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美国求学之路:美国的高考,SAT和ACT考试

kira86 于2008-12-11发布 l 已有人浏览
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Foreign Student Series: The SAT and the ACT迅雷专用高速下载 This is the VOA Special English Education Report.T
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Foreign Student Series: The SAT and the ACT


迅雷专用高速下载

This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

This week in our Foreign Student Series, we continue our discussion of college entrance tests in the United States. There are two competing admissions tests at the undergraduate level: the SAT and the ACT.

We talked last week about the SAT. The reasoning test involves mathematics and language and includes writing an essay. You can also take SAT subject tests.

Students
The ACT is designed to measure what a student learned in high school. There are questions in four skill areas: math, English, reading and science. The ACT takes just over four hours. It costs fifty-six dollars to take outside the United States. A writing test -- which is not required -- adds thirty minutes and fifteen dollars. Details about the ACT can be found at act.org.

ACT used to be short for American College Testing; SAT once meant Scholastic Aptitude Test. But today the letters no longer stand for anything.

Most American colleges and universities require applicants for a bachelor's degree to take one of the tests. Some students take both.

The ACT is advertised as "America's most widely accepted college entrance exam." The SAT is advertised as the one "most widely taken" and, combined with high school grades, "the best predictor of college success."

Yet activists have long debated the fairness of these tests and what they really show. The issue has intensified as the test preparation industry has grown.

Now, some colleges and universities have stopped requiring the tests. A group called FairTest has found almost eight hundred schools where students may be able to gain admission without the SAT or ACT. The list is at fairtest.org.

For graduate-level programs, applicants often have to take the Graduate Record Examinations, or GRE. The general test measures reasoning, thinking and writing skills.

The cost outside the United States is one hundred seventy dollars -- except in China, Taiwan and South Korea. The cost there is one hundred ninety-five dollars.

Students can also take GRE subject tests. Information about the GRE can be found on the Educational Testing Service Web site, ets.org.

The two major language tests for non-native English speakers are the TOEFL and the IELTS. These will be our subject next week.

And that's the VOA Special English Education Report, written by Nancy Steinbach. Our Foreign Students Series is online at en8848.com. I'm Steve Ember.

知识扩展:

SAT 起源于哈佛,原是纯粹的智力测验。

1933年,哈佛大学校长詹姆斯·科南特决定启动一个奖学金,吸引公立学校的优秀学生到哈佛大学学习。科南特交给副手亨利·昌西一个任务,要求他设法找出一种甄选奖学金候选人的考试方法。昌西找到了伯林翰,也找到了伯林翰的SAT考试。科南特校长很欣赏这种考试,因为这种考试只是纯粹的智力测验,而与参试者所学的高中课程和所受教育完全无关。

1934年,哈佛大学将SAT考试用于甄选奖学金申请人。次年,哈佛大学把这个考试推广应用于所有申请哈佛大学的学生。

美国“高考”,世界之最1938年,昌西副校长向大学理事会的所有会员学校发出呼吁,要求它们把SAT考试作为申请奖学金的考试。1948年,以科南特为首任主席的教育考试服务中心(ETS)成立,ETS作为大学理事会的合同方为其提供大学入学考试服务。从此,SAT考试成绩成为绝大多数大学的最基本的入学条件之一。

ACT考试与SAT考试均被称为“美国高考”,它们既是美国大学的入学条件之一,又是大学发放奖学金的主要依据之一及对学生综合能力的测试标准。ACT考试和SAT类似,它的全称是(American College Test)。这个考试也被很多美国大学承认,但其中中部和西部的院校居多。和SAT不同,ACT考试更像一种学科考试,它更强调考生对课程知识的掌握,同时也考虑到了对考生独立思考和判断能力的测试。从难度上看,ACT考试比SAT更容易一些,尤其对中国的考生来说,选择ACT考试可能更容易在短期内获得相对满意的成绩。ACT考试不分I和II。它包括四个部分:数学、英语、阅读、科学推理。这里值得一提的是科学推理,这部分整合高中物理,化学,生物等学科,综合在一张卷子上,以推理题目的形式出现。出题方式比较灵活,考验对高中知识的掌握和逻辑能力。

考试时间: 英语 75问题/45分钟. 数学 60问题/60分钟. 阅读 40问题/35分钟. 科学 40问题/35分钟. 还有一个写作(选做). 全部是选择题,题目简单,关键是时间不够,但对于中国学生,数学应该很简单.

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