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圣路易斯:通往西部之门以及百威啤酒的家乡

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St. Louis: 'Gateway to the West,' Hometown of Budweiser 迅雷专用高速下载 VOICE ONE:Welcome to THIS IS AMERICA
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 St. Louis: 'Gateway to the West,' Hometown of Budweiser


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VOICE ONE:

Welcome to THIS IS AMERICA in VOA Special English. I'm Steve Ember.

VOICE TWO:

And I'm Faith Lapidus. Our subject this week is the city of Saint Louis, Missouri.

诞生于1876年的美国百威啤酒,百年发展中一直以其纯正的口感,过硬的质量赢得了全世界消费者的青睐,成为世界最畅销、销量最多的啤酒,长久以来被誉为是“啤酒之王”!百威啤酒就是安海斯-布希旗下最著名的啤酒。A-B 並且生產一定數量的小容量和專業啤酒,非酒精釀造,麥芽酒,並且風味麥芽飲料。

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:

Saint Louis sits next to the Mississippi River, the most important waterway for shipping traffic in the United States. That traffic was halted for most of June because of severe flooding in the Midwest -- the worst in fifteen years.

Saint Louis did not have any serious problems, though, even as the Mississippi reached two-and-a-half meters above flood level.

After the water levels began to drop, the Army Corps of Engineers reopened the river to traffic. 



知识补充:圣路易弧形拱门(Gateway Arch)在密苏里州,走过它便意味着进入美国西部大地。在美国还是英国殖民地时期,移民们便纷纷向西部进军,征服边远地区,寻找谋生之路。圣路易是这些不屈不挠的拓荒者西进的必由之路。他们曾形象地把圣路易称为“通向西部之门”。圣路易弧形拱门是为了纪念他们而建造的。

圣路易拱门是由埃罗.塞里南设计,1968年建成竣工。拱门高达192米,人们在几里之外便可望见其雄姿。拱门系用钢板制成,恰似一道长虹冗然飞架于大地之上。它被阳光照射的地方,是那样夺目,被阴影遮盖的部分,又显得那样雄伟坚强。凡是亲眼见过圣路易弧形拱门的人,无不对它的壮观形象留下深刻印象。

VOICE TWO:

Saint Louis was settled by fur traders in the seventeen sixties on a limestone rise above the Mississippi. The French settlement was named for King Louis the Ninth.

Robert Archibald is president of the Missouri History Museum in Saint Louis. He says the city owes its existence to the river.

The Mississippi has played a major part in the history, culture and music of Saint Louis. In fact, the two biggest rivers in the United States, the Mississippi and the Missouri, meet north of the city.

(MUSIC)                                             

VOICE ONE:

One of Saint Louis' native sons was T.S. Eliot. The poet once described the Mississippi River as a strong brown god.

Robert Archibald says many people in Saint Louis have a sense that Elliot was right. They see the Mississippi as a natural force that affects life at its edges and around the city.

VOICE TWO:

Not far from the river's edge is the Gateway Arch, a symbol of America's westward expansion. Explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark began their trip in the spring of eighteen hundred and four from Saint Louis.

The fur trading post was the gateway to the West -- the place where settlement ended and the West began.

A Finnish-American architect, Eero Saarinen, won a design competition for the memorial in nineteen forty-seven. The Gateway Arch was completed eighteen years later, in nineteen sixty-five.

Saarinen designed the arch to honor Thomas Jefferson. President Jefferson sent Lewis and Clark on their expedition. He was also the only architect president in American history.

VOICE ONE:

The Gateway Arch is made of stainless steel. It is the nation's tallest memorial, at one hundred ninety-two meters. Visitors can go inside. Two trains, one inside each leg, carry visitors to the observation room at the top. Electric motors keep the trains level as they travel the four-minute trip up or down the arch.

On most days, no motion can be felt in the observation room. But when the wind blows, the arch gently moves from side to side.

VOICE TWO:

Not far in the distance is Busch Stadium, where the Saint Louis Cardinals play baseball.

Since the nineteen fifties, Saint Louis has had three different ballparks called Busch Stadium. The current one opened in two thousand six. It holds more than fifty thousand people. Major League Baseball will play its All-Star Game there next year.

