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如何训练大脑用英语思考? 名师分享7个方法

kira86 于2020-05-11发布 l 已有人浏览
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用英语思考可以让你的英语更流利,而这并不难,只需要有意识的努力和练习。
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Train Your Brain to Think in English

训练你的大脑用英语思考

If you live in a place where most people speak the language you are learning, you may use the language for several hours each day.

如果你生活在一个大多数人都说你正在学习的语言的地方,你每天可能有好几个小时都要用这种语言。

So, it may become part of your "inner speech." In other words, you start thinking in that language. Your mind stops trying to translate things from your native language into the second language.

所以,它可能成为你“内心语言”的一部分。换句话说,你开始用那种语言思考。你的大脑不再试图把你的母语翻译成第二语言。

But, the majority of the VOA Learning English audience lives in places where English is not the main language.

但是,大多数美国之音英语学习的听众生活的地方不是以英语为主要语种。

This may be true for you. You may not have many chances to practice English. You may even be self-taught.

这对你来说可能是真的。你可能没有很多机会练习英语。你甚至可以自学成才。

When you speak, your speech might be slower than you would like. This is because your mind is still translating from your first language, which can also sound unnatural. English, like every other language, has its own sentence structure.

你说话时,你的语速可能比你想象的要慢。这是因为你的大脑仍然在翻译你的第一语言,说出来也不自然。英语和其他语言一样,有自己的句子结构。

The good news is that thinking in English can bring you a huge step closer to fluency! It is not very difficult, but it does take conscious effort and practice.

好消息是,用英语思考可以让你更接近流利!这并不难,但需要有意识的努力和练习。

On today's Education Tips, we will share some mental exercises that can help.

在今天的教育小贴士中,我们将分享一些有用的脑力练习。

Think in single words

用单个词语思考

Most experts note that it's best to start small. So, a good first step is to think in individual words.

大多数专家指出,最好从小处着手。所以,好的第一步是用单个词思考。

Look around you. What do you see? In your head, try to name each object in your surroundings.

看看你的周围。你看到了什么?在你的头脑中,试着给你周围的每一个物体命名。

Charles Thomas has taught English to Union members, children and teenagers for over 10 years. He has also helped open schools in several countries. He currently works for EF International Schools in Washington, D.C.

查尔斯·托马斯已经教工会成员、儿童和青少年英语超过10年。他还帮助在几个国家开办学校。他目前在华盛顿特区的英孚国际学校工作。

Thomas tells his students to name the things that they see around them, wherever they are.

托马斯要求学生们把周围的东西说出来,不管身处何处都要这样做。

As you continue with this, it becomes more of a habit, so things are going to pop up into your head – computer, telephone, chair, desk. Whatever it is...wherever you are.

“持续这样做就会变成一种习惯,所以你的脑海里会蹦出这些物品——电脑、电话、椅子、桌子。不管它是什么…无论你在哪里。”

Start with nouns and then add in verbs, he suggests.

他建议先从名词开始,然后再加入动词。

He says you can also do this at home when you wake up and before you go to sleep.

他说在家里睡醒后或睡觉前都可以这样练习。

Teacher Andrew Hinshaw also finds this exercise helpful.

安德鲁·欣肖老师也发现这个练习很有帮助。

He has been teaching English for 12 years, including in Vietnam for the U.S. Department of State. He currently teaches at the Carlos Rosario International Public Charter School in Washington, D.C.

包括在越南为美国国务院工作期间,他已经教了12年的英语。他目前在华盛顿特区的卡洛斯罗萨里奥国际公共特许学校任教。

Hinshaw remembers one method some of his Vietnamese students liked.

欣肖还记得他的一些越南学生喜欢的一种方法。

I've had students tell me that they label everything in their room or their apartments so that these English words, kind of, stick in their heads.

“我有学生告诉我,他们给房间或公寓里的所有东西都贴上标签,这样英语单词就会牢牢地印在他们的脑子里。”

Describe unknown words

描述生词

Another exercise that both Thomas and Hinshaw suggest is describing in your mind objects you don't know the words for.

托马斯和欣肖建议的另一种练习是在你的脑海中描述你不认识的物体。

An example would be if you couldn't think of the word "garage," Thomas says.

举个例子,如果你想不起“车库”这个词,托马斯说。

If you're looking at your house and you see your garage, but you can't think of the name in English. You can say, ‘The place inside where I put my car' or you can say, ‘It's next to my house. I keep things there.'

“如果你看着你的房子,你看到了你的车库,但你想不出英文名字。你可以说,' The place inside where I put my car',或者你可以说,' It's next to my house. 'I keep things there.’”

