学考试)标准化测试中得分1590,这项测试的满分是1600。

● 盖茨告诉他的大学老师要在30岁的时候成为百万富翁,而在他31岁的时候他已经成为亿万富翁。也就是说盖茨知道自己以后会很有钱,但没想到会这么有钱。

● 在哈佛上学的时候,盖茨参与编写了Altair BASIC,这成为Microsoft(当时称为Micro-Soft)的第一款产品。

● 他在1987年微软在曼哈顿举行的一次发布仪式上邂逅了未来的妻子梅琳达·法兰奇(Melinda French),当时梅琳达是微软的员工。他们在1994年元旦结婚。

● 2005年,盖茨被英国伊丽莎白二世女王授予英帝国爵级司令勋章(KBE)。

● 2007年3月份的《福布斯》杂志再次将比尔盖茨评为全球最富有的人,这是他连续13年获得这一称号。目前他的身价580亿美元。

● 盖茨最近宣布他将逐步退出微软的工作并将更多的时间投入慈善事业。

● 目前卡内基-麦隆大学(美国宾夕法尼亚州一所大学)有一座以盖茨的名字命名的建筑物——盖茨计算机科学大楼。

● 盖茨是《莱斯特律典》——一份72页的昂列纳多·达·芬奇手抄本的最新一任主人。这份手抄本包含对水的性质、天文学、岩石和化石的观察记录。盖茨每年将手抄本在全球不同的城市公开展览一次。

● 比尔盖茨每秒赚250美元,每天赚2000万美元,一年赚78亿美元。

● 如果他掉了一张1000美元的钞票,他没有必要弯腰捡起来,因为四秒钟之后他就能把掉的钱赚回来。

● 美国国债约为5620亿美元,如果让比尔盖茨来还,他能够独自负担10%。

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