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暑假:到美国“带薪实习”吧

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'Summer Work/Travel' Brings Many Students to US 迅雷专用高速下载 This is the VOA Special English Education Re
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 'Summer Work/Travel' Brings Many Students to US


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This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

This week, we answer a question from a student in Odessa, Ukraine. Marushka wants to know about a program that lets foreign students work in the United States during their summer vacations.

知识扩展:Summer Work & Travel是美国政府于1948年通过的信息及教育交流法案(Smith-Mundt Act),为交流访问项目建立了基本框架。此法案于1961年被纳入并扩展为教育及文化平等交流法案(Fulbright-Hayes Act)。此项目在中国大陆推广之前,已经在欧洲,美洲及亚洲其他国家和地区成功运作了30余年,每年都有数万大学生利用他们的暑假,持J-1签证进入美国企业进行为期8-16周的短期实习。并利用实习之余的时间,在美境内旅游或实地体验美国生活,了解美国风土人情。

The program is called Summer Work/Travel. The State Department administers it for full-time college or university students who speak English well.

Students come on a J-one exchange visa. They can work for up to four months during their school break. They generally work in service jobs in stores, resorts(娱乐场), hotels, restaurants and amusement parks. But summer internships are also permitted.

"Summer" in this case means summer in the student's country. Those from south of the equator (赤道)come to the United States during the northern winter.

Students cannot work as housekeepers in private homes or be involved in patient care. And they are supposed to be paid the same as Americans.

Congress created this popular program under a nineteen sixty-one law, the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act. Last year, one hundred fifty thousand students came to the United States this way.

Students can do the Summer Work/Travel program more than once.

Sally Lawrence heads the State Department office responsible for the program. She says students should begin to gather information a year before they want to travel.

More than fifty organizations are approved to act as sponsors. Sally Lawrence advises students to avoid unapproved groups offering services, and to research a few different sponsors.

Sponsors must confirm the English language ability of students and make sure they are currently in school. But sponsors do not all charge the same price for their services.

Another difference: some sponsors arrange employment and housing for students before they leave home. Others permit students to find their own jobs after they arrive.

Sally Lawrence says the first thing to do is to find the list of sponsors on the Web page for J visa exchange programs.

The address is a little long, but here it is: exchanges.state.gov/education/jexchanges. Click on Designated Sponsor List, then choose Summer Work/Travel under Category Description. For more information about the program, go to the main page and click on Private Sector Programs.

To make it easier, we'll post a link at 51voa.com. And that's the VOA Special English Education Report, written by Nancy Steinbach. I'm Steve Ember.

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