He says you can also use shorter phrases, such as "It's similar to..." or "It's the opposite of..."

他说,你也可以使用更简短的短语,如“It's similar to…”或“It's the opposite of…”

Hinshaw says doing this can help learners of any language. As a Spanish learner, he does it himself.

欣肖表示这种方法适用于任何语言学习者。作为一名西班牙语学习者,他自己就是这么做的。

Think in sentences

用句子思考

The next exercise is thinking in simple sentences.

下一个练习是用简单句思考。

For example, if you are sitting in a park, you can tell yourself things like, "It's such a beautiful day" and "People are playing sports with their friends."

例如,如果你坐在公园里,你可以自己说给自己听,比如,“今天天气真好”,“人们正在和他们的朋友一起运动”。

Once this becomes easy, you can move on to more difficult sentences.

一旦这变得容易了,你可以继续学习更难的句子。

Hinshaw sometimes uses this exercise to think about what he wants to say to people in Spanish.

欣肖有时会用这个练习来思考他想用西班牙语对人们说什么。

I definitely try to say these sentences in my head or try to put the words together without thinking too much about if it's absolutely correct.

我肯定会在脑子里把这些句子说出来,或者试着把这些词组合在一起,而不去想它们是否绝对正确。”

Describe your day

描述你的一天

Another exercise experts suggest is to describe your daily activities. There are a few ways to do this.

另一个专家建议是描述你的日常活动。有几种方法可以做到这一点。

Thomas asks his beginning-level students to describe their day using the simple present verb form. So, they would think to themselves things like, "I put on my shirt" and "He drives the bus."

托马斯让他的初级学生用简单的现在时动词形式描述他们的一天。所以,他们会对自己说,“我穿上我的衬衫”和“他开公共汽车”之类的话。

Other experts say you can mentally make plans in the morning when you wake up. This would require other verb tenses. So the skill level is a little higher.

其他专家表示,你可以在早上醒来的时候在精神上制定计划。这需要使用其他动词时态,所以技能水平要高一些。

For example, you might tell yourself, "When I leave the house, I'm going to get an iced coffee. Then, I'll take the train to class. I'm studying with Paola today. She said she booked a study room at the library for 2 p.m."

例如,你可以告诉自己,“当我离开家的时候,我要喝一杯冰咖啡。”然后,我将乘火车去上课。我今天和保拉一起学习。她说她在图书馆订了一间下午两点的自修室。”

Think in conversation

对话思维

Now, let's move to thinking in conversation.

现在,让我们进入对话思维。

When you do this, you are imagining yourself speaking to someone else. You are asking the questions and thinking of replies.

这样就是想象自己正在和别人说话。你在提问题并思考如何回答。

This is a great way to practice what you might say in a real conversation.

这对于你在真实对话中说些什么是一个绝佳练习。

For example, let's say the imaginary person asks you a question like, "What did you think of the award show last night?" How would you answer? Imagine the conversation and practice it in your head.

例如,假设这个虚构的人问你一个问题,比如“你觉得昨晚的颁奖典礼怎么样?”你会怎么回答?想象对话并在脑中练习。

You can do this out loud or in silence.

你可以大声说出来,也可以在心里默念。

Take notes

记笔记

For all of these exercises, there will of course be words and phrases that you do not know. So, at some point you will need to use a dictionary.

对于所有这些练习,当然会有你不知道的单词和短语。所以,在某些情况下,你需要使用字典。

If your skill level is high enough, you might consider using an English-to-English dictionary.

如果你的技能水平足够高,你可以考虑使用英英词典。

Hinshaw suggests writing down just five to 10 new words and phrases each day.

欣肖建议每天只写下5到10个新单词和短语。

Keeping a notebook, he says, helps you remember the situation that you needed that word or phrase for. This makes it easy to recall when you are in such a situation again.

他说,记笔记可以帮助你记住那个单词或词组的使用场景。这样,当你再次处于这种场景时,就很容易回忆起来。

Practice it daily

每天练习

So, how much time should you spend on these exercises?

那么,你应该在这些练习上花多少时间呢?

Thomas says do a little every day.

托马斯建议每天做一点。

So when you're doing it every day, over and over again, little by little, that's the key. Because, when you make things a habit, then it just pops up into your mind without thinking and then, before you know it, really, you're thinking in English.

所以,关键在于你每天都这么做,一遍又一遍地做,一点一点地做。因为,当你把一件事变成一种习惯时,它就会不假思索地蹦进你的脑海,然后,在你意识到之前,你就已经在用英语思考了。”

I'm Alice Bryant.

我是爱丽丝·布莱恩特。

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