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乐施会: 新冠肺炎危机或将导致5亿人陷入贫困

kira86 于2020-04-13发布 l 已有人浏览
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慈善机构乐施会报告称,新冠病毒所造成的经济影响可能会让大约5亿人陷入贫困。最严重的情况可能将导致全球12亿人口陷入极端贫困。
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Oxfam: Coronavirus Crisis Could Push Half a Billion People into Poverty

乐施会报告称新冠肺炎危机可能将导致5亿人陷入贫困

The economic effects of the coronavirus could push around half a billion people into poverty, Oxfam said this week.

乐施会本周表示,新冠病毒所造成的经济影响可能会让大约5亿人陷入贫困。

The report was released by the Nairobi-based charity ahead of next week's International Monetary Fund (IMF)/World Bank yearly meeting.

这份报告是由这家总部位于内罗毕的慈善机构在国际货币基金组织(IMF)和世界银行下周举行年度会议之前发布的。

The economic crisis...is deeper than the 2008 global financial crisis, the report said.

报告称:“这场经济危机远比2008年全球金融危机更为严重。”

The estimates show that... global poverty could increase for the first time since 1990, it said, adding that some countries could return to poverty levels last seen thirty years ago.

报告称:“估算数字表示全球贫困人口可能自1990年以来首次增加。”报告还称一些国家可能会重回30年前的贫困水平。

The report examined several possible economic outcomes based on the World Bank's measure of poverty. People under extreme poverty live on $1.90 a day or less. And those at a lesser poverty level live on less than $5.50 a day.

该报告根据世界银行的贫困衡量标准,分析了几种可能的经济结果。极度贫困的人每天生活费不超过1.9美元。而那些处于贫困程度较轻的人每天的生活费不足5.5美元。

The most serious outcome would be a 20 percent decrease in earnings. It would cause 1.2 billion people to live in extreme poverty worldwide. It would also raise the number of people living in poverty to nearly 4 billion.

最严重的后果将是收入减少20%,那么(疫情)将导致全球12亿人口陷入极端贫困,同时还将导致贫困人口增加到近40亿。

Women are at more risk than men because they are more likely to work in jobs that have little or no protection.

女性比男性面临更大风险,因为她们更有可能从事几乎没有保障措施的工作。

Poor people cannot take time off from work or buy food in large amounts, the report warned. It also said more than 2 billion people did not get earnings while they are sick.

报告警告说,穷人不能停工或是购买大量食物。报告还称,超过20亿人在生病期间没有收入。

To lessen the effects on poverty, Oxfam suggested a plan that would give money to people and businesses in need. It also called for debt cancellation, more IMF support and increased aid to poor countries.

为了减轻对贫困的影响,乐施会提出了一项计划,把钱捐给有需要的人士和企业。乐施会还呼吁取消债务,增加货币基金组织的支持力度以及增加对贫穷国家的援助。

Oxfam added that additional taxes on wealth, high profits and some financial tools favored by the wealthy would help raise the money needed.

乐施会还说,对财富、高额利润以及富人青睐的一些金融工具征收额外税款将有助于筹集所需资金。

Calls for debt cancellation have increased recently as the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the economy of developing countries around the world.

由于新冠肺炎大流行影响了世界各地发展中国家的经济,最近取消债务的呼声有所增加。

Wealthier countries around the world would need to give at least $2.5 trillion to help developing nations, the report said, adding that wealthier countries have shown they can raise that amount to help their own economies.

报告称,世界各地较富裕国家将需要至少提供2.5万亿美元来帮助发展中国家,报告还称较富裕国家已经表明,他们可以筹集到这笔钱来帮助本国经济。

The United States, for example, recently released a $2.2 trillion spending plan to rescue the country's economy. China, Japan and some European nations have also passed their own spending measures.

例如美国最近发布了一项2.2万亿美元的支出计划以挽救该国经济。中国、日本和一些欧洲国家也出台了自己的支出措施。

The report said, "Unless developing countries are also able to fight... the crisis will continue and it will inflict even greater harm on all countries, rich and poor."

报告称:“除非发展中国家也有能力抗击疫情,否则危机将会持续下去,并且它将对无论贫富的所有国家造成更大伤害。”

I'm Jonathan Evans.

乔纳森·埃文斯为你播报。

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