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说英语缺乏自信? 这6个技巧提升你说英语的信心

kira86 于2021-03-30发布
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我怎样才能更自信地说英语?一名语言研究员表示,缺乏说英语的自信可能是由于发音困难和词汇量不够大。
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How to Gain Confidence in Your English Speaking

如何获得说英语的自信

At VOA Learning English, we sometimes get questions like this: “How can I speak English with more confidence?”

在美国之音英语学习节目中,我们有时会接到这样的问题:“我怎样才能更自信地说英语?”

That is a great question. No matter what language we are learning, we would all love to speak more confidently.

这是个很好的问题。无论我们学习什么语言,我们都想说得更自信。

Yuliana Vasquez is an English teacher. She also trains teachers and is a language researcher at the University of Panama. She said lack of confidence can come from having trouble with pronunciation and not having a wide enough vocabulary.

尤利安娜·瓦斯凯是一名英语教师。她也从事教师培训,还是巴拿马大学的一名语言研究员。她说,缺乏自信可能是由于发音困难和词汇量不够大。

If you lack confidence when you speak English, you may do one or more of these things without realizing it:

如果你说英语的时候缺乏自信,你可能会在无意识的情况下做以下一件或几件事:

* Speak in short phrases

使用简短的短语

* Speak too softly

说话很小声

* Speak too fast or unclearly

语速太快或吐字不清

So today, we have several pieces of advice to help you gain confidence in your English-speaking ability.

那么我们今天提供几条建议,帮助大家增强英语口语能力的信心。

Use positive self-talk

使用积极的自我对话

Believe it or not, the most important person you talk to every day is yourself. In other words: Your thoughts matter.

不管你信不信,每天与你交谈的最重要的人就是你自己。换句话说:你的想法很重要。

So our first piece of advice is to use positive self-talk.

所以我们的第一条建议是使用积极的自我对话。

If you lack confidence as an English speaker, you may tell yourself things like, “English is too hard and I will never improve.” When you talk to other people, you may say things like, “I’m so sorry for my English.”

如果你对自己说英语缺乏信心,你可能会这样告诉自己,“英语太难了,我永远都不会进步。”当你和别人交谈时,你可能会说这样的话,“我的英语不好。”

But if you keep thinking and saying such things, you are sure to start believing them.

但是如果你一直这样想,这样说,你肯定会开始相信这样的事实。

Magdi Saleh is an English teacher and teacher trainer based in Cairo, Egypt.

马吉迪· 萨利赫是埃及开罗的一名英语教师和教师培训师。

Saleh said many English learners need to show themselves more patience because progress takes time:.

萨利赫表示,许多英语学习者需要多给自己一点耐心,因为进步是需要时间的:

“You have to be patient with yourself and talk positively with yourself.”

“你必须对自己有耐心,并且要进行积极地自我对话。”

He said you can tell yourself something like, “Today, I will learn this thing and tomorrow I will learn other things.”

他说你可以这样告诉自己,“今天我学这个,明天我学别的。”

So the next time you are using your English, pay attention to what you tell yourself or others. Be sure to replace unhelpful thoughts or ideas with better ones.

所以下次你说英语的时候,留意一下你对自己或别人说的话。一定要用更好的想法代替无用的想法。

Speak louder, slower

音量大,语速慢

The next tip is to speak louder and slow down your speech.

第二个技巧是提高音量,减缓语速。

When I taught English at a language school in Washington, D.C., I noticed something about my students: Those who lacked confidence spoke too softly. And they did not enunciate well. Often, I had to ask them to repeat themselves a few times.

我在华盛顿特区的一所语言学校教英语时注意到我的学生有一些特点:那些缺乏自信的学生说话声音太轻。他们的发音也不清楚。我经常得让他们重复几遍。

To sound more confident, speak loudly enough that anyone in the same room can easily hear you.

为了让自己听起来更自信,你可以大声地说话,让房间里的人都能很容易地听到。

And try to slow down your speech if you speak too fast. Many English learners worry that speaking too slow will make them sound inexperienced. But speaking too fast may cause more mistakes. So avoid worrying that you are speaking too slow for the people around you.

如果你语速太快,请尽量放慢语速。许多英语学习者担心说得太慢会让他们听起来缺乏经验。但是说得太快可能会引起更多的错误。所以,不要担心别人认为我们的语速过慢。

Speak in full sentences

说完整句子

Our third tip is to speak in complete sentences and give longer responses when possible.

我们的第三个技巧是用完整的句子表达,如果可能的话,给出较长的回答。

If you are not confident in a language, you will likely try to say as little as possible when you speak. Trust me: I know! When I visited Brazil, for example, I remember asking a building doorman for the fitness center key. In Portuguese, I said just, “Good afternoon. Fitness center key, please.”