VOICE ONE

The name Busch, B-U-S-C-H, comes from Saint Louis' best-known local company. Anheuser-Busch makes Budweiser and other beers. For a long time the company owned the Cardinals. A group of investors bought the team in nineteen ninety-six.

The Cards have won seventeen National League pennants and ten World Series championships. The latest was in two thousand six, in the new Busch Stadium. Across the street is a hall of fame that presents more than one hundred years of baseball history in the city. 

Local historian Robert Archibald says there is a fierce loyalty in Saint Louis to the Cardinals.

VOICE TWO:

Something else people in Saint Louis are loyal to is Anheuser-Busch. Right now the company is in the news. The Belgian and Brazilian company InBev wants to buy Anheuser-Busch and create the world's largest brewer.

Saint Louis would become the North American headquarters of the combined company.

Last week InBev proposed a new board of directors for Anheuser-Busch. The new board would include Adolphus Busch the Fourth, great-grandson of the company's co-founder and uncle of its current chief. With "the combination of InBev and Anheuser-Busch, Budweiser will once again be truly the 'King of Beers,'" says Adolphus Busch the Fourth.

But opponents have launched online petitions to try to stop the sale. These protests, says historian Robert Archibald, are proof of the loyalty that Saint Louisans have to the brewery. And not just Saint Louisans, it seems.

Last Monday, Barack Obama made an unexpected stop in Saint Louis because of airplane trouble. The Democratic presidential candidate said he was against the proposed takeover by InBev. The senator from Illinois told reporters, "It would be a shame if Bud is foreign-owned."

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:

The United States Census Bureau says the city of Saint Louis had about three hundred fifty thousand people last year. That was down from a population of almost four hundred thousand in nineteen ninety. The greater Saint Louis area has close to three million people.

French and Spanish immigrants settled Saint Louis, along with American Indians. Then large numbers of Germans arrived in the nineteenth century. That German influence is still felt today.

Germans love beer, and during the nineteenth century, Saint Louis had more than fifty breweries. Most closed during the period known as Prohibition. From nineteen twenty to nineteen thirty-three, it was illegal to make, sell or transport alcoholic drinks in the United States.

But Anheuser-Busch survived, and grew into its position today as the largest brewing company in the country.

VOICE TWO:

Anheuser was Eberhard Anheuser. The German-born soap maker bought a struggling brewery in Saint Louis in eighteen sixty. He renamed it E. Anheuser and Company. In eighteen sixty-four, his daughter's husband, Adolphus Busch, joined the company. It later became Anheuser-Busch. Budweiser was launched in eighteen seventy-six.

For many people in Saint Louis, their identity and the company's identity are intermixed. The company always points out its connection with Saint Louis in its advertising. And the big Clydesdale horses used in its marketing campaigns appear in city parades.

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:

Downtown Saint Louis has gone through a lot of redevelopment, much of it in the last twenty years or so. The city used to be the heart of the American shoe industry. But these days, most of the shoes Americans wear come from China.

Today Saint Louis has built up its health care industry. It also serves as Midwestern headquarters for big companies including Macy's department stores and pet food maker Ralston Purina.

The major daily newspaper is the Saint Louis Post-Dispatch. Having one major paper has been a common situation for years in American cities.

VOICE TWO:

Saint Louis is also home to one of the largest collections of mosaics in the world. These are on the walls of the Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis and they are breathtaking.

Twenty artists created them over a period of seventy-five years. They used more than forty-one million pieces of cut glass and seven thousand colors. The Ravenna Mosaic Company completed the work in nineteen eighty-eight.

The Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis is the spiritual center of local Roman Catholics.

VOICE ONE:

Entering the church is like traveling back centuries to Eastern Europe during the Byzantine Empire. A high dome sits over the main area of the cathedral. Many windows and doors are topped with arches and the walls are made of granite.

Eighty years of work went into the building, beginning in nineteen hundred. In nineteen ninety-seven, Pope John Paul the Second awarded the cathedral the ceremonial rights of a basilica. Two years later he visited the Cathedral Basilica during a stop in Saint Louis on his way home from a trip to Mexico. That stop in Saint Louis was his last visit to the United States.

(MUSIC)

VOICE TWO:

Our program was written and produced by Jill Moss. I'm Faith Lapidus.

VOICE ONE:

And I'm Steve Ember. Pictures of Saint Louis can be found at 51voa.com. Join us again next week for THIS IS AMERICA in VOA Special English.

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