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Obama: US Exports on Track to Double in Five Years高速下载 This is the VOA Special English Education Report.Mi
Obama: US Exports on Track to Double in Five Years


This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

Millions of high school students have read "To Kill a Mockingbird." The novel by Harper Lee offers moral lessons about racial justice and respect. It tells the story of a young girl named Scout and her father, Atticus Finch, a lawyer. He defends a black man wrongfully accused of raping a white woman. In the end, an all-white jury sentences Tom Robinson to death.

The book is set in the American South in the nineteen thirties. But it was published fifty years ago, on July eleventh, nineteen sixty. It came out as the civil rights movement in the United States was gaining strength. Laws and customs in the South, however, still kept blacks and whites mostly separated.

A mockingbird is a kind of gray songbird. The book gets its title from something Atticus Finch was told in his childhood when his father gave him a gun. Gregory Peck won an Academy Award for the nineteen sixty-two film version.

ATTICUS FINCH: "I remember when my daddy first gave me that gun, he told me that I should never point at anything in the house, and that I could shoot all the blue jays I wanted, if I could hit them. But remember, it was a sin to kill a mockingbird."

Killing them is a sin, he explains, because they don't hurt anyone, they just make music. And that is the moral of the story, says Melinda Byrd-Murphy, head of the Alabama Center for Literary Arts.

She has read the book four times.

MELINDA BYRD-MURPHY: "I think if anything, this story talks about humanity and the universality of humans and how there's goodness in people and you just have to get to know one another."

Ms. Byrd-Murphy is a native of Harper Lee's hometown of Monroeville. The author, who published only the one novel, is still alive but rarely speaks publicly.

Some people say "To Kill a Mockingbird" treats racism in a way that is simplistic, even offensive to blacks, and out of date in today's America. Still, it has been translated into more than forty languages and has sold over forty million copies. It won a Pulitzer Prize and is often required reading in high school.

The story takes place in a town that Harper Lee called Maycomb. But she based the characters on real people she knew growing up.

Since then, Monroeville has changed a lot. A number of African-Americans serve in the local government. The courthouse, made famous by the book, is now a museum. A small shop and a fast-food restaurant called Mel's Dairy Dream have replaced Harper Lee's childhood home.

But in Monroeville and around the country, fans of "To Kill a Mockingbird" are celebrating its fiftieth anniversary. Events include readings, discussions and movie showings.

And that's the VOA Special English Education Report, with reporting by Anna Boiko-Weyrauch. I'm Steve Ember.

数百万高中生都曾读过《杀死一只知更鸟》。哈泼·李的这本小说给读者上了关于种族平等和尊敬的一堂道德课。故事讲述的是一个小女孩Scout和她的父亲,律师Atticus Finch的故事。他为一名被错误的控告强奸白人妇女的黑人男子辩护。最终,全部都是白人的陪审团判处Tom Robinson死刑。
知更鸟是一种黑色的会唱歌的小鸟。这本书的名字来自Atticus Finch童年时他的父亲给他枪的时候所讲的故事。Gregory Peck凭借根据这本小说改编的电影赢得了1962年的奥斯卡奖。
ATTICUS FINCH:“我记得我父亲第一次给我那把枪的时候,他告诉我,我永远不能射击房子里的任何东西,如果我愿意的话,我可以击毙所有蓝色的松鸡。但是一定要记住,杀死知更鸟是罪过。”
他解释到,杀死知更鸟是罪过,因为他们不伤害任何人,它们只是唱歌。阿拉巴马文学艺术中心负责人Melinda Byrd-Murphy说,这是这篇故事的寓意所在。
MELINDA BYRD-MURPHY:“我认为,这篇故事讲述的是人性,人类的普遍性,人内心都有着没得,你应该努力去了解其他人。”
故事发生在Harper Lee叫做Maycomb的小镇。但是她把人物的性格基于她所认识的人。
自那时起,Monroeville改变了很多。许多非裔美国人在当地政府任职。因这部小说而出名的法院现在成了博物馆。一家小商店和一个叫做Mel's Dairy Dream的快餐店代替了哈泼·李童年时的家。


1.defend v.辩护; 辩解
例句:She defended herself successfully in court.

2.racial adj.种族的; 存在或发生于种族之间的
例句:His speech did nothing for racial concord.
      They have long been involved in a crusade for racial equality.

3.moral adj.道德的
例句:He turns every subject into a moral discussion.

4.mostly adv.大部分, 主要地, 多半, 通常, 一般地
例句:She uses her car mostly for driving to work.
      He has the occasional cigarette, but mostly he smokes a pipe.
      他偶尔抽香烟, 但通常是抽烟斗。

5.sin n.罪恶, 罪孽
例句:It's a sin to waste food.
      Lying, stealing, dishonesty and cruelty are sins.
6.universality n.普遍性;通用性;普适性;一般性

例句:universality of contradiction

7.simplistic adj.过分单纯化的
8.replace vt.取代, 代替; 更换, 替换, 更新
例句:I will replace the cup I have broken with a new one.


1.It came out as the civil rights movement in the United States was gaining strength.
come out出来
例句:Come out and get some fresh air.
      Why is it that you've come out against the proposal he put forward?
gain strength力量增加
例句:To guarantee our future stability we must ensure that the institutions which protect the rights and the safety and  security of our citizens continue to gain in strength.

2.The author, who published only the one novel, is still alive but rarely speaks publicly.
rarely, seldom,hardly,scarcely, barely 的用法和区别
  hardly 几乎不,简直不= almost not ,强调困难
  scarcely = hardly 几乎不,简直没有,仅仅,刚刚,用在be/助动词后,强调数量和程度的不足
  barely 仅仅,刚刚,几乎不能,强调勉强够数

3.But she based the characters on real people she knew growing up.
base on使建立在…基础上,立足
例句:We must base ourselves on the interests of the people.
      One should always base one's opinion on facts.

4.Since then, Monroeville has changed a lot.
a lot,a lot of
a lot 副词 如:thanks a lot
a lot of只能修饰可数名词
a lot of=lots of 许多的 可以修饰可数名词和不可数名词
a lot是表示程度的一个词组 thanks a lot 多谢 know a lot about China 对中国了解很多

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