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追忆传奇教练John Wooden,揭秘他金字塔式的成功方式

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How the Great Coach John Wooden Defined Success 高速下载 This is the VOA Special English Education Report.John
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How the Great Coach John Wooden Defined Success


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This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

John Wooden died last Friday at the age of ninety-nine. He was one of the greatest twentieth-century Americans in sports. He was an excellent college basketball player. He led Purdue University to a national championship in nineteen thirty-two. After college he was a high school coach. He also taught English for nine years.

But where he really made his mark was at the University of California, Los Angeles. He was head coach of men's basketball for twenty-seven years.

His teams won a record ten national championships. These included seven in a row during the late nineteen sixties and early seventies. The Bruins have won just one other championship since then.

An announcer described him in nineteen seventy-five after his final championship victory, which was also his final game.

ANNOUNCER: "As Wooden enters the playing court, he receives a standing ovation from an overflow crowd and true to the Wooden tradition, on the outside everything appears calm."

He coached famous players like Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, known then as Lew Alcindor, and Bill Walton.

Several years ago, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar spoke at a ceremony honoring John Wooden. He said many top athletes worry they will be exploited for their skills by their coach.

KAREEM ABDUL-JABBAR: "That never, ever had a possibility of happening in my experience at U.C.L.A. because of this man here. He really wanted myself and all of us who participated in the program to get our degrees and learn what it meant to be a good citizen, and to be good parents and husbands and responsible human beings. And that was the most important thing for him."

John Wooden was praised for how he taught the basics of the game, like passing, defense and moving without the ball. But he also offered life lessons as a speaker and author. His books included the self-improvement guide "Pyramid of Success."

At a speaking event when he was already in his nineties, he explained that his father had taught him a few things about success.

JOHN WOODEN: "I was raised on a small farm in southern Indiana and Dad tried to teach me and my brothers that you should never try to be better than someone else. Always learn from others and never cease trying to be the best you could be. That's under your control."

Those words later helped him with his own definition of success.

JOHN WOODEN: "Peace of mind attained only through self-satisfaction and knowing you made the effort to do the best of which you are capable. I believe that is true. If you make the effort to do the best of what you are capable, trying to improve the situation that exists for you, I think that is success and I do not think others can judge that."

His wife of fifty-three years, Nell, died in nineteen eighty-five.

At U.C.L.A. the man known simply as "Coach" had a record of six hundred twenty wins and one hundred forty-seven losses. Current coach Ben Howland calls John Wooden "the greatest coach in the history of basketball."

And that's the VOA Special English Education Report, with reporting by Nico Colombant and Jim Stevenson. You can read and listen to our reports at en8848.com. I'm Jim Tedder.

John Wooden的管理金字塔

传奇教练John Wooden在将近60年前创建了金字塔式的成功方式。但包括Kareem Abdul-Jabbar 和 Bill Walton在内的大多数队员说,这种金字塔式的方式对他们现在还有影响。

高龄96,住在加州Encino的前UCLA教练John Wooden每年做20-30次演讲,保持联系的队员有些都叫不出名字来,其中有Bill Walton, Andy Hill, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Keith Erickson, Keith Wilkes, Mike Warren, Kenny Washington 和John Vallely.而这些人仅仅是他通常一起吃早饭的人。但按照金字塔的成功方式,一个领导者还要有友谊、忠诚和团队精神,它们是15个成功要素中的三个要素。

由于Wooden造诣颇深,拿过10次NCAA男子篮球冠军,他被称为历史上最伟大的大学教练。但对他来说,输赢多少次并不重要:重要的是怎么打球。

事实上,他的队员说他们不记得自己的教练多么强调赢比赛。对Wooden来说,重要的是遵守原则。“训练的第一天,我记得他说”我不打算和你们谈论输赢的问题,因为我认为它仅仅是我们的一个副产品。我更专注于将我们的队伍培训成最好的队伍。“”

建立金字塔式的成功方式

最著名的训练和生活逻辑根深蒂固的确立在前队员的脑海中,并指导他们今天的生活。但Wooden并没有从篮球中得到这种想法,他用14年的时间创造了一个新的成功。当他在高中教书的时候,看到家长由于孩子没有拿到A或B时,责备他们,那时他就想找到一种新的方法告诉人们成功不仅仅是得了多少分,也不是你得到多大权力,而是找到心中的平静。

他在1984年完成这套方法,并开始执教于Indiana大学,他将自己的成功定义为:“因为自己做出了能做出的最大努力,所以能够自我满意,从而得到心里的平静。”Wooden说即使他对金字塔式的成功有了新的定义,但基础——刻苦努力没有改变。

他还说根据他的教练经历,金字塔的最核心部分是:情况、技术和团队合作精神。他说:“我有一个很能掌握情况的队伍。我每天的训练仅仅是天复一天的提供挑战。”

1975年退休后,Wooden发现他错过最多的却是反复练习。他说:“我没有错过打球,也没有错过比赛,但我错过了每天的训练,因为只有在那里才能了解你的队员,你才能建立你想要的和谐。”

一个永恒的团队

尽管Wooden没有希望能和前队员建立多么良好的关系,但他们中的一些人还在散布一些他的消息。Bill Walton 972-1974年在Wooden1的球队里打球,参加过NCAA的两界冠军比赛,现在做ESPN的播音员,但他总会找时间告诉人们Wooden的授课内容。他说:“John Wooden和金字塔式的成功方式已经成为我的一部分。只要你了解了,你就要知道你应该作为一个老师将这些传承下去。”

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, 1966-1969年之间是UCLA球员,他说他将Wooden的理论和自己做Los Angeles Lakers兼职教练结合起来。他说:“我的方法和Wooden教练的方法一样:要做足准备和找好基础,我还在补他想补的内容。”

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