如果你对一门语言没有信心,你可能会在说话的时候尽量少说词语。相信我:我知道!例如,我去巴西玩的时候,我记得我向大楼门卫要健身中心的钥匙。我只用葡萄牙语说了句:“下午好。请给我健身中心的钥匙。”

Saleh says this is a common problem for language learners. For example, if you ask an English learner what their favorite color is, they may give a short, direct response like, “My favorite color is blue.” But a native English speaker is likely to give a detailed and less direct response, like this:

萨利赫表示,这对语言学习者来说是一个普遍的问题。例如,如果你问一个英语学习者他们最喜欢的颜色是什么,他们可能会给一个简短、直接的回答,“我最喜欢的颜色是蓝色。”但是以英语为母语的人可能会给出详细而不那么直接的回答,比如:

“Well, to be quite honest, I don’t really have an actual color. I guess that if I were buying clothes, I would go for something like blue or grey.”

“嗯,说实话,我并没有真正喜欢的颜色。我想如果我要买衣服的话,我会选择蓝色或灰色之类的。”

Using complete sentences and giving more detail in responses shows listeners that you are not afraid to speak English.

使用完整的句子并在回答中给出更多的细节可以向听者表明你不怕说英语。

Read out loud

大声朗读

Now, we move to tip number four: Read out loud.

现在,我们来看第四个技巧:大声朗读。

Reading out loud can help build confidence in how your English sounds. So the next time you are reading a website, book or something else that you enjoy, take a few minutes to read the material aloud.

大声朗读可以帮助你建立英语发音的信心。所以,当你下次浏览一个网站、看一本书或其他你喜欢的东西时,花几分钟时间把内容大声读出来。

Vasquez offers a possible plan of action.

瓦斯凯提出了一个可行的行动计划。

Before reading aloud, read the story silently first. The second time, if there is audio, you can listen to the speaker as you read along silently. Then, try to read the story out loud alone. Then, try listening to the speaker and reading out loud at the same time.

在大声朗读之前,先默读这个故事。第二次,如果有音频,你可以一边听一边默默地读下去。然后,试着自己大声朗读这个故事。然后,试着一边听,一边大声朗读。

List words you have trouble saying and then, later, check their pronunciation on Google Translate or in some other place.

列出你拼不出的单词,然后,在谷歌翻译或其他地方确定它们的发音。

Saleh adds that learners should read for pleasure and enjoy what they are reading. So he advises not stopping to check word meanings in a dictionary while reading.

萨利赫补充说,学习者应该为乐趣而阅读,并享受他们所阅读的内容。所以他建议阅读时不要停下来查字典。

Don’t worry too much

别太担心

One of the biggest barriers to confidence in speaking a second language is the constant worry about making mistakes.

说第二语言时最大的自信障碍之一就是经常担心会犯错。

So our next tip is: Do not worry too much about mistakes.

所以我们的下一个建议是:不要太担心错误。

Understand that making mistakes is a natural part of the language learning process. Yes, you will make mistakes. But keep in mind that the purpose of speaking a language is to communicate. And many English learners communicate very well, even with mistakes.

犯错误是语言学习过程中很自然的一部分。是的,你会犯错误。但是要记住说一门语言的目的是为了交流。许多英语学习者沟通无障碍,即使带点错误。

Vasquez notes that mistakes can be a good thing. The more experience you get, the more you will know what is and is not correct, she explains.

瓦斯凯指出,犯错可能并非坏事。她解释说,你获得的经验越多,你就越能分辨对错。

Set realistic goals

设定现实的目标

Our final tip is to set realistic goals.

最后一个建议是设定现实的目标。

If your English-speaking skills are at the beginner or intermediate level and you try to do something too difficult, you may fail. This can harm your confidence. But, if you do something that matches your level, you are more likely to do it well.

如果你的英语能力处于初级或中级水平,而你试图做一些太难的事情,你可能会受挫。这会损害你的信心。但是,如果你做的事情与你的水平相匹配,你就更有可能做好。

As you learn English, it is natural to lack some of the skills you need to communicate well. Often, when we lack skills, we lack confidence. But remember that, as your skills grow, your confidence will, too.

在你学习英语的过程中,你很自然地会缺乏一些沟通所需的技能。通常,当我们缺乏技能时,我们就缺乏自信。但请记住,随着你技能的增长,你的信心也会增长。

Vasquez advises learners to make a plan for daily practice and spend at least 30 minutes each day practicing your English.

瓦斯凯建议学习者制定一个每天练习计划,每天至少花30分钟练习英语。

I’m Alice Bryant.

爱丽丝·布莱恩特报道。

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