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美国求学之路:留美经常申请的四种奖学金

kira86 于2009-02-23发布 l 已有人浏览
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Studying in the US: Four Kinds of Financial Aid迅雷专用 This is the VOA Special English Education Report.This
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Studying in the US: Four Kinds of Financial Aid


迅雷专用

This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

This week in our Foreign Student Series, we look at financial aid that comes in ships. Scholarships, fellowships and assistantships.

But first we talk about financial aid of another kind: grants. A grant, unlike a loan, does not have to be repaid.

One of our examples this week is the University of Missouri-Columbia, known as Mizzou (pronounced mah-ZOO). Mizzou is a public university with more than one thousand five hundred international students this school year. The total student population is more than thirty thousand.

Mizzou has a grant program for international students. The Curator's Grant-in-Aid program is for those who get good grades and take part in university activities. Graduate students who receive a grant get nine free credits to take courses. Undergraduates receive between one thousand and five thousand dollars in support.

Students must have attended Mizzou for a year before they can receive a grant. And they must reapply for the awards each semester.

Some grants are called scholarships or fellowships. Scholarships are for undergraduates; fellowships are for graduate students. Awards may be based on financial need or on grades, talents or other requirements. The Global Heritage Scholarship at Mizzou, for example, is only for international undergraduates whose mother or father graduated from there.

The scholarship pays seven thousand five hundred dollars a year for tuition. Full tuition is currently almost nineteen thousand dollars. 

Tuition is about the same at another public university, the University of Arizona in Tucson. It offers an undergraduate scholarship for international students who earned high marks in high school. The program is open to all foreign students who have been admitted to the university. Winners receive between two thousand and ten thousand dollars a year to help pay tuition.

Seventy international students are currently receiving the scholarship. The University of Arizona has more than two thousand international students this academic year. The school had close to forty thousand students during the fall term.

Assistantships are jobs paid with money or free classes. Graduate assistants help professors for about twenty hours a week. They may teach undergraduates, grade papers and tests, and assist with research.

And that's the VOA Special English Education Report, written by Nancy Steinbach. The earlier reports in our Foreign Student Series are at en8848.com. I'm Steve Ember.

知识补充:

  助学金(Fellowship)

  助学金是一种金额最高、但竞争最激烈的非服务性奖学金,一般情况
下如果获得一所学院授予的助学金,便是获得了全奖,即除了免学费、杂
费、住宿费、保险费、书本费以外,还给获奖学生一定金额作为其个人消
费费用(Personal Expenses)。助学金在申请过程中竞争尤其激烈,一般
除了要求较高的TOEFL、GRE或GMAT成绩外,还要有较好的国内学校成绩单、
GPA、推荐信和读书计划(Personal statement),这些材料的准备要十分
注意技巧,做到与众不同,才能顺利地拿到全额奖学金。

  奖学金(Scholarship)

  奖学金的形式可以是规定一定的金额数量,作为某种奖学金形式(如
Economic Scholarship,Graduate Scholarship,etc.)颁发给成绩优异
的学生,也可以是一种学费或杂费的全免(Tuition Scholarship或
Tuition & Fees Scholarship),此种奖学金的具体金额,随学院规定的
学杂费金额高低而不同。奖学金不像助学金一样只有一种形式,它在同一
所大学可能设置几种甚至十几种不同形式的奖学金,一个学生可以有资格
同时申请两种以上的奖学金。通常来说,获得Scholarship的机率要比获得
Fellowship的机率大些,但Scholarship的金额比Fellowship要少些。

  全免学费(Tuition-Waiver)

  在一些美国学院中,设有全免学费的奖学金,有的学院把它作为
Scholarships的一种,有的学院把它单独列出。全免学费是在非服务性奖
学金中最易申请的一种,但由于学费只是总花费的一部分,所以如果要获
得足够的资金,还需同时申请其他形式的奖学金。

  助研金与助教金

  (Research Assistantship and Teaching Assistantship)

  对于申请美国研究生以上级别的中国学生来说,获得奖学金的机率会
比本科生或本科转学生大得多,多数都是以拿到这两种服务性薪金的一种
来获得全奖的。绝大多数的美国高校研究生院,都设置这两种资助,然而
并非所有学院的此类资助都能覆盖一年中的全部费用,但多数都在全部金
额的2/3以上。

  这种资助在每个学院的具体金额都在其专业系别介绍中说明,一般通
过给系主任直接发出第一封索取资料信函就可获得这个系的TA、RA介绍。
介绍会说明这种资助的具体金额为多少,获奖比率为多少,能否覆盖一年
的全部费用,有的还会说明在本系中一般获资助者的TOEFL和GRE(或
GMAT)的平均与最低分数。多数美国大学对GRE、GMAT的成绩不设置最低线,
申请人只要TOEFL高于550分,GRE高于1700分(前两项高于1000分),
GMAT高于550分,若注意申请技巧与方法,是完全可以拿到全奖的。

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