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Jhai 计算机将通信能力推广到老挝的各个村落

kira86 于2008-09-29发布 l 已有人浏览
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Pedal-Powered Computers for Rural Villages 迅雷专用高速下载 This is the VOA Special English Development Report
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Pedal-Powered Computers for Rural Villages


迅雷专用高速下载

This is the VOA Special English Development Report.

A nonprofit group in San Francisco, California, is trying to take bicycle-powered computers to rural villages around the world. The computer was developed with villagers in Laos.

The group is the Jhai Foundation. Jhai, j-h-a-i, is a word in the Lao language that means "hearts and minds working together."

Lee Thorn is the chairman. He says there are tens of thousands of dead computers in rural villages. He says villages often receive computers that they do not know how to use or how to keep working.

So Lee Thorn worked with another Lee -- Lee Felsenstein, an early developer of personal computers. The result is the Jhai PC. The small computer costs about two hundred dollars. It does not use much electricity. The battery that powers it is recharged when a person pedals a bicycle.

Memory-storage devices called flash drives are connected to the computer to hold information. The Jhai PC has a steel cover designed to resist water and weather. The foundation says the computer is built to work for ten years.

In addition to Laos, the group is in contact with villages in Vietnam, India, Ghana and other countries.

The foundation offers to help villagers learn to make the computers themselves with local materials. The group looks for a business person in each village who will create a ten-year business plan. The plan must include hiring people in the village. It also must include maintaining the computers and paying for electricity and a connection to the Internet.

The Jhai Foundation provides business and computer training. It also provides classes for teachers on ways to use computers in school. The group has received awards from the United Nations.

The group also works with villagers on other ways to improve their lives. Fifty-one villages in Laos are in a coffee farmers cooperative. The foundation is helping the farmers sell their coffee in the United States.

Lee Thorn started the foundation ten years ago after visiting Laos to begin a process of reconciliation. He calls it the opposite of war. He was in the United States Navy during the Vietnam war. On an aircraft carrier he loaded planes with bombs to drop on neighboring Laos. Later he and Lee Felsenstein were active in the antiwar movement.

And that's the VOA Special English Development Report, written by Karen Leggett.

Jhai 计算机将通信能力推广到老挝的各个村落

随着 ICT 的引进,世界上越来越多的人可以接受教育和培训。在斯德哥尔摩科技挑战奖中,教育类项目面向所有年龄阶段的人们。Jhai 基金会老挝项目,这是一个体现了斯德哥尔摩科技挑战奖特质的成功案例,它通过通信技术成功克服了种种障碍,包括供电不足和地理困难等。

Jhai 基金会老挝项目的故事对 ICT 应用开发工作是非常重要而富有趣味的。例如在这个项目中,科技并非驱动因素,本地需要才是唯一的驱动因素。此外,由于所有权为当地所有,因此财务效率很高。

Jhai 项目最初是由一位来自美国军队的载弹人员发起 的,他希望从自己的角度补偿给老挝人民带来的伤害。今天,Jhai 工作的重要意义在于该项目团队并未通过单纯将技术引进到老挝的方式来开展项目,他们的出发点是“您需要什么?”,而非“我们能为您做些什么?”这样一个出发点相当重要,它对该项目的运作方式起着决定性的作用。这种方式引发了老挝人关于社会优先级别和自身需求的热烈讨论。

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