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美国求学之路:警惕论文工厂

kira86 于2009-04-24发布 l 已有人浏览
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Studying in the US: Beware of Essay Mills We continue our discussion of plagiarism. Last week, we said college
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Studying in the US: Beware of Essay Mills




We continue our discussion of plagiarism. Last week, we said colleges and universities in the United States define plagiarism as representing another person's work as your own. It is considered a kind of cheating. 我们继续讨论有关剽窃的问题。上周,我们说到美国的大学院校定义剽窃为将别人的作品占为己有。它也可称作为一种欺骗。

Professors at American colleges have tried many ways to stop student plagiarism.  美国大学的教授想了许多方法来阻止学生剽窃。

Some use online detection services. They also may discuss plagiarism with their students at the start of every term.  Some require their students to turn in early versions of term papers, research papers and essays they are writing. This makes it more difficult for students to buy papers from companies that some call "plagiarism mills" or "essay mills."一些通过在线甄别服务。他们也可能在每个学期一开始跟学生讨论剽窃的问题。有些人要求学生交上他们写的早期的学期论文,研究论文等。这使得学生更难从那些所谓的"剽窃工厂"或者"论文工厂"等公司购买论文。

A recent report in The Chronicle of Higher Education described such businesses. Many can be found on the Internet. They sell newly written papers on many subjects. The cost depends on the difficulty of the subject and how soon the paper is needed.  The cost could be from twenty to forty dollars a page.
高等教育编年史中最近的一个报告描写了这样一种生意。许多都基于互联网,他们销售各种科目的新写的论文。价格因科目的难度和时间的快慢而异。价格可能在20~40美元每页。

Such companies say their writers have advanced degrees, and will target the papers to any educational level. Investigators say the writers may be working in countries like India, Nigeria or Indonesia and are poorly paid. Most of these companies say their work should only be used as models and should not be turned in as a finished work. But students do it anyway.这种公司称他们的作者都有高等学历,可以为任何学历等级设计论文。调查者称这些作者可能在印度,尼日利亚,印尼等低收入国家工作。大多数这样的公司称他们的论文仅可用作模板而不可作为论文上交,但是学生们这样做了而已。

Some students claim that they order such papers as a way to organize their research. But many also say they do not have enough time to do the work themselves and are under great pressure to do well in school.一些学生声称订购这样的论文是他们组织研究的一种途径。但是许多人也说他们自己没有足够多的时间来完成论文,完成好学业他们压力非常大。

University of Notre Dame anthropology professor Susan Blum wrote about this in a new book, "My Word! Plagiarism and College Culture."  She writes that academic cheating is a result of communication failure between students and professors. And she says international students must be sure they know the rules of the college they are attending.圣母院大学的人类学教授苏珊.布鲁姆在她的新书中"我的观点,剽窃和大学文化" 提到了此事,她写道,学术欺骗是学生和教授沟通失败的结果。而且她说道国际学生应该确信他们了解自己所读学校的规则。

Plagiarism may also be a problem in other countries. A recent e-mail to us from Iran described an incident in an English class. Students were supposed to research tourist places in Iran. But one student copied information from a book.  The student changed "China" to "Iran" but forgot to change the names of the places. When the teacher asked about his research, he said: "One of the most beautiful tourist places in Iran is Shanghai." 剽窃也可能是其他国家中的一个问题。最近一封来自伊朗的邮件描述了一堂英文课上发生的事件。学生们被要求调查伊朗的旅游地。但是有一名学生从书本上去复制了信息。这个学生把"中国"改成了"伊朗",但是忘记改了地名。当老师问及他的调查时,他答道“伊朗最美丽的旅游地之一是上海。”

And that's the VOA Special English Education Report, written by Nancy Steinbach. I'm Barbara Klein.



 

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